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Summary of what is written below: European Exploration and Prison for Prisoners Back then Britain's jails were over populated and Britain needed a new place to send all of it's prisoners. Australia was a small continent and many officials believed that Australia was the best place to keep prisoners. When the prisoners reached Australia they were set free and had to be independent and find there own food, clothes, shelter, etc. These prisoners were not big crime makers in fact most were sent to jail for small thefts. Sometimes taking a newspaper or steeling a candy from a candy shop. Some were innocent but there was no proof to prove that so they were still sent to jail. Also as European Exploration was becoming more and more popular and many Kings and Queens started investing. Explorers from the more powerful countries from all over Europe had also started to explore lands that were not yet mapped. Australia was mapped however, not much was known about it so explorers started to explore.

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14y ago
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10y ago

because of the gold rush

Because they wanted to improve their living standards from what was and is a class rated society,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

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Q: Why did people migrate to Australia from England in the late 19th century to the early 20th century?
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England did not travel to migrate to Australia. England stayed exactly where it is now. Any of the English people who migrated to Australia, however, travelled by ships in the early years of Australian settlement. The very first English people to settle Australia were the convicts, officers and marines who came on the First Fleet.

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