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The Roman Empire was united by many things, such as a common language, a common sense of duty to the state (which was often displayed through military service). The Roman Empire was not always an Empire. It was previously a Republic governed by the Roman citizens through the institution of the Senate. However after Julius Caesaer's assassination the Republic descended into a civil war. Caesar's nephew Octavian Caesar (later Augustus Caesar) won the civil war and founded the Roman Empire. The Roman Empire was a pagan Empire whose people worshipped various planets like the Jupiter, Mars and so on. The Roman Empire was always forged with the help of military might. It included multivariate races such as the Jews, Christians, Gauls, Teutons etc. With time the Empire became so huge that it had to be split into two parts- The Western and Eastern Roman Empires. The was governed from Rome while the East was governed from Athens. Soon this system failed as the East and West both descended into full civil war. Emperor Contantine was the first Roman Emperor to adopt Christianity. Ultimately he won the war and unified the Roman Empires into one strong Empire. He also built a new city-Constantinople which became the new capital. Gradually the entire Roman world inspired by Emperor Constantine converted into Christianity thus unifying the Roman Empire both politically and culturally.

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13y ago
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10y ago

What tied the Roman Empire together during the Pax Romana was the legacy of Augustus, who created its preconditions. By establishing absolute rule by the emperor, he ensured that the ruler had a tight grip on the central government and politics. The central government of the Late Republic had lost control over the provinces (conquered territories) whose governors treated them as their personal fiefs.

Augustus also managed to gain control over the legions stationed in the provinces. In the Late Republic military commanders could use military violence or the threat of it to obtain what they wanted. The leaders of the civil wars which brought down the Republic could levy legions as they pleased. Now the army was under the control of the emperor. One of the elements which ended the Pax Romana was the return of military commander mustering their armies for their ends or to seize power, rebellions by legions in the provinces and men being proclaimed emperor by their troops.

Augustus reigned in on corruption, which in the Late Republic had become rampant and created an efficient imperial administration controlled by the emperor. In particular, he created paid professionals who were imperial employees as tax collectors in the provinces. During the republic this job was tendered to private individuals. These practiced "tax farming." This term refers to being harsh in tax collection to raise more money that required by the state to line one's pockets. This created an unnecessary burden on the provincials, unfairness and, needless to say, a great deal of resentment. Augustus also ensured that taxation levels would not be detrimental to the economy.

Therefore, Augustus created what the Pax Romana was about: relative political stability. This stability was the basis of the empire being tied together. It enabled the integration of the provinces into an empire which became a cohesive political and economic unit. Economic factors were also important.

Augustus was very active in promoting trade. He created a framework favourable to it and promoted an increase in agricultural and manufacturing production so that more goods could be traded. The clearest example was Egypt, which became the breadbasket of the empire. Privatization of ownership of land and workshops was promoted to increase production and trade. Canals in disrepair were repaired and new ones were built to increase irrigation and the amount of cultivable land. Taxation was lowered (under the previous regime of the Ptolemies it was too high). Greater monetisation also contributed to an increase in production and trade. The use of coins increased. The Roman currency also created an empire-wide means of exchange which helped the development of thriving trading networks throughout the empire. The building on new roads, bridges and ports also helped this. Trade promoted economic and cultural interchange between the peoples of the provinces, their integration into the imperial system and greater cultural homogeneity. Augustus also promoted trade beyond the empire. Egypt became the base for trade with Ethiopia and the seaborne trade with India via the Red Sea. Syria and Turkey were the endpoint of the Silk Road to China via Persia.

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12y ago

Becouse the Pax Romana was the Romans empires reign Was marked with beginning of it it.It was known as the "Peace of Rome" This meant no major wars and the conquered people living under it enjoyed the living of Rome.It began at the reign of Augustus and lasted for roughly 200 years.From 27 B.C to 180 A.D. It stabilized itself internally by developing its legal system and its infrastructure the Civil war stopped and focused in expansion.

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11y ago

The peace after the final civil war of the republic between Antony and Octavian was what brought about the Pax Romana. It was helped along by the wise and long rule of Octavian/Augustus.

The peace after the final civil war of the republic between Antony and Octavian was what brought about the Pax Romana. It was helped along by the wise and long rule of Octavian/Augustus.

The peace after the final civil war of the republic between Antony and Octavian was what brought about the Pax Romana. It was helped along by the wise and long rule of Octavian/Augustus.

The peace after the final civil war of the republic between Antony and Octavian was what brought about the Pax Romana. It was helped along by the wise and long rule of Octavian/Augustus.

The peace after the final civil war of the republic between Antony and Octavian was what brought about the Pax Romana. It was helped along by the wise and long rule of Octavian/Augustus.

The peace after the final civil war of the republic between Antony and Octavian was what brought about the Pax Romana. It was helped along by the wise and long rule of Octavian/Augustus.

The peace after the final civil war of the republic between Antony and Octavian was what brought about the Pax Romana. It was helped along by the wise and long rule of Octavian/Augustus.

