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Sherman's strategy was an example of indirect approach and is probably why the Union won. Up until Sherman cut loose the Union's primary strategy was direct approach which resulted in huge loss of life and little progress towards victory. Sherman's action destroyed the confederacy's ability to move supplies or communicate. His strategy dislocated the confederacy and they were unable to effectively respond to the Union's actions during Sherman's advance. Primarily the Unions issue was that it relied too heavily on a new technology to enforce an old dictum of massing forces. This tied the Union to the rail roads and made them predictable. It also made them vulnerable because with the mass of force they developed they were susceptible to strikes against their supply/communication lines. Basically, the Union was more powerful and was playing it safe. The idea originally was consolidate the force, strike a direct blow, and crush the enemy to win the war. This is a strategy that through out history has led to failure of the often more powerful military. However, I think that it appeals to inexperienced leaders and generals egos because the dreams of such a victory are imagined to be not only fast, but glorious. However, this strategy in reality often allows a weaker army to use an indirect approach to check the more powerful army. Sherman recognized the folly of this approach and changes the make up of his army. Sherman moved away from his supplies and lives off of the land. To live off the hand he had to spread out his forces. He used four to six columns and his forging parties acted as a screen. Since he was not tied to a supply line, and his army was dispersed and moving in multiple columns, the confederate generals could not predict where Sherman would strike. Therefore they could not consolidate there forces or economically prepare defenses. Furthermore, since Sherman's action moved through the confederacy it impacted the families of the confederate solders. This split the confederate soldier's loyalties making them choose between fighting for the confederates or protecting their family. My answer is based on my interpretation of B.H. Liddell Hart's writing on the subject of strategy and indirect approach. Sherman's "horns of a dilemma" approach fits into Harts "indirect approach" strategy. In and of itself it seem like a simple and logical approach, but history proves such logic is too often ignored.

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During the American Civil War, Union general William T. Sherman conducted "total war" to contribute to the South's defeat after the Union capture of Atlanta, Georgia. In the celebrated March to the Sea that followed, Sherman led his troops through Georgia and portions of South Carolina, cutting a swathe of destruction that has since been seen as both famous and infamous by various observers.

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He bring the northern in the a middle of the border and sourded them

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Georgia and South Carolina

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Stan Twice BTS Exo Blackpink and Ateez period.

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YASS PERIOD MY BIASES ARE JIN,LISA AND YEOSANGΒ 

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pulpos

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Q: How did general sherman strategy of total war help the union defeat the confederacy?
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Continue Learning about Military History

What was Ulysses S Grant's role in the civil war?

He commanded the Union troops in Tennessee and Mississippi, culminating in the capture of Vicksburg, which ended the war in the West. Together with his rescuing the Army of the Cumberland from starvation at Chattanooga, this gained him enough credibility to be promoted General-in-Chief of the US Armies, over the head of his commander, Henry Halleck. He then divided responsibilities between himself and Sherman - Grant to defeat Lee, Sherman to defeat Joe Johnston. At enormous cost, Grant's objective was achieved, while Sherman masterminded an almost bloodless campaign in Georgia that shortened the war by months.


What offers the best reasoning behind William Tecumseh shermans strategy of using total war to defeat the south?

Sherman's March to the Sea shortened the war by at least six months, at almost nil casualties.


What was the two-front allied strategy used to defeat Hitler?

"Europe First" strategy


Why were so few battles during the civil war not fought on northern soil?

So few battles were fought on the northern soil because of the defensive strategy carried on by the Confederacy. Furthermore the main objective of the Federal Government were the restoring of the Union and that meant that the Northerners had to defeat and erase the Confederacy, thus compelling them to invade and conquest the Rebel's territory.


How did bull run get is name?

Bull Run, the first major battle of the Civil War, was fought on July 21, 1861. There was a general desire of the Union Army to advance south to Richmond and engage the Confederacy in battle. The Union underestimated the south by believing that they would crumble after their first defeat. The inexperienced Union troops found the battlefield too much, and the Southern army took the time to establish lines and consolidate positions. General Sherman had found an unguarded ford at Bull Run, which he crossed and engaged the Confederacy in battle. The Confederates refused to retreat. Later in the afternoon, the Confederacy captured some Union artillery. The Union army retreated in disarray.

