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No. The US Constitution vests Congress with the authority to determine the structure of the federal courts, including the US Supreme Court. Congress set the number of justices on the Court at nine in the Judiciary Act of 1869.

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Q: Do all of the federal courts determine the number of US Supreme Court justices?
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Continue Learning about American Government

What was Roosevelt's major political failure?

His plan to expand the Supreme Court His plan to replace Supreme Court justices His plan to pack the courts.


Are all lower federal courts created by the Supreme Court?

No, the Supreme Court is separate from all other courts. The president nominates judges to federal courts and Congress approves them.


Who are the members of the judicial branch?

The U.S. Supreme Court is the highest court in the U.S. The lower courts include the U.S. Courts of Appeals, U.S. District Courts and U.S. Bankruptcy Courts. Other state and local courts are also part of the legal system.


How is it decided which cases are heard by the Supreme Court?

The United States Supreme Court is the ultimate court of last resort. While the cases heard by lower level trial courts and appellate courts can be appealed to state supreme courts and federal appellate courts, no other court looks over the shoulder of the U.S. Supreme Court. The opinions issued by the nine justices on this court are final.


What did the Judiciary Act of 1789 establish?

The Judiciary Act of 1789 created a the beginning of the three-tiered Federal Court system and established the US Supreme Court as head of the Judicial branch of government. The Act specified the Supreme Court was to consist of six justices, one who would serve as Chief Justice and five associate justices. Congress also created three US Circuit Courts, and thirteen District Courts within eleven states, all inferior to the Supreme Court. The act provided an avenue of appeal from state courts to federal court on questions involving federal law and US constitutional matters. For more information, see Related Questions, below.

Related questions

How many supreme courts justices are there in the supreme court?

9 justices and a Chief Justice.


How many justices does the US supreme courts have?

There are nine of them..


What are the names of the members of the legislative branch?

The supreme court, some federal courts, and judges (justices is another name for judges).


What is the presidents role as the Judicial Leader?

The President has the power to pardon people from federal crimes. He also nominates judges for federal courts, including the Supreme Court. These nominations have to be ratified by the US Senate in order to take effect. (Federal courts belong to the judicial department which is independent of the President.)


Why are US Supreme Court justices called justices and not judges?

Because then people know right away the difference. Justices=Supreme Court. Judges=Normal Courts acting under the Supreme Court.


How many judges are in supreme courts?

The United States Supreme Court consists of nine justices. The justices are appointed by the president and remain justices for life. The Supreme Court is part of the judicial branch of the U.S. government.


Are there 5 justices serving on the Supreme Court?

There are seven justices on some state supreme courts, but the Supreme Court of the United States seats nine justices.


What was Roosevelt's major political failure?

His plan to expand the Supreme Court His plan to replace Supreme Court justices His plan to pack the courts.


Which courts are included in the judical branch?

All courts: state (Superior, Municipal and Small Claims; Appellate and State Supreme), Federal Courts (District, Circuit Courts of Appeal, Federal Supreme Courts), and Administrative Courts (Workers Compensation Appeals Board, Social Security, Etc.)


What is the title given to the judges who sit on the state Supreme Courts and the federal Supreme Court?

Supreme Court Justices, Associate Justices of the Supreme Court -- although, the head of the courts are called:The US Supreme Court - Chief Justice of the United States (since 1866 when it was changed from Chief Justice of the Supreme Court).The various state Supreme Courts - Chief Justice of the State of (state name).But, not all states call their highest court the "Supreme Court." Some use "Court of Appeals," "Superior Court," "Supreme Judicial Court," and Texas and Oklahoma divide criminal and civil supreme courts by calling them (respectively) The Court of Criminal Appeals and The Supreme Court. Nomenclature will follow the trends in the individual states.


Are all lower federal courts created by the Supreme Court?

No, the Supreme Court is separate from all other courts. The president nominates judges to federal courts and Congress approves them.


Does the US President have direct authority over federal courts and state courts?

No. The federal courts are part of the Judicial branch of government, which is co-equal to, and independent from, the Executive branch (the US President). The President has no authority over federal courts, except for having the power to nominate federal judges and US Supreme Court justices when vacancies arise during his term of office.The President has no authority whatsoever over state courts.