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The Texas judicial system differs somewhat from most other states' judiciaries in that the Supreme Court of Texas only has final appellate jurisdiction over civil and juvenile cases; the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals, which is hierarchically equal to the Supreme Court of Texas, has final appellate jurisdiction over all state criminal cases.

The Texas Supreme Court seats one Chief Justice and eight Justices, while the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals seats one Presiding Judge and eight Judges. All are elected to six-year terms on non-partisan ballots (no party affiliation indicated). Lower appeals court judges are elected in the same manner, and hold the same term of office.

The Governor may appoint justices, subject to confirmation by the state legislature, to serve the remainder of a term if an elected justice leaves office.

The current Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Texas is Wallace B. Jefferson. The current Presiding Judge of the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals is Sharon Keller. The court Term appears to run on a calendar year, from January through December. It also appears little business is conducted during the month of July.

According to the state, a qualified candidate must be at least 35 years old; must be licensed to practice law in the State of Texas; and must have been practicing law for a minimum of ten years.

At present, all nine justices are members of the Republican party, although this does not appear to be a formal requirement.

To access a structural chart of the Texas state court system, see Related Links, below.

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Q: What information is available about the Supreme Court of Texas and the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals and their justices?
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Oklahoma Court of Criminal Appeals was created in 1907.


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Tennessee Court of Criminal Appeals was created in 1967.


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Texas Court of Criminal Appeals was created in 1841.


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they are appointed by the president and are confirmed by the senate.


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What are the two Supreme Courts in Texas called?

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