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The historical significance of the War in 1812 was that it helped the people of America have a strong nationalism for their country, despite the second failed American attempt to forcibly annex the territory known as Canada.

Ironically, that attempt at invasion, and Canadians' successful defeat of the invasion, was crucial in igniting a discussion of nationhood between the very separate French- and English-speaking cultures that led to the creation of Canada as a country.

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12y ago
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11y ago

American Independence.

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American Independence was never at stake in the War of 1812, but it did lead to Canadian independence. The United States started a war with the express intent of forcibly annexing Canada. This is well documented, with various Americans, particularly the "War Hawks" putting their goal on the record. As Jefferson famously predicted, the invasion of Canada would be "merely a matter of marching."

That invasion went very badly indeed. The Canadian defenders, composed of one quarter British regulars, to three quarters Canadian militia and native bands, were badly outnumbered, but in battle after battle they scored decisive victories, and forced US troops to retreat headlong, surrendering Detroit, Buffalo and Fort Dearborn (Chicago) in the process.

Once the British had won a much, much bigger war against Napoleon, they prepared to send 100,000 battle-hardened troops across the Atlantic (they began the war of 1812 with 5200 soldiers in North America). The Americans, knowing this, asked for peace talks, and the Brits, weary of war after Napoleon, agreed.

The much celebrated American victory at New Orleans meant exactly nothing: the peace treaty had already been signed, so New Orleans had no effect whatsoever on the outcome.

Ironically, that act of aggression was the spark that created an independent Canada. Canada and Canadians had been known as such for more than 200 years, but the surprising victories united two very separate English and French cultures in a common cause to save their land, and that began the talk of nationhood.

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9y ago

1.) Increased American patriotism

2.) Weakened Native American resistance
3.) U.S. manufacturing grew
4.) U.S. proved it could defend itself against mightiest military power of the era
5.) Americans believed their nation would survive and prosper

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12y ago

The Treaty of Ghent, signed on December 24, 1814, stated that no side was to gain anything from the other side and the war basically ended without a change in money, land, or power. However, Americans patriotism greatly increased as they proved they could stand against the leaders of the world and still survive as a country. American citizens were not sure before then if their form of government would function properly, for only twenty-five years before they broke off from England. It also provided sundry minor benefits for our country such as inspiring our country's national anthem. Overall, the War of 1812 treaty defined no clear winner but could have easily been claimed won by either side. By contrast, it proved that the Constitution would not be suborned and made Americans realize that they would be independent from Britain once and for all.

Ghent did not address any of the issues that Congress had found important enough to start a war over, but it did stave off a loud and persistent discussion among the seven New England states about seceding from the Union due to grave economic consequences that had come from, in their view, a foolish decision to start a war.

There was, however, a clear winner, whatever the treaty might not mention. Canada continued to exist, having fought off a second American attempt (the first was in 1775) to invade and forcibly annex the country. Canadian militia of British and French extraction fought together to turn back much larger invasion forces, with critical help from smaller numbers of regular British forces, and natives.

Their success in fighting off an armed takeover (and two more invasions from American soil, in 1866 and 1870), was crucial in creating a national consciousness that led to nationhood in 1867.

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12y ago

English tried to take over the US but were defeated and never tried again.I bet they will.

Answer:In fact, it was the opposite: the US tried to take over Canada...for the second time (the first being a failed invasion in 1775).

American Independence was never at stake in the War of 1812, but it did lead to Canadian independence. The United States started a war with the express intent of forcibly annexing Canada. This is well documented, with various Americans, particularly the "War Hawks" putting their goal on the record. As Jefferson famously predicted, the invasion of Canada would be "merely a matter of marching."

That invasion went very badly indeed. The Canadian defenders, composed of one quarter British regulars, to three quarters Canadian militia and native bands, were badly outnumbered, but in battle after battle they scored decisive victories, and forced US troops to retreat headlong, surrendering Detroit, Buffalo and Fort Dearborn (Chicago) in the process.

Once the British had won a much, much bigger war against Napoleon, they prepared to send 100,000 battle-hardened troops across the Atlantic (they began the war of 1812 with 5200 soldiers in North America). The Americans, knowing this, asked for peace talks, and the Brits, weary of war after Napoleon, agreed.

The much celebrated American victory at New Orleans meant exactly nothing: the peace treaty had already been signed, so New Orleans had no effect whatsoever on the outcome.

Ironically, that act of aggression was the spark that created an independent Canada. Canada and Canadians had been known as such for more than 200 years, but the surprising victories united two very separate English and French cultures in a common cause to save their land, and that began the talk of nationhood.

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6y ago

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