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Wesberry v. Sanders, (1964) required that Districts of the US House of Representatives be composed of approximately equal populations in order to ensure fair representation of US citizens. Wesberry was one of a pair of cases decided in 1964 that addressed reapportionment.

The "one man, one vote" rule (also called "one person, one vote") derives from the US Supreme Court ruling in Reynolds v. Sims, 377 US 533 (1964) that held state political districts of unequal size resulted in under-representation of some citizens' interests and over-representation of others'. This was considered "unrepublican," per Article IV, Section 4 of the Constitution, and also unconstitutional under the Fourteenth Amendment Equal Protection Clause. In order to meet constitutional standards, districts had to be reapportioned so each had approximately equal population.

Both Wesberry and Reynolds decisions were predicated on the landmark ruling in Baker v. Carr, 369 US 186 (1962), in which the US Supreme Court decided reapportionment of state legislative districts was not a "political question" that should be resolved through legislation. The Court found legislative conflicts of interest raised justiciable issues that could be addressed and resolved by the Federal courts.

Case Citation:

Wesberry v. Sanders, 376 US 1 (1964)

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7y ago

Unequal representation. Wesberry v. Sanders, 376 U.S. 1 (1964) was a U.S. Supreme Court case involving U.S. Congressional districts in the state of Georgia. The Court issued its ruling on February 17, 1964. This decision requires each state to draw its U.S. Congressional districts so that they are approximately equal in population.

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One person one vote, equal representation

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Rural Overrepresation

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Q: What was the Supreme Court case Wesberry v Sanders about?
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Who was Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court for the Wesberry v Sanders case?

Wesberry v. Sanders, 376 US 1 (1964)Chief Justice Earl Warren (1953-1969) presided over Wesberry v. Sanders, (1964).For more information, see Related Questions, below.

Westbury v Sanders?

US Supreme Court decision of 1964 dealing with apportionment of Congressional districts. After a suit against Georgia's apportionment statute was dismissed by the federal circuit court, the case was appealed to the Supreme Court. The Court ruled that all Congressional districts must be equal in size of voting population. The Georgia statute was declared invalid because its unequal apportionment gave greater voting power to residents of certain districts. source: <a href="">Wesberry v. Sanders</a>

How were the congressional districts drawn before Wesberry v Sanders?

Before the landmark Supreme Court case Wesberry v. Sanders in 1964, congressional districts in many states were drawn without much regard for equal population representation. Instead, districts were often drawn based on political considerations and gerrymandering tactics, allowing for unequal representation and potentially disenfranchising some voters. Wesberry v. Sanders established the principle of "one person, one vote," requiring that congressional districts be drawn to have roughly equal populations to ensure more equitable representation.

Was redistricting after a census declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in 1964?

Redistricting was not declared unconstitutional in the 1963 case Gray v. Sanders. It was after that.

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