The peace after the final civil war of the republic between Antony and Octavian was what brought about the Pax Romana. It was helped along by the wise and long rule of Octavian/Augustus.

The peace after the final civil war of the republic between Antony and Octavian was what brought about the Pax Romana. It was helped along by the wise and long rule of Octavian/Augustus.

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10y ago
Rome kept such a large empire unified through tolerance, legal protections, proving benefits, Propaganda and the army.

The Romans tolerated the religions and customs of the conquered peoples. They allowed them to continue to worship their religions, follow their customs and use their customary laws at the local level. They also let the local ruling classes run most of the local affairs. The role of the provincial governors of the provinces (conquered territories) was restricted to defence and maintenance of the legions stationed in the provinces, tax collection, public works and the arbitration of disputes the locals could not resolve by themselves. This policy had two advantages: it reduced the administrative load of the provincial governors and it facilitated the integration of the locals into the ideology and the economy of the empire. A less tolerant policy would have led to too many rebellions and would have threatened the stability of the empire.

In 225 BC the emperor Caracalla extended full Roman citizenship to all the freeborn in the Roman Empire Prior to this, the provincials, the people outside Italy who had been conquered or were under Roman influence, enjoyed the rights of jus gentium (the law of nations). Nation in the Latin was the word for ethnicity and just gentium was a sort of natural law which was regarded as "innate in every human being." The rights it conferred were considered to be held by all persons. They were based on the notion that the concept of justice sprung from the natural reason of the human mind rather than ethnicity and that they applied regardless of citizenship. Through this, the provincials enjoyed the protection of Roman civil law in their dealings with Roman citizens. Cases between Romans and non-Romans were adjudicated by the praetor peregrino, the chief justice for foreigners, who was supposed base his rulings on fairness and on Roman civil law. .

Being part of the empire also provided economic benefits and, sometimes, security. The empire developed thriving trading networks and the Romans encouraged the peoples in the provinces to increase the production of manufactures agricultural goods for trade. The wealthy and middling class benefitted from this. The exploited poor did not. The Roman legions stationed in the provinces helped with maintaining order. In the frontier areas they also provided protection from raids from across the border. The troops were also customers for local traders.

The Romans fostered an imperial ideology to help to promote as sense of affinity and uniformity among the peoples in the empire.

The Romans army was also used to suppress rebellions. The Romans were ruthless in dealing with rebellions.
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By establishing absolute rule by the emperor, Augustus ensured that the ruler had a tight grip on the central government and Roman politics. The central government of the Late Republic had lost control over the provinces (conquered territories) whose governors treated them as their personal fiefs. Augustus also created an efficient imperial administration controlled by the emperor. He reigned in on corruption, which in the Late Republic had become rampant. He created paid professionals who were imperial employees as tax collectors in the provinces. During the Republic this job was tendered to private individuals who practiced "tax farming," harsh tax collection to raise more money that required by the state to line one's pockets. This created an unnecessary burden on the provincials, unfairness and a great deal of resentment. Augustus also ensured that taxation levels would not be detrimental to the economy.

The reforms of Augustus created the conditions for what historians have called the Pax Romana, a 207-year period relative political stability in the Roman Empire. This stability was the basis of the empire being tied together. It enabled the integration of the provinces into an empire which became a cohesive political and economic unit and developed thriving trading networks which created prosperity.

Augustus was very active in promoting trade. He created a framework favourable to it and promoted an increase in agricultural and manufacturing production so that more goods could be traded. The clearest example was Egypt, which became the breadbasket of the empire. Privatization of ownership of land and workshops was promoted to increase production and trade. Canals in disrepair were repaired and new ones were built to increase irrigation and the amount of cultivable land. Taxation was lowered (under the previous regime of the Ptolemies it was too high). The use of coins increased monetisation and contributed to an increase in production and trade.

The Roman government actively encouraged private enterprise and trade throughout the empire. Low tax rates favoured private entrepreneurs. The poorer people gained their livelihood as tenants of wealthy private landlords, state-owned land or property belonging to the emperor, and they were relatively much more heavily burdened by rentals, which tended to remain at a fairly high level.

The Roman currency created an empire-wide means of exchange which helped the development of thriving trading networks throughout the empire. The building on new roads, bridges and ports also helped this. Trade promoted economic and cultural interchange between the peoples of the provinces, their integration into the imperial system and greater cultural homogeneity.

Augustus also promoted trade beyond the empire. Egypt became the base for trade with Ethiopia and the seaborne trade with India via the Red Sea. Syria and Turkey were the endpoint of the Silk Road to China via Persia.

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13y ago

Roads, language, citizenship and law all contributed to helping unite the Roman empire.

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thank you for your help
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shrek is that you

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The peace after the final civil war of the republic between Antony and Octavian was what brought about the Pax Romana. It was helped along by the wise and long rule of Octavian/Augustus.

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the legislative branch of government

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Language

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Q: How helped unite the Roman Empire?
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