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The Czar's autocratic policies toward the people lead to social unrest because he made polices that did things such as having secret police who watched secondary schools and universities. He made Russian the official language so people who taught in different languages could now only teach in Russian. He also was racist toward the Jews, and he let many Russian people break into many Jewish people homes, their stores, and synagogues.

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13y ago
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13y ago

Alexander II wanted change after Russia's embarrassing defeat in the Crimean War. The only problem was, radical change would make his autocratic position quite vulnerable; one of the Tsar's first attempts to help the Russian people was to emancipate the serfs in 1861, now the tsar had over-promised and massively under-delivered with this reform. The declaration of this reform had fuelled 'false hope' throughout the 90% of the Russian population (as the vast amount of the Russian population was made up of peasants), as they had all

hoped for change, freedom. Although the peasants were 'free', it was just like they were sent to another cell. Nothing changed, on paper they were 'free' but many peasants still lived life in poverty, and had to remain under the supervision of their landlords as well as owing redemption payments and other taxes for 49 years, peasants would still be blamed for bad harvests and many peasants still felt like prisoners, the reform hadn't changed their lives. The Polish Revolt in 1863 was a retaliation of this reform as many peasants expected change straight away and when their high hopes were shattered, anger fuelled throughout the peasants, leading to the burning down of landowners' crops, houses and animals.

Other reforms such as those within the army, and the reduction of censorship only increased the growth of opposition as many of the middle class were now allowed to attend universities, and read extremist western views/ideologies which lead to unrest amongst Russia.

Many of Alexander II's reforms were deemed as a failure as he gave the Russian people false hope, and made his autocratic position irreparable.

Source(s): My knowledge.

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Q: How did Czar's autocratic policies toward the people lead to social unrest?
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