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Article III of the Constitution mandates the federal government have a Supreme Court to head the Judicial branch of government; lower courts are created and dismantled at the discretion of Congress.

Article III

Section 1: The judicial power of the United States, shall be vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The judges, both of the supreme and inferior courts, shall hold their offices during good behaviour, and shall, at stated times, receive for their services, a compensation, which shall not be diminished during their continuance in office.

Section 2: The judicial power shall extend to all cases, in law and equity, arising under this Constitution, the laws of the United States, and treaties made, or which shall be made, under their authority;--to all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls;--to all cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction;--to controversies to which the United States shall be a party;--to controversies between two or more states;--between a state and citizens of another state;--between citizens of different states;--between citizens of the same state claiming lands under grants of different states, and between a state, or the citizens thereof, and foreign states, citizens or subjects.

In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, and those in which a state shall be party, the Supreme Court shall have original jurisdiction. In all the other cases before mentioned, the Supreme Court shall have appellate jurisdiction, both as to law and fact, with such exceptions, and under such regulations as the Congress shall make.

The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, shall be by jury; and such trial shall be held in the state where the said crimes shall have been committed; but when not committed within any state, the trial shall be at such place or places as the Congress may by law have directed.

Section 3: Treason against the United States, shall consist only in levying war against them, or in adhering to their enemies, giving them aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of treason unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or on confession in open court.

The Congress shall have power to declare the punishment of treason, but no attainder of treason shall work corruption of blood, or forfeiture except during the life of the person attainted.

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βˆ™ 2010-08-29 04:32:55
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A Supreme Court justice who believes strongly in judicial activism would most likely agree with which statement

box 1 is empty .... which statement best completes the diagram related to the supreme court's procedures

Which Supreme Court procedure involves justices discussing a case, debating its key issues, and arriving at their own opinions on the appropriate ruling

a lawyer who is interested in understanding why most justices ruled in a particular way in a supreme court case should consult the case's

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Does Congress have the power to dissolve the Supreme Court?

No. Article III of the Constitution requires the federal government to establish and maintain a Supreme Court, and prevents Congress from removing individual justices except by impeachment. Congress has some control over the structure of all the federal courts, but it doesn't have the power to dissolve the US Supreme Court.


How are all courts except the us supreme court established?

Congress created a rudimentary federal court system in The Judiciary Act of 1789. Although Article III of the Constitution mandated a US Supreme Court.


Who created all federal courts except the Supreme Court?

Congress created a rudimentary federal court system in The Judiciary Act of 1789. Although Article III of the Constitution mandated a US Supreme Court, the Court was actually established by the same 1789 legislation.For more information, see Related Questions, below.


What are the constitutional checks on the US Supreme Court's power?

Both Congress and the President have the ability to check the power of the Supreme Court, but Congress exerts more influence than the President. Some checks are directly mentioned in the Constitution, while others are implied powers. The following are explicitly authorized by the Constitution:Legislative branch checks on Supreme CourtSenate approves federal judges, including Supreme Court justices (Advise and Consent Clause)Impeachment power (House)Trial of impeachments (Senate)Power to initiate constitutional amendments (to undo supreme court decisions)Power to create courts inferior to the Supreme CourtExecutive branch checks on Supreme CourtNominates justices to the Supreme CourtPower of pardon (except impeached officials)


Why is the president called chief executive?

That is what the president does. He is the chief executive officer over all the US government workers except for those directly working for the members of Congress or employed by federal judges.

Related questions

What institution had authority to establish lower federal court?

Congress retains the authority to do this. They also have the authority to abolish any federal court except the Supreme Court.


Who creates all the federal courts except the Supreme Court?

In the federal government, only Congress has constitutional authority to create (and dismantle) courts other than the US Supreme Court.


What power does Congress have to influence the U.S. judicial system?

They don’t have any power except for who they approve for federal and supreme courts.


Does Congress have the power to dissolve the Supreme Court?

No. Article III of the Constitution requires the federal government to establish and maintain a Supreme Court, and prevents Congress from removing individual justices except by impeachment. Congress has some control over the structure of all the federal courts, but it doesn't have the power to dissolve the US Supreme Court.


When will the US Congress vote on same-sex marriage?

The federal issue will be decided by the US Supreme Court by the end of June 2013 and most likely Congress will not vote on the issue except perhaps to codify the decision of the Supreme Court.


Who has the power to create the federal courts and jurisdictions?

The Constitution vests power for creating federal courts "inferior" to the Supreme Court in Congress. Congress also determines the jurisdiction of the courts, except where already prescribed by Article III of the Constitution.


How are all courts except the us supreme court established?

Congress created a rudimentary federal court system in The Judiciary Act of 1789. Although Article III of the Constitution mandated a US Supreme Court.


Does the Congress have the authority to change the court's jurisdiction?

With respect to federal courts, yes, except for the Supreme Court. Article III, Section 1, of the Constitution specifies that Congress has the express authority to "ordain and establish" courts inferior to the Supreme Court.For an excellent and comprehensive summary refer to the below link:


Who created all federal courts except the Supreme Court?

Congress created a rudimentary federal court system in The Judiciary Act of 1789. Although Article III of the Constitution mandated a US Supreme Court, the Court was actually established by the same 1789 legislation.For more information, see Related Questions, below.


The functions of the Supreme Court include each EXCEPT?

Hearing cases from state courts if they don't involve federal law


Is Federal Court capitalized?

No, except at the beginning of a sentence because it isnot a propernoun.However, when used with a definitename, it should be capitalized.Example:the Supreme Court of California


What are the constitutional checks on the US Supreme Court's power?

Both Congress and the President have the ability to check the power of the Supreme Court, but Congress exerts more influence than the President. Some checks are directly mentioned in the Constitution, while others are implied powers. The following are explicitly authorized by the Constitution:Legislative branch checks on Supreme CourtSenate approves federal judges, including Supreme Court justices (Advise and Consent Clause)Impeachment power (House)Trial of impeachments (Senate)Power to initiate constitutional amendments (to undo supreme court decisions)Power to create courts inferior to the Supreme CourtExecutive branch checks on Supreme CourtNominates justices to the Supreme CourtPower of pardon (except impeached officials)

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