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Both the US Supreme Court and the US District Courts share original jurisdiction over cases involving foreign diplomats; however, Congress has decided to allow the US District Courts to exercise original jurisdiction in this area. The Supreme Court may choose to hear these cases, but does not.

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10y ago

The Federal Courts were the courts that originally had jurisdiction in the cases involving the foreign dignitaries. This is where people who felt aggrieved were directed.

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Q: Which court had original jurisdiction in cases involving foreign dignitaries?
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What statement best defines the original jurisdiction of the US Supreme Court?

Article III of the Constitution describes the class of cases the Supreme Court may hear under original jurisdiction, but Congress determined whether the Supreme Court's original jurisdiction was shared or exclusive. Currently, the Supreme Court only exercises exclusive, original jurisdiction over disputes between the states. Cases involving ambassadors and other other foreign dignitaries are first heard in US District Court.


The Supreme Court shall have original jurisdiction for cases involving which officials?

According to Article III, Section 2 of the Constitution, the US Supreme Court has original jurisdiction over cases:affecting ambassadors and other public ministers and consulsdisputes between the states (original and exclusive jurisdiction, see 28 U.S.C. § 1251)Currently, the US Supreme Court only exercises original jurisdiction in disputes between the states; per 28 USC § 1251, the Court has concurrent original jurisdiction with the US District Courts over cases involving ambassadors. Congress allocated original jurisdiction over cases involving foreign officials to the US District Courts, because the Supreme Court does not have original and exclusive jurisdiction. Original jurisdiction is shared with the US District Courts.In all other cases the Supreme Court has appellate jurisdiction.


The supreme court shall have original jurisdiction in what three areas?

The Supreme Court has jurisdiction over all actions involving foreign state parties. In addition, it has jurisdiction over all controversies between a State and the United States, and it has jurisdiction over proceedings by a State against aliens or citizens of another State.


What are two types of cases that the Federal and Supreme Courts may hear?

Civil and Criminal. The US Supreme Court only has appellate jurisdiction over cases heard in federal District and Circuit Courts.Or you may mean cases of original jurisdiction (trial) and appellate jurisdiction (appeals).The only cases the US Supreme Court still has exclusive, mandatory original jurisdiction over are disputes between the states. The Court also has the option of hearing cases involving ambassadors under original jurisdiction, but is more likely to remand the case to US District Court for trial.[Note: The educational packets that claim the Supreme Court exercises original (trial) jurisdiction over cases involving ambassadors and foreign dignitaries is partially incorrect. Pursuant to 28 USC § 1251(b)(1) (federal law, 1978*).] The US Supreme Court has original, but not exclusive, jurisdiction over such cases:(a) The Supreme Court shall have original and exclusivejurisdiction of all controversies between two or more States.(b) The Supreme Court shall have original but not exclusivejurisdiction of:(1) All actions or proceedings to which ambassadors, otherpublic ministers, consuls, or vice consuls of foreign states areparties;(2) All controversies between the United States and a State;(3) All actions or proceedings by a State against the citizensof another State or against aliens.The US District Courts currently exercise original jurisdiction over cases involving ambassadors.*Amendment by Pub. L. 95-393 effective at the end of the ninety-day period beginning on Sept. 30, 1978, see section 9 of Pub. L.95-393, set out as an Effective Date note under section 254a of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse.For more information, see Related Questions, below.


The case in which court must be based on either the constitution or an act of congress?

Yes and no. Cases heard under appellate jurisdiction must involve questions of federal or constitutional law.The Court also hears cases involving disputes between states and certain matters involving foreign dignitaries under its original jurisdiction, so it's not entirely accurate to say all cases must be based on the federal legislation or the US Constitution, although most are.For more detailed information, see Related Questions, below.

Related questions

What are the exclusive powers original jurisdiction of the supreme supreme court?

In all cases in which a State shall be a party.The have original jurisdiction over cases involving ambassadors and other foreign dignitaries, but not exclusive original jurisdiction. Those case are currently tried by the US District Courts.The Supreme Court also has the power of judicial review, which is to dclare a law or act of Congress or the President to be unconsitutional.


What are the exclusive powers of the suprem court?

In all cases in which a State shall be a party.The have original jurisdiction over cases involving ambassadors and other foreign dignitaries, but not exclusive original jurisdiction. Those case are currently tried by the US District Courts.The Supreme Court also has the power of judicial review, which is to dclare a law or act of Congress or the President to be unconsitutional.


What statement best defines the original jurisdiction of the US Supreme Court?

Article III of the Constitution describes the class of cases the Supreme Court may hear under original jurisdiction, but Congress determined whether the Supreme Court's original jurisdiction was shared or exclusive. Currently, the Supreme Court only exercises exclusive, original jurisdiction over disputes between the states. Cases involving ambassadors and other other foreign dignitaries are first heard in US District Court.


