1. inferior courts- the lower federal courts, those beneath the Supreme Court.
2. jurisdiction- the authority of a court to hear a case.
3. exclusive jurisdiction- cases can be heard only in the federal courts.
4. concurrent jurisdiction- they share the power to hear those cases.
5. plaintiff- the person who files suit.
6. defendant- the person whom the complaint is against.
7. original jurisdiction- having the first ability to hear the case.
8. appellate jurisdiction- the higher jurisdiction.
9. criminal case- a case inwhich a defendant is tried for committing a federal crime.
10. civil cases- a case over infringment.
11. docket- list of cases to be heard.
12. writ of certiorari- order by court directing a lower court to send up the case's record.
13. certificate- when a lower court is not clear about the procedure.
14. majority opinion- the Court's opinion
15. precedents- examples to be followed in similar cases.
16. concurring opinion- to add or emphasize a point that was not made in the maj. opinion.
17. dissenting opinions- written by those justices who don't agree with maj. decision.
18. redress- satisfaction of a claim
19. court-martial- military courts.
20. civilian tribunal- court operating as part of the judicial branch, separate from military branch.
21. Bill of Rights- 1st 10 Amendments to the Const.
22. civil liberties- protections against gov't.
23. civil rights- positive acts of gov't that seek to make constitutional guarantees.
24. alien- non-citizens of the country they live in.
25. Due Process Clause- in the 14th Amendment.
26. process of incorporation- process of including guarantess in the Bill of Rights.
27. Establishment Clause- establishment of religion.
28. parochial- church-related
29. Free Exercise Clause- guarantess the right to each person the right to believe what he/she chooses.
30. libel- false and malicious use of printed words.
31. slander- false and malicious use of spoken words.
32. sedition- crime of attempting to overthrow the gov't by force.
33. seditious speech- advocating or urging of it.
34. prior restraint- has almost no exceptions
35. shield law- give reporters some protections for their sources
36. symbolic speech- talking with your body suggestions
37. picketing- patrolling of a business site by workers who are on strike.
38. assemble- to gather with one another.
39. content neutral- cannot regulate assemblies on the basis of what is said there.
40. right of association- allow people to gather toghether for protest.
41. due process- should be used
42. substantive due process- should be substantive used.
43. procedural due process- how of gov't action.
44. police power- authority of speech to protect.
45. search warrant- authorized by judge to search someone's property
46. involuntary servitude- forced labor.
47. discrimination- bias, unfairness.
48. writs of assistance- blanket search warrants
49. probable cause- most likely reason.
50. exclusionary rule- evidence gained illegaly cannot be used at court.
51. writ of habeas corpus- prevents unjust arrests.
52. bill of attainder- inflicts punishment without a trial.
53. ex post facto law- a law passed after the fact.
54. grand jury- formal device by which a person can be charged a crime.
55. indictment- formal complaint that the prosecutor lays before grand jury.
56. double jeapordy- twice put in jeapordy of life.
57. bench trial- the judge hears the case alone.
58. Miranda rule- before police may question a suspect that person must be told their rights.
59. bail- sum of money to get someone out of jail.
60. preventive detention- preventing the accusation of a charged felon.
61. capital punishment- punishment by death.
62. treason- levying war against US, aiding the enemies.
63. heterogenous- composed for more than 1 ingredient.
64. immigrant- person who came from other country.
65. reservation- public lands set aside for Native Americans.
66. refugee- one who seeks protection from war.
67. assimilation- process where 1 culture merges with another.
68. segregation- separation of 1 group to another.
69. Jim Crow law- laws that separate people according to race.
70. separate-but-equal doctrine- constitutional basis for Jim Crow law.
71. integration- merging of different races
72. de jure segregation- segregation by law.
73. de facto segregation- segragation by communities.
74. affirmative action- taking immediate action.
75. quota- the required amount to achieve.
76. reverse discrimination- discrimination against the majority group.
77. citizen- one who owes allegiance to the US.
78. jus soli- law of the soil.
79. jus sanguinis- law of the blood.
80. naturalization- legal process by which a person becomes a citizen.
81. alien- citizen of a foreign country living in this state.
82. expatriation- legal process by which a person loses citizenship.
83. denaturalization- cancels the naturalization process of a person.
84. deportation- legal process by which aliens are required to leave the US.
Obtain high employment and price stability
I do not know. Ask Keystone National High/Middle School!
He overthrew the syracusan oligarchy
The US government attempted to facilitate the growth of domestic industry by placing high tariff barriers on foreign imports.
It takes one year for the federal government to prepare a budget.
Fairfield High School - Bristol - was created in 2000.
New Fairfield High School was created in 1973.
Fairfield Warde High School was created in 1956.
Fairfield Ludlowe High School was created in 2003.
The motto of Fairfield Ludlowe High School is 'F.A.L.C.O.N.S.'.
Fairfield High School for Girls was created in 1796.
Fairfield Union High School was created in 1962.
Fairfield Ludlowe High School's motto is 'The sky's the limit!'.
He attended Fairfield Industrial High School in Fairfield, Alabama.
The motto of Fairfield High School - Bristol - is 'Achieving Excellence'.
The address of the Fairfield Historical Society is: 42 High Street, Fairfield, ME 04937
He never attended college because he began playing professional baseball right out of high school.