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Who was dread Scott?

Updated: 8/20/2023
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12y ago

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Scott had a number of lawyers, the best known of which was Montgomery Blair, who served as Postmaster General under Lincoln during the Civil war. As a side note, Blair was the great-grandfather of actor Montgomery Clift.

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Reese McDermott

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2y ago
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8y ago

Dred Scott was a slave who belonged to a US Army surgeon, Dr. Emerson, and traveled with him to various military bases in the mid-19th-century. Some of the places they lived were "free" States and territories that outlawed slavery.

After the doctor died, Scott tried to buy his and his family's freedom from the doctor's widow, but she refused, so he attempted to sue for his freedom in court under the "once free, always free" doctrine. "Once free" was a common law practice that allowed slaves who had lived in states prohibiting slavery to be formally emancipated, under the theory that once a person had been freed he (or she) couldn't be re-enslaved.

Dred Scott's case was unsuccessfully tried first in the state courts in 1846. In 1853, Scott sued John Sanford (widow Emerson's brother, who claimed to be the Scott family's real owner) in US District Court and lost. The case was appealed to the Circuit Court and finally to the US Supreme Court.

The US Supreme Court ruled 7-2 in favor of John Sanford's, returning Dred Scott and his family to slavery. Chief Justice Roger B. Taney delivered the Opinion of the Court that held slaves, former slaves and descendants of slaves could never be US citizens, and thus had no right to bring suit in court.

After the trial, the Scott family was purchased by a former owner and freed by manumission (a legal procedure).

The decision of the Dred Scott case is considered one of the major catalysts to the start of the US Civil War.

Case Citation:

Dred Scott v. Sanford, 60 US 393 (1857)
a slave who unsuccessfully sued for freedom. a slave who unsuccessfully sued for freedom.

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12y ago

Dread Scott was a former slave who tried to sue his owner for abuse, but the supreme court made a decision that slaves are property not people, therefore dread Scott lost. (property cant sue)

Hopefully this helped!

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Who is dread Scott and why is his case important?

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Who was the slave who sued for his freedom in the Supreme Court was?

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Did dread Scott die as a slave?

No. He lived on for a few years after being granted his freedom, and worked on the railways.


How did the Dread Scott Decision divide the north from the south?

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When was dread Scott born?

1799Dred Scott is born in Virginia as a slave of the Peter Blow family. He spent his life as a slave, and never learned to read or write.


The 3 outcomes of the dread Scott case?

Scott was denied his freedom. The Court ruled that slavery was legal in every state of the Union. The ruling divided the two sections more than ever.


What did dread Scott base his calm for freedom on?

Dred Scott based his claim for freedom on the fact that he had lived in free territories and states where slavery was prohibited. He argued that these experiences should entitle him to freedom under the law.


Suffix for dread of?

suffix for dread


What was the second occasion when S.C.O.T.U.S declared an act of Congress unconstitutional?

After the Dread Scott case the Supreme Court declared the Missouri Compromise of 1820 unconstitutional


Why did dread Scott take Emerson and sandford to court What did he want?

Dred Scott sued John Emerson's widow, Irene Sanford, for his freedom because he claimed that living in a free state and territory had made him legally free. Scott sought to establish his freedom and that of his family members.