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The US Supreme Court is the head of the Judicial branchof the federal government, mandated by Article III, Section 1, of the Constitution and established by the Judiciary Act of 1789 and various Judiciary Acts thereafter. The other two branches are the Legislative branch (Congress), and the Executive branch (the President, Vice-President, Cabinet members, etc.).

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13y ago
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12y ago

The Supreme Court is the Judicial Branch of the government, therefore it was not created by another branch of government.

The three branches of government (Legislative, Executive and Judicial) are listed in the US Constitution, Article 1, Section I. There it lists what each branch is responsible for and capable of doing within the system. These branches were established as a set of "checks and balances" to make sure that no one entity could single handedly control the government.

Another perspective:

The Legislative Branch established the US Supreme Court when it passed the Judiciary Act of 1789; however, they were acting on a requirement addressed in Article III of the Constitution, so the idea didn't originate with the First Congress but with the Framers of the Constitution.

Congress continues to play a role in shaping the Judicial Branch because they have authority to alter the Court's appellate jurisdiction, the number of justices required to fill the bench and other structural matters, and have final authority to approve or reject a President's nomination to the Court.

Congress is also responsible for establishing all courts inferior to (below) the Supreme Court, including those that fall under the Judicial Branch (US District Courts, US Court of International Trade, US Court of Appeals Circuit Courts) and those that are part of the Legislative Branch, such as the Court of Federal Claims, Tax Court, US Bankruptcy Courts, Military Courts, etc.

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8y ago

The Judicial Branch
The Supreme Court heads up the Judicial branch of government.

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13y ago

Legislative. The president is Executive, and the Supreme Justices are Judicial. The House and Senate are Legislative.

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10y ago

The Supreme Court heads the judicial branch of the United States government. The judicial branch also includes lower courts and special courts as well as court support organizations.

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9y ago

The Supreme Court is the highest court in the United States. It is part of the judiciary branch of government.

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11y ago

Judicial branch

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Q: What branch of government established the Supreme Court?
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Related questions

Which branch of the U.S. government does the Supreme Court lead?

The Supreme Court leads the Judicial Branch of government.


What was significant effect of Supreme Court decision under Chief Justice John Marshall?

The decisions of the Marshall Court established the Supreme Court as a branch of government equal to Congress and the Presidency.


Is the Supreme Court the Executive Branch Of the Government?

No. The Supreme Court of the United States heads the Judicial branch of government. The President of the United States heads the Executive branch of government. It's False (for short)


Which supreme court case established the judicial branch of the government as an equal to the legislative and executive?

Marbury V. Madison.


Highest authority in the judiaial branch of government?

The Judicial Branch has judicial authority which is the Supreme court.


Why is the US Supreme Court the highest branch in Congress?

The Supreme Court is not in the Congress. The Supreme court is at the top of the judicial branch of government, a co-equal branch with Congess.


What branch of government does the US congress represent?

The Supreme Court, and all judges in the United States, fall into the Judicial Branch of government.


Which branch one is supreme and the others will be established by congress?

The supreme court so the Judicial Branch... I think.


The US supreme court id found under what branch of government?

The Supreme Court holds the highest jurisdiction in the Judicial Branch of government.


The supreme court is part of which branch of government?

The Supreme Court of Illinois is part of the Judicial Branch of the Illinois State government.


What is most closely related to the judicial branch of government?

The Supreme Court is most closely related to the judicial branch of government.


Which article established the supreme court?

It is Article III of the United States Constitution that established a Supreme Court to head the judicial branch. It also provides the national government the power to create lower federal courts.