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Interpretation of the Constitution resides in the fact that we must read words that other people wrote and decide what they mean: that is interpretation. Everyone interprets the Constitution. Some people refer to the role of the Supreme Court in interpreting the Constitution. This is based on the Court's role in declaring laws that they interpret as violating the Constitution to be unConstitutional. This power is not mentioned anywhere in the Constitution. It is based on the decision in the case Marbury v. Madison, written by Chief Justice John Marshall in 1803. This precedent has stood until present times. There are legislative checks on this power available to Congress. Discussion of this power is reflected in Madison's notes on the Constitutional Convention. More narrowly, those who look for a literal reading of the Constitution have some stumbling blocks to deal with. If we interpret the Constitution literally as our Founders wrote it, we must conclude that slavery is acceptable. Even if we allow amendment of the Constitution to alter our Founders' intentions (eg., by abolishing slavery), there are issues. Article I Section 8 lists the legislative powers of the Congress, and says that Congress may "raise and support armies" and "provide and maintain a navy." There is no provision for an air force, for instance. Apologists may say that these two phrases, plus technical advances, mean that the Constitution can be read to include the air force. That is interpreting the Constitution in order to adapt its principles to modern times, the very thing that literalists object to. So, because we all must read it, we all must interpret the Constitution. A closer look at the controversy between the literalists and their opponents reveals that the real quarrel is over the conclusions reached, not over the need for interpretation.

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'''The very simple answer to this question is Article III of the United States Constitution'''. All of the following information is great and accurate.

It is considered to be the job of the legislative branch to create the laws, the job of the executive branch to carry out the laws, and the job of the judicial branch to interpret the law. However, this is not explicitly stated in the Constitution. It was more clearly established in the Supreme Court case, Marbury v. Madison (1803).

The issue in this case was that John Adams, in the closing hours of his presidency, had made several judicial appointments, which were signed and ready to be delivered, but not actually delivered. Upon taking office, Jefferson ordered his Secretary of State, James Madison, not to deliver the commissions, since he was angry that Adams had attempted to pack the courts with federalist judges who disagreed with Jefferson's political views. One of those commissions was for a man named William Marbury. He took the matter to court.

The Supreme Court ruled that Marbury did, in fact, have the right to his commission, but that the Court did not have the right to rule on this issue. The Judiciary Act of 1789, which had given the Supreme Court original jurisdiction over writs of mandamus (which could be used to force Madison to deliver the commission), contradicted the Constitution and was therefore invalid.

Thus, in this landmark case, the Supreme Court established the right of "judicial review," or the ability to say which laws are unconstitutional, essentially, interpreting the law.

Alexander Hamilton stated, about the power of interpretation of the law, "The interpretation of the laws is the proper and peculiar province of the courts. A constitution, is, in fact, and must be regarded by the judges, as a fundamental law. It therefore belongs to them to ascertain its meaning."

It is not an enumerated power, not even implicitly, not to any one or all of the three branches combined, nor to the States. None of them were delegated that power by the Constitution, so it is reserved to the People (that's usually where the Jury is supposed to come in and play the role when interpretation is needed) under US Const. art. Amend. X and can be administered through either or both Amendments VI and VII.

"Being an instrument of limited and enumerated powers, it follows irresistibly, that what is not conferred, is withheld". New York v. United States, 505 U.S. 144, 156, 112 S.Ct. 2408, 120 L.Ed.2d 120 (1992)

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Q: Where is constitutional interpretation in the constitution?
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On what date did the Constitutional Convention adopt the Constitution?

The Constitutional Convention adopted the Constitution in May 1787. The Constitution was adopted on September 17, 1787.

What are kinds of constitution according to origin or history?

constitutional convention, constitutional commission, constitutional assembly

Laws that are allowed by the constitution?


What is narrow interpretation?

narrow interpretation is the in between interpretation of the judges of the supreme court. In a narrow interpretation the judges fallow what is on the constitution but also their ideas.

How has the Constitution become more Democratic?

Constitutional interpretation sits in two general camps: conservative and liberal. A conservative interpretation follows the rule of if the Constitution doesn't specifically allow the government to do it, the government can't do it. Liberal interpretation follows the rule of if the Constitution doesn't specifically disallow the government from doing it, the government can do it. Constitutional interpretation is entirely up to the Supreme Court, and each individual Justice has differing interpretation beliefs and varying degrees of that belief. In the early 1800's, the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court was a federalist by the name of John Marshall. Federalists, obviously, interpreted the Constitution in a more liberal manner. Chief Justice Marshall's rulings greatly increased the power of the Judicial Branch in federal government to be equal to the Executive and Legislative branches, allowed vastly historically important policies to take place due to liberal interpretation, and laid the groundwork for future liberal interpretation as well. In today's politics, Republicans are primarily conservative interpreters while Democrats are primarily liberal interpreters.

Related questions

What is the Difference Between loose Constitution and strict Constitution of the Constitution?

A strict interpretation of the Constitution states that the government of the United States holds only those powers specifically granted to it by the Constitution. A loose interpretation of the Constitution posits that the government of the United States hold all powers that are not specifically denied to it by the Constitution.

What are the loose and strict constructions of the Constitution and who favored each?

It's your interpretation of the constitution. The philosophy that allows narrow constitutional interpretation is called strict construction and the philosophy of broad constitutional interpretation is called loose construction. Thomas Jefferson and James Madison favored the strict constructions, and Alexander Hamilton favored the loose construction.

The Constitution and its interpretation on Affirmative Action?

the Constitution and its interpretation

The primary contribution of the Federalist Papers is?

The Federalist Papers is America's contribution to literature on constitutional democracy and federalism. The Federalist Papers concern the interpretation of the American Constitution and the intent of the framers of the Constitution.

Must a judge use the Framers interpretation of the US Constitution in ruling in a case?

No. There are a number of theories of constitutional interpretation, of which Originalism is just one. Many justices believe in theories that support the concept of a Living Constitution, or one that evolves to fit the needs of society.

What are the constitutional common sense?

Constitutional common sense refers to fundamental principles or beliefs that align with the core values and intentions of a constitution. These may include principles such as equal rights, justice, democratic governance, and the rule of law, which are widely accepted as essential components of a constitutional system. Constitutional common sense helps guide the interpretation and application of the constitution in a manner that upholds these foundational principles.

Do courts make the final determination on issues involving constitutional interpretation?

Yes, the courts interpret the Constitution. The Supreme Court of the United States, specifically, makes the final determination about how the Constitution should be interpreted.

What kind of interpretation of the constitution do federalists favor?

They favored strict interpretation of the Constitution.

Did the centralist favor strict interpretation of the constitution or did the decentralists favor strict interpretation?

Decentralists favored a strict interpretation of the Constitution.

What is purposivism?

It is an approach to statutory and constitutional interpretation under which common law courts interpret an enactment (that is, a statute, a part of a statute, or a clause of a constitution) in light of the purpose for which it was enacted.

What kinds of laws must conform to the US Constitution?

Constitutional Laws (Body of law derived from a country's written constitution. It lays down and guides the duties and powers of the government) (US is the body of law governing the interpretation and implementation)

What is purposivism psychology?

It is an approach to statutory and constitutional interpretation under which common law courts interpret an enactment (that is, a statute, a part of a statute, or a clause of a constitution) in light of the purpose for which it was enacted.