Who was herschel grynszpan?

Updated: 4/28/2022
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He was an 17 year old Jewish Assassin. On the night of November 7, 1938 he shot and killed Ernst Vom Rath. He shot him in the stomach twice and he died two days later. The death of Ernst triggered Hitler to do the Kristallnacht: The night of broken glass. The reason for killing Ernst was his family's deportation back to Poland. He was wanted in France for stealing a streetcar but many unsuccesful attempts to catch him. Until that night when he walked in there and shot him. He was born of March 28, 1919

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What was the night when German Nazis smashed Jewish shop windows and burned Jewish temples?

Kristallnacht or the Night of Broken Glass was an anti-Jewish pogrom in Nazi Germany and Austria on 9 to 10 November 1938. It was triggered by the assassination in Paris of German diplomat Ernst vom Rath by Herschel Grynszpan, a German-born Polish Jew. In a coordinated attack on Jewish people and their property, 91 Jews were murdered and 25,000 to 30,000 were arrested and placed in concentration camps. 267 synagogues were destroyed, and thousands of homes and businesses were ransacked Kristallnacht -i.e. "Crystal night". Comes from night of broken glass. Broken glass of shop windows resembled crystals in the moonlight.

What were the causes of Kristallnact?

Kristallnacht, literally meaning the Night of Broken Glass, but is now known by the politically correct term, Reichspogromnacht, happened in the 2-day period of Nov. 9-10, 1938. It was ostensibly sparked by the assassination of the Third Secretary to the German embassy in Paris, Ernst vom Rath. Nazi Propaganda Minister Goebbels initiated a rampage of destruction which saw the burning of synagogues, the destruction of Jewish businesses,homes, and the manhandling of Jews. The Nazis used Kristallnacht as an opportunity to proceed with the total exclusion of Jews from society and the removal of their remaining freedom, while expulsion of Jews from Germany was accelerated. The causes of this event were partly economic, but had a great deal to do with racial hatred and antisemitism on the part of Hitler and the Nazis, whose goal was a racially pure German nation.

What does the phrase Night of Broken Glass come from?

The term Night of Broken Glass (German: Kristallnacht) came into being following a pogrom (concerted attack against Jews, Jewish homes and Jewish businesses) on 9-10 November 1938. Following the assassination of Nazi Ernst Vom Rath by Jewish Herschel Grynzspan, the Hitler Youth, SS, Gestapo and supportive citizens carried out the attacks which left 91 Jews dead, 267 synagogues destroyed and saw 25,000 to 30,000 Jews arrested and placed in concentration camps (they were released after three months, but 2000 died while incarcerated). Countless Jewish homes and businesses were ransacked and so many windows shattered that broken glass lay in piles in the streets - hence the name.

Why was Kristallnacht seen as a turning point in the persecution of the Jews in Germany?

Nazi Violence & Hatred Unleashed: Kristallnacht (1938)Ø 9-10 November 1938: Kristallnacht (Night of Broken Glass). Nazi ordered & sponsored violence directed at Jews in Germany & parts of Austria on a massive scale. The pretext for the attacks was the assassination, at the German Embassy in Paris, of the 29 year old German diplomat Ernst vom Rath by 17 year old Herschel Grynszpan, a German-born Polish Jew living in Paris. Ernst vom Rath, a former SA member, was shot on 7 November and died two days later.Ø During the violence carried out by SA paramilitary and civilians, at least 91 Jews were killed in the attacks, and 30,000 were arrested and placed in concentration camps (where another 2,000 were killed). Jewish homes, hospitals, and schools were ransacked, as the attackers demolished buildings with sledgehammers. Over 1,000 synagogues were burned, and over 7,000 Jewish businesses destroyed or damaged.Ø On 11 November German Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels publically attributed the events of Kristallnacht to the "healthy instincts" of the German people. He went on to explain: "The German people are anti-Semitic. It has no desire to have its rights restricted or to be provoked in the future by parasites of the Jewish race."Ø Front-page headline & story of New York Times, 11 November 1938: Nazis Smash, Loot and Burn Jewish Shops and Temples Until Goebbels Calls Halt.Ø The violence created international outrage against Germany, the Nazis & Hitler. The United States recalled its ambassador (but did not break off diplomatic relations) while other governments severed diplomatic relations with Germany in protest.Ø Kristallnacht marked a turning point in relations between Nazi Germany and the rest of the world. The Nazi government's encouragement of the violence & brutality, publically exposed the despotic nature of widespread anti-Semitism entrenched in Germany, and this turned most world opinion sharply against the Nazi regime.Ø Kristallnacht changed the nature of persecution from economic, political, and social to the physical with beatings, incarceration, and murder; the event is often referred to as the beginning of the Holocaust.Ø The number of emigrating Jews surged. In the ten months following Kristallnacht, more than 115,000 Jews emigrated from Germany & Austria to other European countries, the US and to Palestine.Ø The Nazis achieved in Kristallnacht many of their objectives: confiscation of Jewish belongings to provide finances for Nazi Party members and the bribery of top military leaders, separation and isolation of the Jews, and most importantly, the intensification of anti-Semitic policy to add officially-sanctioned physical violence, beginning that night and continuing until the end of World War II.

