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The end of World War II brought about such extensive changes in international politics that they are discussed in-depth in literature, such as Mansbach and Rafferty's Introduction to Global Politics. The Allied Powers, US, USSR, Great Britain, France, and other states defeated the fascist Nazi regime in Germany led by Adolf Hitler, as well as his allies, Italy, Japan, and other states, united as the Axis Powers. The horrors of the Holocaust and World Wars I and II encouraged the establishment of an international organization to promote peace, security, human rights, and economic stability. The United Nations was then established in 1945. In addition, the military power of the United States, which became clear after it detonated the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan, stimulated a desire in the Soviet Union to acquire an equivalent, if not greater, means of destructive weaponry. The ensuing arms race eventually led to a global realization of the United States of America and the Soviet Union as two global superpowers, effectively creating a bipolar balance of power in international politics. The Cold War followed, threatening to plunge the world into war again, with the greater fear of it being a nuclear one.

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βˆ™ 2013-11-15 19:20:04
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