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Although we refer to the military action in Vietnam as a war, it is technically classified only as a "military engagement," which is considered one step short of war.

Congress passed a joint resolution to take military action against the National Liberation Front (aka Viet Cong) on August 7, 1964, by a nearly unanimous vote of 88-2 in the Senate and 416-0 in the House. Only Senators Wayne Morse (D-OR) and Ernest Gruening (D-AK) dissented, stating that the U.S. had no business sending American troops into combat in another nation's civil war, and expressed dismay at how rapidly the hostilities between the U.S. and North Vietnam were escalating.

The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution (officially, the Southeast Asia Resolution, Public Law 88-408), was enacted in response to a relatively minor naval skirmish between the U.S. destroyers and North Vietnamese torpedo boats in the Gulf of Tonkin, off the coast of North Vietnam. President Johnson retaliated immediately by ordering air strikes on North Vietnamese naval bases.

The resolution occurred during the final months of the 1964 Presidential campaign in which Johnson was standing for reelection, after completing the late President Kennedy's term of office. He made some use of fear-mongering tactics to garner public support.

In a special message to the U.S. Congress on August 5, 1964, Johnson wrote, in part:

"The events of this week would in any event have made the passage of a Congressional Resolution essential. But there is an additional reason for doing so at a time when we are entering on three months of political campaigning. Hostile nations must understand that in such a period the United States will continue to protect its national interests, and that in these matters there is no division among us."

(The full text of Johnson's message to Congress can be accessed by clicking the link under Related Links, below)

In 1968, Richard M. Nixon succeeded Johnson as President, after sabotaging Johnson's attempts at peace negotiations with North Vietnam by advising Saigon to refuse to participate in the talks until after the U.S. Presidential election. Saigon agreed, on the promise that Nixon would offer better terms than Johnson.

At home, Nixon campaigned on the promise that he would end the now-unpopular war with peace and honor, a strategy that succeeded against his Democratic opponent, Hubert Humphrey. Although the two were nearly tied in popular votes, Nixon carried 32 of the 50 states and won 301 electoral votes to Humphrey's 191.

Unfortunately, Nixon lacked a plan for withdrawing troops and, although he began the military withdraw in 1969, the United States' participation in the conflict continued until the surrender of the South Vietnamese in 1975.

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15y ago
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16y ago

The war on vietman was never actually declared by congress but if you had to say it would be around 1959? That's just an estimated guess

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13y ago

Neither the American Civil War nor the Vietnam War were declared wars. The last US declared war was WWII.

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16y ago

WWII was the US's last declared war.

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Untied states

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Q: Who declared Vietnam's independence from the French?
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Sumerize vietnams history as a french colony and its struggle for independence?

summarize Vietnam history as a France colony and its struggle for independence

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Why was the Statue of Liberty important to the french?

It represents the day they declared their independence/ freedom

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Bao Dai, the last Vietnamese emperor, in 1945, although the Communist Ho Chi Minh declared Vietnamese independence again at a later date.

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When was Haiti created as nation?

Haiti declared independence from French rule on January 1, 1804.

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Both Vietnam and India were split into multiple countries (Apex).

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