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1. International: struggle for hegemony and Empire outstrips the fiscal resources of the state

2. Political conflict: conflict between the Monarchy and the nobility over the "reform" of the tax system led to paralysis and bankruptcy.

3. The Enlightenment: impulse for reform intensifies political conflicts; reinforces traditional aristocratic constitutionalism, one variant of which was laid out in Montequieu's Spirit of the Laws; introduces new notions of good government, the most radical being popular sovereignty, as in Rousseau's Social Contract [1762]; the attack on the regime and privileged class by the Literary Underground of "Grub Street;" the broadening influence of public opinion.

4. Social antagonisms between two rising groups: the aristocracy and the bourgeoisie

5. Ineffective ruler: Louis XVI

6. Economic hardship, especially the agrarian crisis of 1788-89 generates popular discontent and disorders caused by food shortages.

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12y ago
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9y ago

The primary causes of the French Revolution were:

  1. A government that failed to represent the majority of the people.
  2. An unfair taxation policy.
  3. An economic crisis.
  4. An abusive and exploitative Catholic church.
  5. An inept and indecisive king.
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11y ago

1.) Bankruptcy.

2.) The age of enlightenment; made people want to move forward.

3.) Failed ruler King Louis XVI

4.) Uneven taxes between the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd estates.

5.) "Inspiration" from the American Revolution.

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12y ago

There was an outdated class system, a financial crisis, a food shortage. The last reason was enlightenment ideas.

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Q: What were 4 causes of the french revolution?
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