Civil War ABC Book Letters

Updated: 8/19/2023
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A. African Americans were used for hard labor. This act of controlling African Americans for labor was called slavery. Since slavery was banned in the north and was needed for the agricultural economy in the south, conflicts resulted between the two groups.

B. Battles are what the Civil War consisted mostly of. Some were small with few casualties while some were huge and killed hundreds. Some of these battles include: The Battle of Gettysburg, The Seven Days Battle, The Battle of Chickamauga, The Battle of Shiloh, and The Battle of Fort Sumter.

C. Confederates were another name for the southern region in the war. They supported slavery because it was needed for their agriculture based economy. They needed slaves to work the fields for cotton, tobacco, rice, and other agricultural products.

D. Draft riots occurred first in the civil war. The south was the first to begin drafting citizens closely followed by the north. Once chosen for drafting, you had three choices: Pay a fee of 300$ to be exempt from a particular battle, Replace yourself with someone else to be exempt for the whole war, or go into the war yourself. Since most people didn't have the money to be exempt, they used their slaves to replace them. This caused draft riots.

E. Emancipation Proclamation was an executive order issued by Abraham Lincoln during the civil war. This freed 3.1 million of the nation's 4 million slaves. 50,000 of them were freed on the spot while the rest of them were also free; they had to serve in the union militia.

F. Fort Sumter is the famous grounds of the Battle of Fort Sumter occurring on April 12th and 13th of 1861. First, it was controlled by the union until they surrendered it to the confederates while they were under fire. This major battle signifies the beginning of the Civil War.

G. Gettysburg, Pennsylvania was the famous location where the turning point of the war occurred. This battle occurred between July 1st through July 3rd in 1863.The confederate troops suffered a great loss during this battle that cost them the war. After this battle, it was evident to both sides who had won the civil war.
H. Hardtack was a simple biscuit or cracker used as food during the Civil War. It was a popular choice because it was inexpensive and long-lasting. Hardtack consisted of mostly flour, water, and sometimes salt. A downside of hardtack was that they commonly housed worms.

I. Illness was a major problem during the civil war. Some illnesses include: Malaria, Scurvy, Rheumatic Fever, and many others. There were more deaths from spread infections and diseases than from the actual war. These diseases were usually treated with either laxative for fever and amputation for infection or gunshot wounds.

J. Jefferson Davis was the elected president of the confederate states during the civil war. Prior to this, he was a U.S. senator representing the state of Mississippi. He believed that all states had a right to secede from the Union, making him the perfect leader of the confederates.

K. Kansas Nebraska Act of 1854 gave each individual state the right to vote to either allow slavery or abolish it. This act was meant to ease tension between the north and south but instead, it was a leading cause for the civil war. This act led to bloodshed between Kansas and Missouri due to voters moving between those states to change the slavery status of them.

L. Laxatives were a commonly used medication during the civil war. Since there was little medical knowledge during this time, laxatives were used to treat most fevers. Usually, they didn't treat the illness at all and the patients would die.

M. Malaria was one of the killing diseases of the civil war. It was more of a problem for southern soldiers, since it is a more tropical disease. Malaria is carried by mosquitoes and injected when bitten by a mosquito. Symptoms include: fever, headache, and in more severe cases a coma or death.

N. Northern states, or the union, opposed the southern states in the war. They believed that slavery was wrong and should be abolished from the nation. Also, since their economy was based more on industry than agriculture, they didn't need slaves as much as the south did.

O. Oak Grove was another important battle of the civil war. It was considered to be the first of the seven days battles. This battle took place on June 25, 1862 and ended with about 1000 casualties from both the Union and the Confederates.

P. Presidential Election of 1864 occurred during the Civil War. It was Lincoln's re-election as president and his opposing candidate was his former civil war general, George B. McClellan. Since the confederates had seceded from the union prior to this election, only the northern states could vote in it.

Q. Quantrill's Raiders were a loosely organized group that fought in the civil war. They fought under the leadership of William Clarke Quantrill for the Confederates. They have held their name "Quantrill's Raiders" long after the Civil War, when the members would have reunions together.

R. Rifles were the most commonly used weapon for both the Union and the Confederates. They had a basic design and were usually loaded with a small lead ball and black powder. These rifles were not very powerful and only killed when shot in vital areas of the body.

S. Starvation was a major problem for both the northern and the Southern states. Food was scarce and when it was available it was eaten quickly. Also, the lack of food weakened the soldiers body's making them more prone to illnesses and diseases.

T. Tobacco was very popular among soldiers during the civil war. At night after their day of fighting their enemy, they would relax and smoke cigarettes. After the war, soldiers found that they could not stop smoking them. They became life-long smokers from the war and continued buying cigarettes from cigarette companies. Tobacco became popular nationwide because of the civil war.

U. Union was another name for the northern states in the Civil War. They were against slavery thinking that it was abusive to the right of human beings. They fought the pro-slavery confederates who believed that slavery was a necessary and appropriate part of life.

V. Vicksburg, Mississippi was another important battle in the Civil War. This battle

occurred from May 18th to July 4th in 1863. It was the final major military action in the Vicksburg campaign.

W. Weaponry was used to cause the opponent to surrender due to loss of troops. These weapons included edged weapons such as knives and swords and firearms such as handguns and rifled-muskets. All wars including the civil war are based upon weaponry and which side of the war has the upper hand.

X. X-slaves were what slaves became after the civil war. The Union believed that slavery should be abolished from the United States and since they won the war they did that. All slaves that were currently in service to a white man were freed and the disputes over slavery were over.

Y. Yankee was one of the nicknames given to the Union. These nicknames were issued by the union's opponent, The Confederates. Another nickname for the Union was Yanks or Blue Bellies.

Z. Zuccess(Success) was the final status of the union after the last battle of the civil war. They beat the confederates and won the war. Most importantly, though, they abolished slavery from the United States of America.

This is the entire Civil War ABC Book with 3 sent. paragraphs if you need that 2.


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B: Boston Massacre, Boston tea party, Boston, Battles....

C: Cornwallis

D: Delaware River crossing

E: England

F: French & Indian war

G: guerrilla war fare

H: Hancock, John

I: intolerable acts

J: Thomas Jefferson

K: King George III

L: Lexington, a battle place

M: Minutemen

N: Nathan Hale

O: Olive Branch petition

P: Paine, Thomas or Paul Revere (see letter R)

Q: quartering act

R: Revere, Paul, made a daring ride to warn colonists of British

S: Saratoga, Battle

T: Thomas Jefferson, Thomas Paine

U: United states, Union

V: Valley forge

W: Washington, George was commander of the continental army and became the first President of the United States

X: Xavier Cathedral

Y: Yorktown, Surrender

Z: John Peter Zenger

I'm doing a project like this too! I hope i helped! i got most of this from the previous answer.

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12y ago

A-Arnold, Benedict; Adams, Samuel

B-Battle of Bunker Hill/Boston Tea Party; Battle of Saratoga

C-Continental Congress

D-Declaration of Independence


F-Fort Ticonderoga; French and Indian War

G-Gage, Thomas/Gates, Horatio; George Washington

H-Hessians; Hancock, John

I-Iroquois Confederacy; intolerable acts

J-John Paul Jones; John Adams

K-King George III

L-General Lafayette; lexington and concord

M-Minutemen; Boston massacre

N-Nathaneal Greene; neccesity, fort

O-Oriskany; of liberty, sons

P-Paine, Thomas; proclamation of 1763

Q-Quebec; quartering act

R-Revere, Paul

S-Saratoga/Stamp Act

T-Tun Tavern; tea party, Boston

U-United States; unorderly

V-Valley Forge; Virginia

W-Washington, George; wheatley, phillis

X- Xaviar Cathedral(soldiers weere buried there); taX


Z-Zane Betty Elizibeth, zeal

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13y ago

The ABC of the American Revolution

A: Anglican, Abstain, and America

B: British, Benjamin Franklin, and Boston Tea Party

C: Contintal Congress, Connecticut, Cash Crops

D: Delaware, Declaration of Independence

E: Electric Machine, English Men, England

F: French, Freedom, Gage, Fort Tie

G: German, Gage, Georgia

H: Hanging, Stephen Hopkins, George Hewes

I: Inalienable rights, Independence, Indentured Servants

J: July 4th, John Adams

K: King George III

L: Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness

M: Massachuts, Men are created equal, Meetings

N: New York, North Carolina

O: Olive Branch

P: Philadelphia, Protestant, Paine

Q: Queen Charlotte,

R: Rhode Island, Rogue, Revolution

S: Shot heard round the world, South Carolina, Salmon

T: Townshend acts, Thomas Jefferson, Thomas Paine

U: United States, Unorganized

V: Virginia, Valley Forge

W: Washington, War

X: taX

Y: Yorktown

Z: Good Luck!

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