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The term in military science is "War of Attrition". A war of attrition occurs when neither side has the strength or competency to defeat the other quickly and decisively in what is known as a "coup de main" Both sides fight it out over a period of time taking losses and using material. In a war of attrition the side with the most manpower and weapons wins but with losses equal to or greater then the weaker side. This is true of the American Civil War in general and the Seige of Petersburg in particular.

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Q: What is attrition of war in the US Civil War?
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