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Great Britain and France declared war on Germany.

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7y ago
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12y ago

Gawd, that's a lot.

1. Poland, long term: Government evacuated to Britain, was unable to return to Poland after Red Army occupied it in 1944/5 and intalled a puppet communist government. In political culture, Poland remained pro-Western but dominated by being much closer to superpower Russia than it is to its Western allies. This is an issue today as Poland is very pro-American and wants, for instance, missile defence weapons form the US.Stalin executed the Polish military leadership at Katyn Forest in 1941, in order to destroy the legitimate government of Poland.

Short term: country defeated and broken up, Jews removed and killed.

Germany: long term: defeated in World War II, which was triggered by the invasion of Poland. Lost much territory to Poland that had been German either before 1919, or before 1939, such as East Prussia, Memel, Danzig etc.

Short term: took over Poland and confirmed the excellence of the German armed forces. Confirmed the superiority of Blitzkrieg tactics, which had been a matter of debate. Allowed the fine-tuning of the war machine. Confirmed military weakness of France and Britain, who could not do anything material to help Poland.

USSR long term: Exacerbated the centuries-old hatred between Poland and Russia. Stalin's collaboration with Hitler was always a 'sore point' later in the war when Stalin was looking to Britain and the USA for help. Stalin raised large Polish forces in his own army, and one of his best generals, Rokossovsky, was a Pole.

short term: highlighted the problems in the Soviet mechanised forces, as the unopposed march into Poland saw many breakdowns and poor communications. These lessons were ot learnt. Caused much confuson among communists in Western countries who always saw Stalin as the 'good' man opposing Hitler the 'bad' man. Some communists saw Stalin as a betrayer, others adapted their views and agreed with Stalin that Hitler was okay after all. The USSR gained a bit of a buffer between herself and Germany, but this was of little use in 1941 and in fact meant her 'border' defences were no longer on the border.

Britain and France: long term: cemented friendly relations between Poland and the West. Were unable to help the legitimate Polish government re-assert itself in 1944, and were unable to help the Warsaw Ghetto uprising in August 1944, which Stalin allowed the Germans to crush ruthlessly- again to more easily install his own puppet regime.

The French and British gained some important expertise when the Polish military departed for Britain. This included information on radar, parachute troops, and many specialists such as pilots. A Polish armoured division fought in France in 1944 as part of the British army.

Poles also played a key role in providing the British with an Enigma ciper machine, beginning a process that allowed the Allies to read most important German messages in World War II, with vital results again and again on the battlefield, however this machine was handed over before the war.

Cheers bruv xoxoxo hope this helps bebe

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16y ago

The German Invasion of Poland in WWII was the opening salvo of the war in Europe. It resulted in German and Russian occupation of the country and the French and English entry into WWII.

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Q: What was one major outcome of the invasion of Poland in 1939?
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