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Much of the ancient learning was preserved by the Christian monks as the church leaders found nothing in them that was contrary to Christian doctrine.

Much of the ancient learning was preserved by the Christian monks as the church leaders found nothing in them that was contrary to Christian doctrine.

Much of the ancient learning was preserved by the Christian monks as the church leaders found nothing in them that was contrary to Christian doctrine.

Much of the ancient learning was preserved by the Christian monks as the church leaders found nothing in them that was contrary to Christian doctrine.

Much of the ancient learning was preserved by the Christian monks as the church leaders found nothing in them that was contrary to Christian doctrine.

Much of the ancient learning was preserved by the Christian monks as the church leaders found nothing in them that was contrary to Christian doctrine.

Much of the ancient learning was preserved by the Christian monks as the church leaders found nothing in them that was contrary to Christian doctrine.

Much of the ancient learning was preserved by the Christian monks as the church leaders found nothing in them that was contrary to Christian doctrine.

Much of the ancient learning was preserved by the Christian monks as the church leaders found nothing in them that was contrary to Christian doctrine.

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13y ago
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11y ago

In the Early and High Middle Ages Christian Europeans frowned upon anything Roman because it was regarded as pagan and barbarous. Roman buildings were quarried for building material and many Roman areas in many towns were redeveloped and disappeared.

In the Late Middle Ages there was a revival of interest in the Romans, especially in Italy where Petrarch, the father of humanism, advocated that the education of the elites should promote a civic and cultivated spirit by studying Latin literature and rhetoric. An interest in Roman art also started developing. All this culminated in the Renaissance (the "re-birth" of interest in the classics).

Roman writings had to be rediscovered. Our knowledge of the Romans was rescued by Charlemagne (reigned 800-814) who commissioned abbeys and monasteries to transcribe Roman manuscripts, many of which were scrolls. Humanistic scholars travelled around the abbeys and monasteries of Europe to "re-discover" these manuscripts.

In the eastern part of the Roman Empire/Byzantine Empire knowledge of the "eastern" Romans and the Greeks was preserved. Knowledge of the Greek "returned" to Western Europe with the fall of Constantinople which was captured by the Ottoman Turks in 1453. Many Greek scholars fled to Western Europe, particularly Italy, and taught Greek and the Greek classics, especially philosophy. In the west hardly anybody could read Greek and philosophy was dominated by theology. St Thomas Aquinas (13th century) had used Aristotle to formulate is theology, but apart from that Greek philosophy was largely ignored.

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In the eastern empire - Byzantine Empire, then The Arab caliphates.

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Much of the ancient learning was preserved by the Christian monks as the church leaders found nothing in them that was contrary to Christian doctrine.

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Q: Why was much of Greek and Roman knowledge lost in the former western empire?
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What was the difference between the eastern and western empire?

The differences between the Eastern Empire and Western Empire is their languages and foods they eat. The Western Empire spoke Italian. A Eastern spoke Greek.


What empire lasted almost 1000 years after splitting from the western roman empire?

For the Romans it was the Roman Empire. This is how the Romans called it, they had no other terms. Historians have invented the terms Eastern Roman Empire for the eastern part and Western Roman Empire for the western part. Byzantine Empire has been coined in reference to the eastern part of the empire after the fall of the west. The word Byzantine is derived from Byzantium, the Greek city which was later turned into Constantinople. It had been chosen to highlight the fact that within just over a century after the fall of the west it assumed a Greek character. Greek replaced Latin as the official language of this empire in 620.


What was the Eastern Roman Empire known also as?

The Eastern Roman Empire is known as Byzantine Empire. However, this is a term which had been coined by historians. So are the term Eastern Roman Empire and Western Roman Empire. The Romans had only one term: Roman Empire. Historians use the term Byzantine Empire to indicate the eastern part of the Roman Empire after the fall of the western part of the Roman Empire. The Romans did not use this term, they called it Roman Empire or Romania (this referred to this empire and not the country which was later called Romania). The term Byzantine is derived from Byzantium, the Greek city which was redeveloped, turned into the imperial capital of the eastern part of the Roman Empire and renamed Constantinople by emperor Constantine the Great in 330. It is used to indicate the fact that not long after the fall of the western part, this empire became centred on Greece and Greek in character after it lost most of its non-Greek territories. Greek replaced Latin as the official language of this empire in 620, some 150 years after the fall of the west


What was the state religion of the Eastern Roman Empire circa 1300?

