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Roman men considered that they had sworn an oath if they held their testicles in their hands while swearing. This included the oath to tell the truth before giving testimony in court. Only real men, in swearing on their potency, were expected to tell the truth. The evidence of women and eunuchs was not believed under the law because they could not be fully trusted. The truth could not be expected or known by those who did not possess testicles. Roman culture was phallocentric. Possession of the truth was more assured if one had testicles. Access to logic and command of knowledge was favoured if one had a phallus and, with it, testicles.

It has been suggested that the words testimony and testify originate from testicles. However, they come from test, which means witness, the one who stands by.

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2013-04-04 13:00:34
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Q: Did a man swear on his testicles in ancient roman courts?
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In ancient Rome what did a man swear on to testify?

Seriously I am not making this up but in ancient rome when a man would testify in court he would swear on his testicles. I don't know why but I know that's what they used to do.

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Swearing on a Bible is a quite modern concept. A Roman man (women could not go to court except in very special circumstances) placed his right hand on his testicles, while swearing by the gods he believed in, and affirmed he would tell the truth; hence the term 'testimony'.

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They swear to tell the truth and only the truth. In the Islamic courts Muslims prefer to swear on the Qur'an because they are aware that there is no greater a judge than Allah Almighty Himself Who is forever watching over us and we are solely and entirely answerable to Him.

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