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The elected president must resign his position in the senate causing a vacancy as occurs if a senator dies in office or resigns for any reason. What happens next depends upon the state legislature of the affected state. According to the 17th Amendment the state legislature can direct the governor to appoint someone to temporarily serve as senator until an election can be held or else leave the office open until an election can be held. The exact timing of the election is left to the legislature.

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Q: Who becomes Us senator if a sitting senator is elected president?
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How many seats in the US Senate?

There are one hundred senators, two from each state in the union. If you include the President of the Senate, who is not an elected senator but who is the sitting vice president of the US, you could say there are 101 seats. The President of the Senate can break a tie vote.

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Robert "Bobby" Kennedy was shot by Sirhan Sirhan as a sitting Senator while trying to secure the Democratic nomination for President.

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As many times as his constituents want to re-elect him. The longest serving senator Robert Byrd had been elected to the senate 9 times and served 51 years 176 days. Patrick Leahy is presently the longest sitting Senator, elected 7 times and serving over 37 years to date, replacing Daniel Inouye of Hawaii (recently deceased) as the longest sitting senator, who had been elected 9 times and served almost 50 years.

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