The religion of the former eastern part of the Roman Empire in 1300 was Orthodox Christianity. It had been so since the Edict of Thessalonica on 380, except that at that time it was called Greek of Eastern Christianity. Edict of Thessalonica made mainstream Christianity (Latin or Western Christianity and Greek or Eastern Christianity) the sole legitimate religion of the Roman Empire. Its purpose t was to ban dissident Christian doctrines, which were branded as heretic. The main target was Arian Christianity, which was popular around the empire. At that time the Latin/Western church and the Greek/Eastern Church, were the main churches of the western and eastern part of the empire respectively. They were two branches of one church which was called Catholic Church and they both subscribed to the Nicene Creed, a particular interpretation of the trinity Later these two churches spit and came to be called Catholic and Orthodox respectively. Western Roman Empire and Eastern Roman Empire are terms which have been coined by historians. The Romans did not use them. The said Roman Empire. Historians have also coined the term Byzantine Empire to indicate the eastern part of the Roman Empire after the fall of the western part in the late 5th century. The Romans did not use this term, either. They called it Roman Empire or Romania (this referred to this empire and not the country which was later called Romania).


One reason the Byzantine Empire outlived the Western Roman Empire was that?

It's the matter of Authorities' strength. The Western World was blown up from inside, there was no just one great ruler. Barbarian kingdoms within Western Empire started to rise up against Rome. Also the role of Bishops of the City of Rome (Popes) increased, when Emperors' position were sloping down. The Eastern World was internally consolidated due to the Islamic thread. One strong emperor was not merely sign of state power but also, not officially, a head of the Eastern Orthodox Church.

Related questions

What was the difference between the eastern and western empire?

The differences between the Eastern Empire and Western Empire is their languages and foods they eat. The Western Empire spoke Italian. A Eastern spoke Greek.


What is the connection between the Orthodox church and the Roman empire?

When Christianity spread around the Roman Empire it developed two main churches; Eastern part Greek and Western or Latin. The former was the main church in the eastern part of the empire and the latter the main one in the western part. Later they came to be called Orthodox and Catholic respectively.


What did ancient greek thinkers emphasize?

The ancient Greek masters outlined the importance of empiricism and rationalism in the quest for knowledge. They believed that while the former propounds the genius of practical knowledge, rationalism interrogated knowledge as a matter of reason.


What influence did rome have on your religions?

The Romans have given us Christianity. This religion originated in Judea, which was part of the Roman Empire and then spread though this empire. It evolved into two main forms, which were called Latin/western Christianity and Greek/eastern Christianity. The former was the main form of Christianity in the western part of the empire and the latter was the main form in the eastern part of the empire. Later they came to be called Catholic and Orthodox respectively.


Why was the fall of Rome a factor in the decline of the influence of Greek culture?

The fall of the western part of the Roman Empire was a factor in the decline in the influence of Greek culture in western Europe. The Romans were deeply Hellenised (influenced by the Greeks). Their art became Greco-Roman and they adopted Greek medicine and two schools of Greek philosophy. After the fall of the western part of the empire Christian western Europeans begun to look on the Romans as pagans and rejected Roman culture and through this knowledge of Greek culture also disappeared. This did only apply to the eastern part of the Roman Empire. It was not affected by the invasions by the Germanic peoples which led to the fall of the west and continued to exist for nearly 1,000 years. Historians use the term Byzantine Empire to indicate the eastern part after the fall of the western part. The people in question did not know this term and called their empire Roman Empire. After the fall of the west, this part of the empire became Greek in character. It preserved ancient Greek learning. When Constantinople (the Byzantine capital) fell to the Turks in the 15th century, Byzantine scholars fled to Italy and reintroduced ancient Greek learning in western Europe.


What Roman Empire Studied Christianity?

There was only one Roman Empire. Moreover, the Roman Empire did not study Christianity. An empire cannot study. The Roman Empire was where Christianity spread from Judea (which was a part of the Roman province of Syria). Both Catholic and Orthodox Christianity developed in the Roman Empire. Originally the were called Latin or Western Christianity and Greek or Eastern Christianity respectively. The former was the dominant form of Christianity in the western part of the Roman Empire and the latter was the dominant form of Christianity in the eastern part of this empire. There were also dissident Christian doctrines and sects.


