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Schechter Poultry Corp. v. US, 295 US 495 (1935)

In Schechter, the US Supreme Court found certain government-imposed regulations of the poultry industry, such as price- and wage-fixing, unconstitutional. The "codes of fair competition" would have allowed the President to dictate pricing and and other competitive aspects of the agribusiness under Section 3 of the National Industrial Recovery Act of 1933, as an extension of the Interstate Commerce Clause.

These laws would apply to certain food producers regardless of size and regardless of whether their business was entirely intrastate, as was the case with A. L. A. Schechter Poultry Corp. The Court's decision limited the government's power to act under the Interstate Commerce Clause, which it held was improperly applied to intrastate commerce. The Supreme Court ruled that the farm regulation was a state's rights issue, and invalidated a portion of the National Industrial Recovery Act of 1933, closing the National Recovery Administration (NRA).

Many of the NRA policies, such as setting minimum wage and restricting work hours, were successfully reenacted under the National Labor Relations Act (aka Wagner Act) passed in July 1935.

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Q: What was the US Supreme Court case Schecter v. US?
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