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Reign of Charles I. 1625-1649, reign of Charles II. 1649-1685.


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Q: How long did king Charles rule without parliament?
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What were two causes of the English Civil War?

There were several causes of the English Civil War, the majority of them were centered on the beliefs and reign of Charles I. Two of the main causes of the English Civil War were parliament's anger over Charles I divine rule and centralized structure of church government as well as his increase in taxation without consulting parliament.

What was the importance of the Model Parliament of 1295?

The term 'Model Parliament' is given to the English parliament called by Edward I in 1295. It was the first royal parliament and consisted of an unelected House of Lords and a House of Commons representing the counties and towns.

What were the political effects of the English Civil War?

The short term causes is something i do not know and is exactly what i am looking for however i know what the long term causes are. Religion, Politics, Economy. Short term causes may have something to do with how Charles used his money; on his own clothes, favourites and his family rather than on his country

Name given to the return of Charles 2 to the English throne in 1660 and the following period until 1685?

After the overthrow of Oliver Cromwell and the Protectorate and the execution of those charged with the regicide of Charles I, Charles II became King and the Restoration began. After agreeing to end the feudal structure, he was given operating funds by Parliament. The problem was he could request funds as long as many times as he needed. The period was known as the Restoration.

How long was the trial and execution of King Charles I?

Charles I (November 1600 to January 1649) was the King of England, Scotland and Ireland from 1625 until his execution in 1649. Charles was tried, convicted and executed on January 30, 1649, for high treason.

Related questions

Why did King Charles 1st annoy parlaiment?

King Charles devoured parliament because they would not give him money to waste on battles and have parties with his friends and to buy expensive gifts to make people like him more and more so he could have more friends to fight battles with. After a while he got

Trigger facts about the English Civil War?

There are many different reasons for the causes of the English civil war but first I will start with the religious disputes over archbishops Laud's reforms of the church. Reforms were introduced that made churches more decorated (like catholic churches) Charles I collected customs duties without parliaments permission, he married a French catholic who was unpopular with his people. The Bishops' Wars were fought between the Scots and English forces led by Charles I. These conflicts paved the way for the uprising of Parliament that began the English civil wars. Charles I was attempting to enforce Anglican reforms onto the Scottish church. However the Scots were opposed to this, and even wanted to destroy the control that bishops had over the church. To this end, Charles' reforms were rejected by the Scottish Assembly at Glasgow in 1638. Charles was furious that the Scots had rejected his proposals, and hastily formed an English force with which to march on Scotland in 1639. He did not have the funds for such a military expedition, nor confidence in his troops, so he was forced to leave Scotland without fighting a battle. The unrest continued in Scotland, and when Charles discovered that they had been plotting with the French he again decided to mount a military expedition. This time, Charles called Parliament in order to get funds (1640). The second cause was the financial quarrels between the king and parliament. When parliament formed, they immediately wanted to discuss grievances against the government, and were generally opposed to any military operation. This angered Charles and he dismissed parliament again, hence the name "Short Parliament" that it is commonly given. Charles went ahead with his military operation without Parliament's support, and was beaten by the Scots. The Scots, taking advantage of this, went on to seize Northumberland and Durham. Charles found himself in a desperate position, and was forced to call parliament again in November, 1640. This parliament is known as the "Long Parliament". The third cause was the demands made by parliament for greater share government. The tension between Charles and Parliament was still great, since none of the issues raised by the Short Parliament had been resolved. This tension was brought to a head on January 4th, 1642 when Charles attempted to arrest five members of parliament. This attempt failed, since they were spirited away before the king's troops arrived. Charles left London and both he and parliament began to stockpile military resources and recruit troops. Charles officially began the war by raising his standard at Nottingham in August, 1642. At this stage of the wars, parliament had no wish to kill the king. It was hoped that Charles could be reinstated as ruler, but with a more constructive attitude to parliament. Parliaments were supported by the richer South and East, including London. Parliament also held most of the ports, since the merchants that ran them saw more profit in a parliament-lead country. Parliament definitely had access to more resources than the king, and could collect taxes. Charles had to depend on donations from his supporters to fund his armies. The fourth cause was that Charles I ruled without parliament. Charles I dissolved parliament because of all the disputes and ruled without it for 11 years. King did not like the wealth, power or ideas of parliament. He began making the decisions about taxes without parliament. The fifth cause was that the ship money argument. Without parliament, Charles had to think up new pays of raising money, e.g. ship money which was paid in times of war by people living the coast, now had to pay by all people even though there was no war. The sixth cause was that the parliament was recalled and demanded reforms. King Charles I wanted money, so he reopened the parliament to get money but they demanded the reforms e.g. never to be shut down again. These are called the long - term cases. Some M.P.S demanded more reforms from the king in a new list called 'the grand remonstrance' other M.P.S stick up for the king because he has already greed to some reforms. A rebellion starts in Ireland where Catholics murdered 200,000 Protestants. The England wondered if Charles supported the Catholics. Charles I try to arrest five M.P.S while parliament is in session, but they had escaped before hand. This lost the king a lot of respect and showed he wanted to control parliament after all. Parliament and the king argued over who control the Army. Only six days after trying to arrest the five Members of Parliament, Charles left London to head for Oxford to raise an army to fight Parliament for control of England. A civil war could not be avoided. By 1642, relations between Parliament and Charles had become very bad. Charles had to do as Parliament wished as they had the ability to raise the money that Charles needed. However, as a firm believer in the "divine right of kings", such a relationship was unacceptable to Charles. These are called the short - term causes. From the beginning of his reign, King Charles quarrelled with parliament about power. King Charles dismissed parliament in 1629 and ruled without it for 11 years. In 1635, King Charles made everyone pay the ship money tax. The Scots rebelled against the new prayer book which the king and archbishop laud introduced in Scotland. In 1638, the Scots invaded England. King Charles asked parliament for money to raise an army. Parliament made King Charles agree to reforms in 1641. King Charles and archbishop laud made changes of the Church of England which were unpopular. The puritans were angry about the king's Catholic sympathies. These are shot - term causes and long - term causes, they are linked together between causes and how they lead to civil war. I think there were almost as many reasons for people to fight the civil war as there were people fighting. Briefly, however, the main reason for the war was the king Charles I and his various parliaments did not agree about anything - religion, how the country should be run, how England should behave towards other countries and so on. This was made worse by the fact that Charles I, believing that kings got their power from god and so could rule as they chose, made no attempt to keep his parliament happy. He spent eleven years ruling without parliament at all. When the long parliament, called in 1640, tried to make him change his ways and he refused, war broke out. (Some important things may not have set off the war, without the small triggers). Hope this Helps

What was the name of the parliament that Charles called to help put down the scottish rebellion?

Long Parliament

How did the English Parliament become the model for future Representatives institutions?

For the British Parliament we have today, there is a long history of conflict: the beheading of King Charles I, and a civil war. But, eventually, a democracy arose. Members of Parliament are now elected by the people, to serve the people, for the good of the people.

How long did Charles 1st rule without parliament?

He did so in 1642 when the English Civil War started

Who were fighting in the English Civil War?

Houses of Parliament fourght the monarchy over power. Before a king Charles I could make any decision he wanted without consulting the government who were there to represent the people. So the Parliament reacted and chopped off a few heads so now they work together to make decisions. It was a long long long war but an interesting one :)Anglican Perspective!That there was a political struggle between Parliament and King Charles is quite true! That King Charles did indeed lose this set to is also correctI must add that also, despite having 'represented' the people; the government in general were at the very least conscious of the ammount of poverty in England at the time. And despite using their democratic title as a reason for their victory over the monachy, it seems to me that the civil war was much more of a power stuggle than an ethical war! Eithor way, the people at the time probably didn't benefit drastically from King Charles I demise if not at all. Any thoughts?Dilemma

What is a cavaliers?

The Cavaliers were soilders for King Charles the 1st who foight in the English civil war in mid 1600. A cavalier would have long curly hair like King Charles and they would have big hat with a large feather in it. Cavalier King Charles Spaniels were named after the Cavaliers because of their long cury hair and King Charles because they were around when King Charles was the King of England

Who is Charles first and why is he important?

Charles I was king of Britain in 17th century. His main importance lies with his protracted wrangle with Parliament as to the right to rule as King. For a period, he ruled alone without Parliament as an absolute monarch and this gave cause to the English Civil War in 1640's. Parliament was a long way from being representative of the people, being selected by the wealthy landowning classes - and choosing wealthy landowners as a result - but was better than nothing to avoid a dictatorship. The upshot was that a reigning monarch was arrested, tried and condemned to death by beheading. On 30 Jan 1649, Charles I became the one and only crowned monarch to be executed, thus cementing his unwelcome place in history.

How long to train King Charles dog?

about a mouth

Who was to blame for the English Civil War - King or Parliament?

the king was to blame as he was arrogant and selfish. He pushed away parliament for too long and ended up with sufficient debts.

How long did it take for King Charles to get to Maryland?

How long did the trip to Maryland take?

The primary reason that no new colonies were founded between 1634 and 1670 was?

Trouble started in 1624. with an alliance between James I and France. France became involved in the Thirty Years War from 1634 to 1648. Now the Thirty Years Was is one of the great conflicts of early modern European history. The War consisted of a series of declared and undeclared wars which ranged though the years of 1618-1648 throughout central Europe. The Thirty Years War was also, at least in part, a religious war among Catholics, Lutherans and Calvinists. The series of conflicts, military and political, which make up the Thirty Years War are highly complex. Having France as a ally meant that James I had promised to help France in the war effort. In 1625, Charles I becomes King of England. He marries Henrietta Maria, sister of Louis XIII of France. Now France and England are tied together through royalty. The year prior Parliament votes for war against Spain. When asked for money by Charles I they refuse making the King angry thus dissolving Parliament. King Charles ruled personally for the next several years without a Parliament. In 1628 Parliament reassembled and presented the King with the Petition of Rights (an important document setting out the rights and liberties of the subject as opposed to the prerogatives of the crown). King Charles is forced to accept Parliament's statement of civil rights in return for finances. Once again in 1629 Charles I dissolves Parliament and rules alone until 1640. King Charles calls Parliament to session again in 1640 to ask for money. Parliament refuses and again the King dissolves Parliament. England is in turmoil, Parliament reconvenes and the Long Parliament begins. King Charles and the Parliament disagree on many things and the country is falling apart. In Ireland Catholics revolt and some 30,000 Protestants are massacred. Civil War breaks out in England in 1642 and lasts until 1649 when King Charles I is tried and executed. The Commonwealth, in which England is governed as a republic is established and lasts until 1660. The Convention Parliament restored Charles II to the throne in 1660. Charles II is not much better than Charles I and there is trouble between the King and Parliament, but in 1664 England seizes New Amsterdam from the Dutch and changes the name to New York, renewing interest in the colonies if only for a few months. London was hit first by the Great Plague in 1665 and then the Great Fire of London in 1666. The Dutch fleet defeats the English in Medway river as a result treaties among Netherlands, England, France and Denmark are made in 1667. The following year a triple Alliance of England, Netherlands and Sweden is made against France. So you see it was a very busy thirty years for England and the North American colonies were not at the top of their priority list. :-)