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Many people moved to get "war work". All of American industry was mobilized for the war effort. Civilian goods were not being produced. If a manufacturer had been so unpatriotic as to want to continue business as usual, he would have been unable to obtain raw materials. To get raw materials a manufacturer needed a "priority" from the government's Office of War Production. The first of the American "czars" was Donald Nelson, who headed this office. A "priority" was only obtainable if the goods being produced were for the military. Factories of all kinds retooled to produce war materials. The Singer Sewing Machine factory and the Remington Typewriter company produced machine guns. Ford turned its new, gigantic Willow Run production facility into a B-24 bomber plant. Chrysler built tanks. Ford built Jeeps. Shipyards sprang up all over the country - not just on the coasts, but at inland locations such as Gary, Indiana and Chicago. Henry Kaiser opened shipyards to crank out cargo ships - Liberty ships, then Vicctory ships. Naval shipyards at Brooklyn, Philadelphia, Charleston and Newport News worked around the clock every day. The Boeing factory in Seattle was cranking out B-17 bombers, then B-29s, around the clock, and still could not meet demand. Boeing subcontracted with Douglas and Vega to produce its designs. North American, Republic, Douglas, Bell and Grunman all worked as rapidly as possible producing other aircraft, as did their hundreds of subcontractors.

Factories had to produce uniforms, boots, shoes, helmets, packs, canteens, mess kits, food rations - everything the military needed, by the millions. Small arms ammunition, rifles, machine guns, pistols, submachine guns, hand grenades, mortars and their shells, artillery pieces, artillery shells, radios, field telephones and all the dozens of other items the army and other branches needed to fight the was were wanted yesterday.

In the factories engaged in this production there was a shortage of workers. Ten per cent of the population was in uniform. There were jobs available for the asking, and all the overtime a person could stand. (Because there were no civilian goods to buy, no cars produced between 1942-46, no houses being built, there was little to spend this money on. People had more money than they had ever imagined, but had little choice but to save it. This fueled a postwar economic boom that lasted into the 1960s).

In the towns and cities where the war work was to be found (and in the towns beside the dozens of new military bases which grew overnight, like mushrooms) there was an acute housing shortage. Building materials were also unavailable, all going to the military, so no new civilian housing was built during the war. People had to share rented rooms in private homes. Some unscrupulous landlords took advantage of the circumstances to gouge on rent.

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14y ago
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11y ago

The Jews did not only try to move to the US during World War 2. The wanted to flee from the Germans who were killing all of the Jewish people living in Germany. Those who were able to move from Germany were saved from being sent to a Concentration Camp, tortured and then eventually brutally killed.

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14y ago

Because the war effort created many factory jobs that were mostly concentrated in industrialized cities. People followed jobs.And also need payment because of the great depression.

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11y ago

Many people were afraid of spies and traitors against america among them during that time

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16y ago

Erm they didnt you retard

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Q: Why did Americans move during world war 2?
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