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The decision in Marbury v. Madison, 5 US 137 (1803) is often credited with establishing the doctrine of "judicial review," which is the Supreme Court's power to evaluate laws and declare them unconstitutional. If the Court finds a law unconstitutional, it is nullified.

Further Information:

Most people believe the 1803 case of Marbury v. Madisonwas the first instance of judicial review, but this is not true. This case was the first that determined an act of Congress (Section 13 of the Judiciary Act of 1789) was unconstitutional, and set a precedent that increased the power of the Judicial branch. Judicial review is actually an old English common law doctrine that US courts put into practice early in the nation's history.

The first recorded instance of the Supreme Court exercising judicial review occurred in the 1796 case of Hylton v. United States, 3 U.S. 171 (1796). In this case, the court determined a carriage tax did not violate Article I, Section 9 of the Constitution because it was not a direct tax on the population.

Because the Court overturned the lower court decision and affirmed the constitutionality of the the carriage tax, Hylton v. United States is not typically cited as an example of judicial review.

The confusion arises from the doctrine of "judicial review" being closely associated with a ruling declaring a law unconstitutional.

For more in-depth information on Marbury v. Madison, see Related Links, below.

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the court case that established the principle of judicial review is Marbury vs. Madison

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Q: Which court case established the principle of judicial review?
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Related questions

What is judicial review and what court case established this principle?

Marbury vs. MadisonJohn Marshall


What constitutional provision or court case established the principle of judicial review?

Marbury vs. Madison


The principle established by chief justice marshall in a famous case that the supreme court can declare laws unconstitutional?

Judicial Review


What court case set up the concept of judicial review?

John Marshall established the principle of judicial review in Marbury v. Madison.


What was one outcome of the supreme court decision in marbury v madison 1803?

the principle of judicial review was established


Federalist Supreme Court justice whose brilliant legal efforts established the principle of judicial review?

Samuel Chase


What was the decision of the Supreme Court in Marbury vs. Madison?

Marbury vs Madison established the principle of "judicial review."Judicial review says the Supreme Court can decide on whether laws passed by Congress and signed by the President are constitutional.


What court case established the courts of judicial review?

Marbury v. Madison is the Supreme Court case that established the precedent of judicial review. John Marshall was the Chief Justice of the court.


How did the Marshall court interpret the constitutional in its rulings?

The principle of judicial review.


How did the Marshall court interpret the constitution in its ruling's?

The principle of judicial review.


How did the Marshall court interpret the Constitution in rulings?

The principle of judicial review.


How did the Marshall court interpret the constitution in it rulings?

The principle of judicial review.