Champaran is in Bihar, India.
Yes. There are two districts: East Champaran and West Champaran.
which prominent leader had opposed the champaran satyagrah of 1917 because it was lead by mahatma gandhi
When Gandhi returned from South Africa, he heard about the case in Champaran that the British forced the poor peasants to grow indigo, and they had no other choice, and he was devastated, but he wasn't willing to do anything until he was chased and stalked by a man who was from Champaran and was sent to make Mahatma Gandhi aware of the crisis. Then, Mahatma Gandhi learned about the whole situation and planned to take action. That is how Gandhi minimized the production of indigo in Champaran.
Raj Kumar Shukla was an indigo cultivator of Champaran. Gandhi had many engagements in different parts of India. Shukla accompanied Ganndhi everywhere. He waited till Gandhi was free. Gandhi was impressed by his tenacity and finally boarded the train for Patna,Bihar. He took Mahatma Gandhi to make him aware of the plight of the cultivators in Champaran.
To enquire into the grievances of the indigo cultivators
Champaran and Darbhanga in bihar
champaran satyagrah in bihar
There have been a number of movements by the indigo planters of Champaran, in protest against their mistreatment at the hands of British landowners. However, the most famous of these was in 1917, when Mahatma Gandhi became a figurehead for this suffering of the indigo planters.Why were the indigo planters unhappy?Prior to the British involvement in India, local people had owned all of the land, on which they grew crops such as sugar cane. They made enough money out of their land to live off, and to feed their families.However, when the British came to India, they forced the people of Champaran to grow the Indigo plant, as it could be used to make an expensive dye (indigo dye), which would bring a lot of profit.The British claimed ownership of the land in Champaran, and took all of the indigo crops produced by the farmers in order to sell them. As a result, the local people, who were previously comfortable, had nothing.Gandhi's involvement in the Champaran affairWhen Gandhi heard about the exploitation and suffering of the people of Champaran, he wanted to visit the area, in order to see them for himself. However, when the British landowners and authority figures heard about his plan to visit, they asked for an order to be enforced by the police to stop Gandhi from visiting Champaran.Despite this, Gandhi still entered the area of Champaran, defying the court order. He was successful in highlighting the plight of the indigo farmers using non-violence, or Satayagraha. This was the first successful demonstration of Satayagraha in Indian history.
the champaran episode was a turning point in gandhi`s life. gandhi himself accepts it. it was the first mass movement in India.gandhi took up the cause of the poor peasants. he fought against the injustice of the cruel landlords. they extorted money from the poor sharecroppers. but champaran didn`t begin as an act of defiance. the movement grew out of gandhi `s attempt to remove the distress of poor peasants. it was a typical gandhian movement. the success of champaran marked the first victory of the civil disobedience in modern India. the amount of the refund money was less important. more important was that English landlords were forced to surrender part of the money. previously they behaved as lords above the law. now the Indian peasants had people to defend their rights. above all,the champaran episode was the beginning of their liberation from fear of the british.
In Champaran, a district in state of Bihar, tens of thousands of landless serfs, indentured laborers and poor farmers were forced to grow indigo and other cash crops instead of the food crops necessary for their survival. These goods were bought from them at a very low price. Suppressed by the ruthless militias of the landlords (mostly British), they were given measly compensation, leaving them mired in extreme poverty. The villages were kept extremely dirty and unhygienic, and alcoholism, untouchability and purdah were rampant. Now in the throes of a devastating famine, the British levied an oppressive tax which they insisted on increasing in rate. Without food and without money, the situation was growing progressively unlivable and the peasants in Champaran revolted against indigo cultivation in 1914 (at Pipra) and 1916(Turkaulia) and Raj Kumar Shukla took Mahatma Gandhi to Champaran and the Champaran Satyagraha began