Was the fall of rome before the rise of christanity?

No it was not. Christianity is a lagacy if he Romans. It developed during the Roman days and became the state religion of the Roman Empire. By the time of the fall of the western part of the Roman Empire (the eastern part of the Roman Empire continued to exist for nearly 1,000 years) the Catholic and the Orthodox churches had already developed. Their original names were Latin or Western Church and Greek or Eastern Church respectively. The former was the main form of Christianity in the western part of the empire and the latter was the main form of Christianity in the eastern part.


What empire lasted almost 1000 years after splitting from the western roman empire?

For the Romans it was the Roman Empire. This is how the Romans called it, they had no other terms. Historians have invented the terms Eastern Roman Empire for the eastern part and Western Roman Empire for the western part. Byzantine Empire has been coined in reference to the eastern part of the empire after the fall of the west. The word Byzantine is derived from Byzantium, the Greek city which was later turned into Constantinople. It had been chosen to highlight the fact that within just over a century after the fall of the west it assumed a Greek character. Greek replaced Latin as the official language of this empire in 620.


Why was the byzantine stronger than the western roman empire?

The Byzantine Empire was not stronger than the "Western" Roman Empire. "Byzantine Empire" is a term which has been coined to denote the eastern part of the Roman Empire AFTER the fall of the western part of the Roman Empire. Therefore, by definition, it could not have been stronger than the western Roman Empire. The eastern part of the Roman Empire was not stronger than the western part of this empire either. The western part fell under the strain of the invasions by the Germanic peoples. The eastern part was not affected by these invasions and that is why if continued to exist (for nearly 100 years). The so-called "Byzantine Empire" was a continuation of the Roman Empire. The term Byzantine was coined by a German historian in the 16th century in relation to the history of the eastern part of the Roman Empire after the fall of the western part of this empire (Historia Byzantina). The western part of the Roman empire fell under the strain of the invasions by the Germanic peoples. The eastern part was not affected by these invasions and continued to exist for nearly 1,000 years. The terms Byzantine and Byzantine Empire became common in Western Europe in the 19th century. The people in question did not know these terms and called their empire Roman Empire or Empire of the Romans (Imperium Romanum or Imperium Romanorum in Latin and Basileia ton Rhomaion or Arche ton Rhomaion in Greek), or Roman Realm (Romania in Latin and Rhomania in Greek). The term Byzantine is derived from Byzantium, the Greek city which was redeveloped, turned into Constantine the Great's imperial capital and renamed after himself as Constantinople (City of Constantine) in 330. It is used to indicate the fact that not long after the fall of the west, this empire became centred on Greece and Greek in character after it lost most of its non-Greek territories. Greek replaced Latin as the official language of this empire in 620, some 150 years after the fall of the west.


Why was the fall of Roman a factor int eh decline of the influence of Greek culture?

No it was not. Greek culture persisted. What fell was the western part of the Roman Empire which crumbled under the weight of the Germanic invasions. The eastern part of the Roman Empire was not affected by these invasions and continued to exist for another 1,000 years. This part of the empire was centred on Greece and became Greek in character after it lost most of its non-Greek territories. Greek replaced Latin as the official language of this empire in 620, some 140 years after the fall of the western part of the Roman Empire. Because of this historians have coined the term Byzantine Empire for the eastern part of the Roman Empire after the fall of the western part of the Roman Empire. The term Byzantine is derived from Byzantium, the Greek city which was redeveloped, turned into the imperial capital of the eastern part of the Roman Empire and renamed Constantinople by emperor Constantine the Great in 330. Constantinople continued to be the capital during the Byzantine period.


What was the official language of the Roman Empire?

The official language in the western Roman Empire was Latin. Latin was also the official language of the eastern part of the Roman Empire, together with Greek. This was because it was the language of the Romans.


In what way did the emperors of eastern roman empire differ from the emperors of the western roman empire?

There was no such thing as an eastern Roman Empire and a western Roman empire. It was a Roman empire. Period. Historians are the only ones who denote eastern and western, but they do this for clarity when speaking about certain sections or aspects of ancient Rome. Now, as for comparison between the eastern and western sections of the empire, the eastcrn section was wealthier than the western and consequently lasted longer than the western section and the eastern section was more heavily influenced by the Greek culture than the western part.