Though there is a controversy that Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan was the first foreign recipient, he was the first non-Indian citizen who received Bharat Ratna.Nelson Mandela was the Second non-citizen and the first non-Indian awarded Bharata Ratna. He got this award in 1990.
Because they were ruled by the British. Dependent colonies are where a few European officials ruled non-European people.
i) provided a national base to the congress n Indian mass. ii)it undermined the power n prestige of the british govt. iii)repression failed to crush the spirit of the people. iv)gandhi was determined to emancipate the poor and the oppressed. v)another positive achievementwas the Hindu-Muslim unity. vi)weapon of satyagraha n non cooperation changed the character of congress overnight
The round table conference stood little chance of success.Lord Irwin was replaced as Viceroy by Lord Willington,who was much less prepared to make concessions.In places the non-cooperation movement restarted and willington responded by having congress leaders , including Gandhi and Nehru, arrested. Jinnah had gone into voluntary exile, disillusioned with the lack of progress being made. Lack of Cordination for which British stood Advantages as they declared that India was not ready to rule as a nation as ther were so many conflicts with in every Indian. It was difficult for the conference to make progress without Congress.
khan abdul ghaffar khan
kerala in 1967
Morarji Desai...by Jay
george yule a scottish business man was first non indian president of inc
Centre saw its first non-congress government in 1977. Janta Dal led by Moraji Desai won the elections and formed the government.
Morarji Desai from Janata Party in 1977-79
Nehru and Gandhi were two different persons. First president of India was Dr. Rajendra Prasad. First Prime Minister of India was Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru. Mahatma Gandhi is the father of the nation, known worldwide for his non-violence.
Some of the non legislative powers of Congress are to amend the constitution and oversee the executive branch. Congress also has the power to impeach the President.
Bengal And Punjab
He is the Non-executive Head of Republic.