Related questions

First general of union army during civil war?

Winfield Scott served a s Commanding General at the start of the war. It was his Anaconda Plan which served as the grand strategy to defeat the Confederacy.


What did the north call its strategy to defeat the south by forming a naval blockade and by capturing the Mississippi river?

The Anaconda Plan - constricting the life out of the Confederacy


Who was the general of the confederacy in the Battle of Stone's River?

General Braxton Bragg. Bragg, as usual, managed to snatch defeat from the jaws of victory.


Would military theorists have predicted that General Sherman's methods of warfare would defeat the Confederacy?

Historians familiar with the leading military theorists of the early 19th century believe that Union General Sherman's style of a scourged earth warfare would not convince theorists such as Carl Von Clausewitz or Henri Jomini that this could defeat the South. For them the South encompassed an area too large for the Union to conquer with the forces the Union made available, especially when opposed by a strong national resistance. It should be noted that these are opinions of certain, not all US Civil War historians.


What three part strategy did Lincoln use to win the war?

Lincoln used a three-part strategy known as the Anaconda Plan to defeat the Confederate States. His plan was to blockade Southern ports, seize control of the Mississippi River to divide the Confederacy in half, and to surround and attack the Confederacy on all sides.


What happened when the South failed to capitalize on its victory at the Battle of Chickamuga?

The failure of the Confederacy to capitalize on its victory at the Battle of Chickamuga, basically helped its defeat at Chattanooga and had allowed an invasion route to be opened into Georgia with Chattanooga as a base for Union operations. Union General Sherman took advantage of this and his Atlanta campaign began.


What was the goal of the anaconda plan?

To gain control of the Mississippi River and defeat the Confederacy


What was the name given to General Winfield Scott's plan to defeat the Confederacy by blockading southern ports and controlling the Mississippi River?

The Anaconda plan


What was Ulysses S Grant's role in the civil war?

He commanded the Union troops in Tennessee and Mississippi, culminating in the capture of Vicksburg, which ended the war in the West. Together with his rescuing the Army of the Cumberland from starvation at Chattanooga, this gained him enough credibility to be promoted General-in-Chief of the US Armies, over the head of his commander, Henry Halleck. He then divided responsibilities between himself and Sherman - Grant to defeat Lee, Sherman to defeat Joe Johnston. At enormous cost, Grant's objective was achieved, while Sherman masterminded an almost bloodless campaign in Georgia that shortened the war by months.


Why did many people doubt anaconda plan?

They thought it would take to long to defeat the Confederacy.


Who took command of the union forces and the north to there defeat of the south?

President Abraham Lincoln, as Commander-in-Chief, was in command of the Union forces in the US Civil War. He had a number of Generals under him, ultimately Ulysses S. Grant was the General who managed the defeat of Southern forces under General Lee, and thus, eventually the defeat of the Confederacy.


What new strategy did Confederate General John Bell Hood devise after he had lost control of Atlanta to General William T Sherman?

The loss of Atlanta was a serious blow to the South and its war efforts. While Sherman remained in the city and gave his troops a well deserved rest, Confederate General Hood was conferring with Jefferson Davis on how to recover from this Union victory in a major Southern city. Bell's forces were situated in a position whereby he could observe Sherman's army. He and Davis devised a new offensive strategy that was built upon the theories of warfare analyst Heinrich D. Bulow. Bulow's solution to the problem that General Bell faced was to attack the flanks of Sherman's forces and thereby transforming his defeat into a victory. According to Bulow, the last thing to do was to remain in a defensive posture, which may have been the wisdom of many generals after being run over by Sherman's army.To a certain extent General Lee had done after Chancellorsville. Although he had been victorious, he endured serious losses by Union General Hooker and his Army of the Potomac remained a formidable force even after a terrible defeat. Terrible in the sense that Hooker had outnumbered Lee almost two to one and still managed to lose.Hood's new strategy was to follow the line of thought endorsed by Bulow. Hood marched his army westward and then moved north of Atlanta and seriously threatened Sherman's lines of communication. The threat was perhaps even more than serious in that Sherman was deep inside Georgia with a long line of communications behind him. This forced Sherman to draw back a good portion of his army north towards Chattanooga. General Hood could remain in his position in that he now had a line of communications from Rome, Georgia southwestward into Alabama.