Why do you think the supreme court has original jurisdiction in special kinds of cases?

because does have original jurisdiction over a few special kinds of cases.these include cases involving representatives of foreign governments and disputes between state governments.


The Supreme Court shall have original jurisdiction for cases involving which officials?

According to Article III, Section 2 of the Constitution, the US Supreme Court has original jurisdiction over cases:affecting ambassadors and other public ministers and consulsdisputes between the states (original and exclusive jurisdiction, see 28 U.S.C. § 1251)Currently, the US Supreme Court only exercises original jurisdiction in disputes between the states; per 28 USC § 1251, the Court has concurrent original jurisdiction with the US District Courts over cases involving ambassadors. Congress allocated original jurisdiction over cases involving foreign officials to the US District Courts, because the Supreme Court does not have original and exclusive jurisdiction. Original jurisdiction is shared with the US District Courts.In all other cases the Supreme Court has appellate jurisdiction.


What are adjectives in The hotel caters to foreign dignitaries?

Foreign is the adjective in the sentence "The hotel caters to foreign dignitaries." The word "foreign" modifies the noun "dignitaries."


What is the main duty of the suprem court?

The main duty of the US Supreme Court is to interpret law and the Constitution.While the Court is head of the Judicial Branch of government, it doesn't typically play a direct, day-to-day leadership role within the federal court system.The Supreme Court may exercise original jurisdiction in cases affecting ambassadors and other diplomats, and in cases in which a state is a party.* However, in all other cases, except those expressly prohibited by Congress, the Court has only appellate jurisdiction.[* While the Supreme Court has original jurisdiction over cases involving ambassadors and other foreign dignitaries, the jurisdiction is shared with the US District Courts, which tries these cases. The Court has original and exclusive jurisdiction over disputes between the states.]


What are the nouns in the sentence The hotel caters to foreign dignitaries?

The nouns in the sentence are: hotel and dignitaries.


The supreme court shall have original jurisdiction in what three areas?

The Supreme Court has jurisdiction over all actions involving foreign state parties. In addition, it has jurisdiction over all controversies between a State and the United States, and it has jurisdiction over proceedings by a State against aliens or citizens of another State.


In which courts are cases involving ambassadors tried?

AnswerUsually in US District Court, although the US Supreme Court may exercise its discretion to hear cases involving ambassadors under original jurisdiction.ExplanationArticle III, Section 2, Paragraph 2 of the US Constitution explicitly granted the US Supreme Court original jurisdiction over cases involving ambassadors and other foreign dignitaries:"In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, and those in which a state shall be party, the Supreme Court shall have original jurisdiction. In all the other cases before mentioned, the Supreme Court shall have appellate jurisdiction, both as to law and fact, with such exceptions, and under such regulations as the Congress shall make."The Constitution granted the Supreme Court originaljurisdiction, but allowed Congress to determine whether the jurisdiction would be exclusive or shared.Congress required the Supreme Court to exercise exclusive jurisdiction over cases involving ambassadors until 1978 when they amended Federal law (28 USC § 1251) to allow US District Courts to hold concurrent original jurisdiction over these cases (Public Law 95-393).The Supreme Court has discretion to conduct the trial itself, or to remand the case to US District Court for disposition.28 USC § 1251. Original jurisdiction(a) The Supreme Court shall have original and exclusive jurisdiction of all controversies between two or more States.(b) The Supreme Court shall have original but not exclusive jurisdiction of:(1) All actions or proceedings to which ambassadors, other public ministers, consuls, or vice consuls of foreign states are parties;(2) All controversies between the United States and a State;(3) All actions or proceedings by a State against the citizens of another State or against aliens.For more information, see Related Questions, below.


Is the us supreme court a trial court?

Not really, although there are a few exceptions. The US Supreme Court hears most cases under its appellate (appeals) jurisdiction; however, the Constitution grants the Court original (trial) jurisdiction over disputes between the states and cases involving ambassadors and other foreign dignitaries (the latter are currently tried in US District Court), so there is a limited class of cases that may be "tried" in the Supreme Court. Nevertheless, the Supreme Court is not considered a "federal trial court."


Do federal courts have original jurisdiction?

Yes. Original jurisdiction means the court is first to hear a case; these are often called trial courts. Appellate jurisdiction means the court reviews a case already tried in a lower court to determine whether the law and constitution were properly applied. The Supreme Court has original and exclusive jurisdiction over disputes between the states. Under the Constitution, the Court also has original jurisdiction in cases involving ambassadors and other foreign dignitaries, but it shares jurisdiction with the US District Courts, which currently hear those cases. The Supreme Court has appellate jurisdiction over cases involving preserved federal questions from both state and federal courts. A "federal question" means the case involves matters related to federal or constitutional law or US treaties. "Preserved" means the "federal question" has been raised at the trial and each stage of the appeals process.