a system of justice in which two parties argue against each other in the presence of a judge and , sometimes , a jury.
a policy or program that provides opportunities for traditionally disadvantaged groups to help them overcome the effects of discrimination
ACA a 2010 act signed by Barack Obama , commonly known as "obamacare" . this law expanded public and private health insurance , mandated that most uninsured individuals received coverage , and provided funds to reduce healthcare costs .
( 1755 - 1804 ) an american politician who supported a strong central government . he was the first secretary of the treasury .
alterations to the constitution of a nation or state . the U.S constitution has been amended 27 times.
an act protecting people with disabilities from discrimination in employment and public service
a total lack of government
a series of writings produced by anti - federalists that criticized the U.S constitution during the debates over its ratification.
a group of people who opposed the creation of a stronger national government and later opposed the ratification of the U.S constitution.
the legal process through which a party that has lost a court case asks a higher court to review the decision .
courts that hear appeals on points of law decided by lower courts.
the authority of a court to review legal decisions made by a lower court.
controversial ; not automatically assumed by reasonable people.
the main part of the U.S constitution . article one (1) covers the legislative branch. article two (2) the executive branch . and article three (3) the judicial branch ; articles four (4) through seven (7) cover the equal powers of the states , the creation of the amendments, general provisions , and the ratification process.
the plan of government for the united states during the revolutionary war and for several years after the war ; it was replaced by the constitution.
a government controlled by a individual or small group with absolute political power . there are no restrictions on the rulers or rulers' power.
in government , power that is recognized as legitimate.