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This practice of having colonies was called Imperialism and there were several reasons for it. This was durinbg the time of industrialization, when nations were building factories and mass-producing things. Colonies were a way to get cheap natural resources and cheap labor. They also created new markets for selling the things that the factories produced. More than just an econimic issue, colonies were a badge of status. The more colonies a nation had, the more powerful it was. It was basically a competition between the nations.

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Q: Why did so many European Nations acquire colonies in Africa between 1870-1914?
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What was the main reason European colonies set up colonies?

England hope to acquire wealth from the colonies by getting Natural Resources, taxing goods traded in the colonies, and selling its own goods to the colonies.

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