Best Answer

Until World War I, the victors of most European wars took control of conquered territories as the of victory. This was especially true of the colonial territories of defeated European powers, as the victors sought to expand their own empires. World War I marked a significant break in this tradition. While Britain, France, Italy, and Japan still retained imperial aspirations, other forces tempered these goals. The United States emerged as a world power committed to an anti-imperial policy, one that sought to consider the national aspirations of indigenous peoples as well as the imperial agendas of the victors. The 5 November 1918 pre-armistice statement of the Allies, moreover, affirmed that annexation of territory was not their aim for ending the war. The result was the mandate system of the League of Nations, established by the treaties ending World War I. Under this system, the victors of World War I were given responsibility for governing former German and Ottoman territories as mandates from the League. The ultimate goal was development of each mandate toward eventual independence. This goal was tempered, some would argue, by the fact that mandates were awarded with full consideration of both public and secret agreements made during the war. For the Middle East, the Sykes-Picot Agreement of 1916 and the of 1917 helped structure the division of Ottoman territories between France and Britain. Article 22 of the League's covenant required that the conditions of mandates vary with the character of each territory. This resulted in the establishment of three classes of mandate. Class A mandates were those to be provisionally recognized as independent until they proved able to stand on their own. Class B mandates were those further from qualifying for independence and for which the mandatory powers took on full responsibility for administration and promotion of the material and moral welfare of the inhabitants. Class C mandates were those whose best interests were to be served by integration into the territories of the mandatory power, with due consideration being given to the interests of the inhabitants. The Ottoman territories in the Middle East became Class A mandates. Based on World War I agreements, Britain was given responsibility for Iraq and Palestine (later Palestine and; France got Syria (later Syria and Lebanon). These were to be supervised by the Permanent Mandates Commission consisting originally of members from Belgium, Britain, the Netherlands, France, Italy, Japan, Portugal, Spain, and Sweden, to which representatives from Switzerland and Germany were later added, and a representative from Norway took the place of the Swedish representative. Although the non-mandatory powers constituted a majority, the commission never followed an aggressive policy against the interests of the mandatory powers. This was manifest by the fact that Britain and France restructured their mandates by the time the formal system came into place in 1924. Britain split the Palestinian mandate into Palestine and Transjordan, giving a special role in the latter to Sharif Husayn's son, Abdullah, as amir of Transjordan to his further pursuit of territorial goals in Syria. France split its mandate in Syria into Syria and Lebanon to enhance the position of Uniate Christians in Lebanon and as part of its overall strategy of sponsoring communal differences to its position of eventual of all disputes in the area. The British mandate for Iraq remained intact, despite the fact that its population diversity invited similar divisions. Although few would have predicted it in the early 1920s, all of the Class A mandates achieved independence as provided under the conditions of the mandates. The first was Iraq in 1932, although Britain retained significant diplomatic and military concessions. Syria and Lebanon followed in 1941 as World War II was getting under way. In March 1946, just before the formal dissolution of the League of Nations and transfer of its assets to the United Nations, the Treaty of London granted independence to Transjordan as the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Only Palestine was left to the United Nations under its program, and in 1947, Britain presented this problem to the UN General Assembly for resolution. The result was approval of a plan for the partition of Palestine into two Arab and Jewish states and an international city of Jerusalem. Subsequent events precluded implementation of this plan, but since 1949, Israel has been a member of the United Nations. Bibliography Lenczowski, George. The Middle East in World Affairs, 4th edition. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1980. Walters, F. P. A History of the League of Nations. London and New York: Oxford University Press, 1952.

User Avatar

Wiki User

15y ago
This answer is:
User Avatar
More answers
User Avatar

Wiki User

7y ago

After World War I ended, the countries that lost the war- mainly Germany and the Ottoman Empire- had a lot of territory taken away from them. Germany lost all of her overseas colonies. The Ottoman Empire, which had controlled the entire Middle East from Iraq to Egypt, lost all of it except what is now Turkey.

All of these territories were then given to other countries (mainly Britain or France) by the newly created League of Nations. The colonies were administered under a system called the mandates. They were no longer technically colonies, and there were rules that the owning country had to follow, including that the controlling country had to submit yearly reports to the League regarding the status of the mandated colony. Some of the mandate colonies were remade into new countries- this is why a bunch of countries in the Middle East like Iraq and Syria have only existed since the 1920s-30s.

This answer is:
User Avatar

User Avatar

Wiki User

11y ago

the treaty of versalles

This answer is:
User Avatar

Add your answer:

Earn +20 pts
Q: What was the World War 1 mandate system?
Write your answer...
Still have questions?
magnify glass
Related questions

How might the creation of the mandate system affect the map of Africa after World War 1?

Africa was given orders to give up their land for the govenment, which is a mandate

What happened to Ottoman territory in the Middle East after World War 1?

It was divided between Britain and France through the mandate system.

Who established mandate after World War 1?

the League of Nations did

What effect did the mandate system have on national borders after World War 1?

The Allied Powers took control of territory in the former Ottoman Empire.

Who or what country controlled Syria after World War 1?

Syria was under the mandate of France after W 1.

What was the name of the mandate that expired allowing Israel to become a nation?

It's usually referred to the British Mandate of Palestine. It was territory won from the Ottoman Empire in 1917-18 (World War 1). From 1945-48 it was a United Nations mandate, before that a League of Nations mandate.

What was the name of the empire whose collapse after world war 1 resulted in the League of Nations granting Great Britain a mandate to administer Palestine?


Why did World War I become entrenched?

World war 1 became entrenched because of the alliance system

What was the postage system in World War 1?

t t

How did World War I effect the class system?

world war 1 had a profound effect on the british class system due to traditional roles having to change to adapt to the war.

How did the alliance system help start world war 2?

in what way did allices help to start world war 1

What were some pressures for war in World War 1?

Imperialism, nationalism, militarism, and the alliance system.