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Begun in March, 1871 following France's capitulation in the Franco-Prussian War, the Paris Commune was a social movement led by anarchists, Marxists, and others dissatisfied with their status under the French government. They were determined to institute self-rule for the city, and many resident soldiers sided with the Commune and its constituent groups.

Among their goals were:

-- separation of Church and state

-- military pensions for families of deceased French militiamen

-- an end to all-night work schedules

-- equal wages and legal status for women

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The Paris Commune wanted a separation of church and state, closing bakeries at night, a remission of rents during the seige, and a postponement of debts.

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Radical reforms ( APEX)

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Q: What was a goal of the Paris Commune in 1871?
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Why was the Paris Commune established?

to improve the lives of the industrialists

When did Paris Commune happen?

Paris Commune happened in 1871.

When did the event called Paris Commune take place?

The Paris Commune took place March 18, 1871-May 28, 1871.

Who was rebel french 1871 council?

Paris Commune

What impact did the defeat of the 1871 Paris Commune have on France as a nation?


What was the number of communards killed in the Paris Commune of 1871?

The approximate number of communards that were killed in the short lived Paris Commune of 1871 were 30,000. The French army also suffered casualties as well. Their losses were approximately 7,500 soldiers.

Was the Paris Commune a socialist movement?

The Paris Commune was recognized as a socialist movement. It was officially called a revolutionary and socialistic government. It ruled the city of Paris from March 18 to May 28, 1871.

The paris commune was formed in france in 1871 to?

support the republic by opposing the National Assembly.

Who seized political power from the legislative assembly in France?

National Assembly

What can describe the Paris Commune of 1871?

It was the revolt of the population of Paris against Napoleon III's surrender to Prussia in 1871. After the subsequent establishment of the so-called Third Republic of France, the Commune's mostly socialist and anarchist-inspired leaders refused to abide by the terms of the peace treaty concluded between the Republic's Government and Prussia and surrender power back to the French republican authorities. Because of that, the Commune became a revolt against the French Republic itself. Without Napoleon III's earlier total overhaul of Paris - replacing a giant maze of narrow and winding streets with broad boulevards - the French army might have had a near-impossible job reconquering Paris. As it was, it still took over a month for the French army to regain control of the city.

How would Karl Marx would have felt about the Paris Commune uprising?

Karl Marx, in his important pamphlet The Civil War in France (1871), written during the Commune, praised the Commune's achievements, and described it as the prototype for a revolutionary government of the future, "the form at last discovered" for the emancipation of the proletariat.

What is the Paris Commune?

There were actually two Paris Communes. A commune, by the way, is just a self-governing city council, so a Paris Commune was just an institution that governed Paris and refused to follow the orders of the national government.Paris Commune of 1792: During the French Revolution, the Paris Commune was a governing body that took control of the city, and acted to kill off opponents. A large number of people were massacred.Paris Commune of 1871: This is usually the commune that is referred to when the term "Paris Commune" is mentioned. Following the Franco-Prussian war, the people of Paris were angry against the national government. Louis-Napoleon, the former emperor, had resigned, and the newly-elected leader - Thiers - was seen as conservative and repressive. One day, after weeks of growing animosity, there was a spontaneous popular uprising, and the national government was forced to flee to Versailles. A new, socialist government, the Paris Commune, was elected. The Commune held the city for 72 days, but it was eventually toppled by the national government. Today, the Paris Commune is remembered primarily for being the first socialist government in history. Many of its ministers came from the proletariat, and reforms were made that favored the working classes. Although the Commune itself was poorly directed and introduced barely any new, lasting legislation, its symbolic importance has influenced many Communist thinkers over the years, including Marx, Lenin, Trotsky, and Mao.Source: The Fall of Paris: The Siege and the Commune by Alistair Horne.