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Q: Suleiman The Magnificent A Captured Belgrade And Laid Siege To The City Of Vienna B Was Know As The Law Giver C Brought The Entire Arabian Peninsula Under The Ottoman Rule D All Of The Above?
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Who were Mehmed Suleyman 'Abbas and Akbar?

They were Muslim rulers. Akbar the Great was the great ruler of the Mughal dynasty of India (1556-1605). Suleiman the Magnificent's reign is known as the golden age of the Ottoman Empire of Turkey (1520-1566). Shah Abbas was the greatest ruler of the Safavid dynasty of Persia (1588-1629). Mehmed the Conqueror was the celebrated Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1444-46 & 1451-1481, who conquered Istanbul on 29th May 1453.

Which country was richest and most powerful in the 16th century and why?

The Ottoman Empire. As Christopher Marlowe, historian, and author of Tambulaine (1587) wrote; "For most of the sixteenth century, the Ottoman army was the largest in Europe, its navy ruled the shipping lanes of the eastern Mediterranean, and its capital Istanbul was five times the size of Paris. Its resources seemed limitless, and its capacity to sweep aside opposition in the name of Islam gave the Turkish Empire an awesome presence. Indeed between 1520 and 1565 its momentum seemed unstoppable. Well might Christians in Western Europe 'quake for fear'. At its height in the 16th and 17th centuries, the empire was the most powerful in the world. Made up of diverse ethnic and religious groups, including Arabs, Armenians, Greeks, Kurds, and Slavs, the empire stretched from Central Europe in the west to Baghdad (IRAQ) in the east, from the Crimean Sea in the North to the Upper Nile in Egypt and the Arabian Peninsula (Saudi Arabia) in the South. (Encyclopedia of World Geography, Volume 1, by R.W. McColl) Geoffrey Woodward, another historian wrote; "Another abortive attempt to expel the Ottomans from Transylvania in 1550 confirmed that the Balkan frontier would remain 80 miles from Vienna and the Austrian Habsburgs would be treated as a tributary power." The 16th Century coincided with the rule of Suleiman the Magnificent (r. 1520-1566). Under Suleiman, "the empire became the largest and most powerful empire in the world". (Everyday Life in the Ancient Arab and Islamic World, by Nicola Barber and Manuela Cappon) During his time, he "was regarded as the most significant ruler in the world, by both Muslims and Europeans. His military empire expanded greatly both to the east and west, and he threatened to overrun the heart of Europe itself. In Constantinople, he embarked on vast cultural and architectural projects. Istanbul in the middle of the sixteenth century was architecturally the most energetic and innovative city in the world. While he was a brilliant military strategist and canny politician, he was also a cultivator of the arts. Suleyman's poetry is among the best poetry in Islam, and he sponsored an army of artists, religious thinkers, and philosophers that outshone the most educated courts of Europe. The reign of Suleyman in Ottoman and Islamic history is generally regarded as the period of greatest justice and harmony in any Islamic state.... The Europeans called him "The Magnificent," but the Ottomans called him Kanuni, or "The Lawgiver. (jewishvirtuallibrary) In fact, "The formal Ottoman documents would afford European monarchs a protocol rank below that of the Sultan, the ruler of the Ottoman Empire. They were considered equivalent to his Grand Vizier, or prime minister. By the same token, European ambassadors permitted by the Sultan to reside in Constantinople were cast in the status of supplicants. Compacts enjoyed with these envoys were drafted not as bilateral treaties but as unilateral and freely revocable grants of privilege by a magnanimous Sultan. (visit Thus, considering all of the foregoing, and insofar as the 16th and 17th Century is concerned, the undisputed heavyweight champion of the world was none other than the Ottoman Empire.

What happened on November 28 1520?

November 28, 1520 - After navigating through the South American strait, three ships under the command of Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan reach the Pacific Ocean, becoming the first Europeans to sail from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific.