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Generally speaking, anti-Federalists feared that a too powerful central government might conflict with the states ( former colonies ) own constitutions which guaranteed so many freedoms that were held sacred by state politicians, leaders and ordinary citizens. To overcome the fears of the anti-Federalists, James Madison was assigned the task to create a Bill of Rights that made sure that a too powerful central government would take away their rights. Madison came up with twelve amendments, however the Framers decided to use only ten of them.

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The Anti-Federalists were concerned about the inclusion of a bill of rights aimed at protect individual rights in the federal system.

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Q: What was the Anti-Federalists' greatest concern about ratifying the U.S. Constitution?
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What was the concern of southerners about the constitution?

Control of trade by Congress would hurt their economy.

What was the greatest concern of the opponents to the constitution?

The biggest flaw in the original Constitution, as pointed out by anti-Federalists who opposed the drafting of a constitution, was the absence of a bill of rights. However, the Federalists, who supported creating the Constitution, realized that adding a bill of rights would be a good idea, and so they added it, essentially taking the only argument against the Constitution away from the anti-Federalists.

Why did the antifederalists believe that the convention had violated congress's original instructions and how did the federalists respond?

one of the early criticisms of the constitution was that the delegates had secretly developed a plan of government that went beyond their instructions. the anti federalists argued that the delegates had done far more than proposing amendments to fix the problems with the articles of confederation's delegates had created a new system of government. this concern was exemplified in a letter written by "A Republican federalist" to the members of Massachusetts state convention. He stated that " that the original design of forming the convention has not been carried into effect." Therefore. since the delegates acted in violation of their instructions," ....they ceased to be a federal convention, and had no more right to propose to then United States the new form of government, than the equal number of gentlemen ..." The Federalists did not grant the point to the Antifederalists. James Madison spent all of the fortieth essays in the federalist series to explain how the convention had actually done its work within the context of the instructions from congress.

What Anti-Federalist concern does this amendment included in the bill of right most clearly address?

The worry that a powerful government would interfere with people’s freedom.

Arguments against the adoption of the constitution?

There were many arguments made against the adoption of the United States Constitution. The most widely expressed argument was the fact that a centralized government system could weaken the rights and freedoms of the people throughout the country that the document was intended to provide for.