Why did European leaders choose to appease Hitler?

Because they had the belief that, not unreasonably, Peace was preferable to war. If Hitler could be appeased then there would not be a conflict. With Hindsight its obvious that Hitler wasn't going to be persuaded to act other than in the way he did. In fact the peceived weaknesses of the western leaders only encouraged him further, but then they didn't know that at the time.The leaders of Europe (and of England in particular) desperately wanted to avoid having to fight another world war. They well remembered WW I which was horrible beyond belief, and which had ended only in 1918, which was really not that long before the rise of Hitler in the 1930's. They never wanted to have to go through something like WW I again. Therefore, they hoped that they could make a deal with Hitler which would make him happy, and avoid war. Of course, as we now know, these leaders completely misjudged Hitler, and the consequences were very tragic.

Related questions

When was Herschel Grynszpan born?

Herschel Grynszpan was born on March 28, 1921.

What is Herschel Grynszpan's birthday?

Herschel Grynszpan was born on March 28, 1921.

How old is Herschel Grynszpan?

Herschel Grynszpan is 90 years old (birthdate: March 28, 1921).

What happened to herschel grynszpan parents?

they died in the holocaust. they were poor, had nowhere to flee.

Why did herschel grynszpan want to kill German ambassador?

He wanted revenge from what happened to his family. His sister sent a postcard explaining what happened so Herschel felt something had to be done.

How did the Nazis benefit from Vom Raths death?

The killing of vom Rath by Herschel Grynszpan provided an excuse for the Kristallnacht. (See related question).

Who was the Jew who murdered a German diplomat in Paris 1938?

Jew Herschel Grynszpan shot Ernst Vom Rath on November 7, 1938. See Related Links below.

Who are the main characters in surviving Hitler?

The main character in the book "Surviving Hitler" is Herschel Grynszpan, a Jewish teenager who assassinated a German diplomat in 1938. The book also focuses on the experiences of other Jewish individuals who survived the Holocaust.

Who did the Nazis blame for starting the night of broken glass?

A Polish Jew named Herschel Grynszpan. He assassinated a Nazi politician, and the Nazis used it as reason to attack the Jews - Grynszpan made the Jews look dangerous. The Nazis retaliated by initiating Kristallnacht - better known as The Night of Broken Glass, where they burned, looted, and destroyed Jewish homes, businesses, and places of worship (synagogues). Over 30,000 Jews were also arrested, and 91 were subsequently killed.

Who assassinated the German diplomat that sparked kristallnacht and why?

Herschel Grynszpan was a Polish Jew. In October 1938 the Nazis deported all Polish Jews in Germany (about 17,000 people in all) to Poland. However, the Polish government (which was antisemtic at the time) had issued a little publicized decree a few months beforehand depriving all Poles resident abroad for more than five years of Polish citizenship unless they formally registered a request to remain Poles. Herschel Grynszpan's parents had fallen foul of this decree, and along with about other Polish Jews deported from Germany, they had to spend weeks living in railway stations on the German-Polish border ... The generally accepted view is that he acted mainly out of desperation.

Where were the 30000 arrested men sent during the kristallnacht?

Kristallnacht was triggered by the assassination in Paris of German diplomat Ernst vom Rath by Herschel Grynszpan, a German-born Polish Jew. In a coordinated attack on Jewish people and their property, 91 Jews were murdered and 25,000 to 30,000 were arrested and placed in concentration camps.

When did Herschel Lashkowitz die?

Herschel Lashkowitz was born in 1918.