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Because of the level of inequality that existed in China before Chairman Mao's 1949 Revolution. Since 1912 China had been under a Nationalist Republican Government led by the Kuomingtang Party established by Sun Yat-Sen, which abolished the Emperorship and set about reforming the country into a democratic republic as oppose to a tyrannical absolute monarchy. Following his death in 1925, he was succeeded in power by General Chiang Kai-Shek, who led the country throughout WW2 on the side of the Allies but who had been in conflict with China's Communist factions for decades (Communist enclaves had developed in the mountainous regions of Northern China ever since the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia in 1917, and had been funded by the USSR and growing in power and influence over the years). Following the end of WW2 , civil war broke out between Kai-Shek's KMT Government and the Communist Party of China led by Mao, which resulted in General Chiang resigning and fleeing to Taiwan in 1949, which he proclaimed the de facto 'Republic of China' and where he remained until his death in 1975. The Government during the civil war against Mao's Communists was taken over by the short-lived rule of Li Zongren, who was overthrown later on in 1949 when China became a fully Communist state. The peasantry aligned themselves with Mao quite simply because the prospect of Communist Government offered them equality, an end to serfdom, and shared and collectivised wealth. It promised a welfare state for everybody including free health care and education, housing, sanitation, adequate food and a transport infrastructure- something which the peasants could only have dreamed about for many Centuries. This did, indeed, come to pass, but not without an end to tyranny and human rights abuse. Ever since 1949, China's Communist Government has made things better for people materially but not improved upon human rights. Under all Chinese rulers, from the Emperors through the Republican Government and up until Communism, Chinese citizens have been deliberately subject to mass executions, torture and deliberate genocide via starvation if they were deemed to be enemies of the State. The Emperors and Empresses, Chiang Kai-Shek and Chairman Mao Tse-Tung were all guilty of atrocities and mass murder. Many of the good things that Mao did, such as ensuring complete equality of wealth and communal ownership, were undone by Dun Xiaoping in the 1980s and '90s by his advocacy of 'Capitalism within Communism' which permitted private enterprise, a free market economy and the development of inequality through wealth, but only modest improvements in human rights standards. Thus nowadays, the Chinese have got the worst of both systems, although a system of social welfare does still exist, and although the regime is still a Dictatorship, it does not practice the policies of mass genocide as seen under Mao.

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Thomas Lynch

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2y ago
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Nestor Heller

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2y ago

Because of the level of inequality that existed in China before Chairman Mao's 1949 Revolution. Since 1912 China had been under a Nationalist Republican Government led by the Kuomingtang Party established by Sun Yat-Sen, which abolished the Emperorship and set about reforming the country into a democratic republic as oppose to a tyrannical absolute monarchy. Following his death in 1925, he was succeeded in power by General Chiang Kai-Shek, who led the country throughout WW2 on the side of the Allies but who had been in conflict with China's Communist factions for decades (Communist enclaves had developed in the mountainous regions of Northern China ever since the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia in 1917, and had been funded by the USSR and growing in power and influence over the years). Following the end of WW2 , civil war broke out between Kai-Shek's KMT Government and the Communist Party of China led by Mao, which resulted in General Chiang resigning and fleeing to Taiwan in 1949, which he proclaimed the de facto 'Republic of China' and where he remained until his death in 1975. The Government during the civil war against Mao's Communists was taken over by the short-lived rule of Li Zongren, who was overthrown later on in 1949 when China became a fully Communist state. The peasantry aligned themselves with Mao quite simply because the prospect of Communist Government offered them equality, an end to serfdom, and shared and collectivised wealth. It promised a welfare state for everybody including free health care and education, housing, sanitation, adequate food and a transport infrastructure- something which the peasants could only have dreamed about for many Centuries. This did, indeed, come to pass, but not without an end to tyranny and human rights abuse. Ever since 1949, China's Communist Government has made things better for people materially but not improved upon human rights. Under all Chinese rulers, from the Emperors through the Republican Government and up until Communism, Chinese citizens have been deliberately subject to mass executions, torture and deliberate genocide via starvation if they were deemed to be enemies of the State. The Emperors and Empresses, Chiang Kai-Shek and Chairman Mao Tse-Tung were all guilty of atrocities and mass murder. Many of the good things that Mao did, such as ensuring complete equality of wealth and communal ownership, were undone by Dun Xiaoping in the 1980s and '90s by his advocacy of 'Capitalism within Communism' which permitted private enterprise, a free market economy and the development of inequality through wealth, but only modest improvements in human rights standards. Thus nowadays, the Chinese have got the worst of both systems, although a system of social welfare does still exist, and although the regime is still a Dictatorship, it does not practice the policies of mass genocide as seen under Mao.

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Zoie Bergstrom

Lvl 13
1y ago

Because of the level of inequality that existed in China before Chairman Mao's 1949 Revolution. Since 1912 China had been under a Nationalist Republican Government led by the Kuomingtang Party established by Sun Yat-Sen, which abolished the Emperorship and set about reforming the country into a democratic republic as oppose to a tyrannical absolute monarchy. Following his death in 1925, he was succeeded in power by General Chiang Kai-Shek, who led the country throughout WW2 on the side of the Allies but who had been in conflict with China's Communist factions for decades (Communist enclaves had developed in the mountainous regions of Northern China ever since the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia in 1917, and had been funded by the USSR and growing in power and influence over the years). Following the end of WW2 , civil war broke out between Kai-Shek's KMT Government and the Communist Party of China led by Mao, which resulted in General Chiang resigning and fleeing to Taiwan in 1949, which he proclaimed the de facto 'Republic of China' and where he remained until his death in 1975. The Government during the civil war against Mao's Communists was taken over by the short-lived rule of Li Zongren, who was overthrown later on in 1949 when China became a fully Communist state. The peasantry aligned themselves with Mao quite simply because the prospect of Communist Government offered them equality, an end to serfdom, and shared and collectivised wealth. It promised a welfare state for everybody including free health care and education, housing, sanitation, adequate food and a transport infrastructure- something which the peasants could only have dreamed about for many Centuries. This did, indeed, come to pass, but not without an end to tyranny and human rights abuse. Ever since 1949, China's Communist Government has made things better for people materially but not improved upon human rights. Under all Chinese rulers, from the Emperors through the Republican Government and up until Communism, Chinese citizens have been deliberately subject to mass executions, torture and deliberate genocide via starvation if they were deemed to be enemies of the State. The Emperors and Empresses, Chiang Kai-Shek and Chairman Mao Tse-Tung were all guilty of atrocities and mass murder. Many of the good things that Mao did, such as ensuring complete equality of wealth and communal ownership, were undone by Dun Xiaoping in the 1980s and '90s by his advocacy of 'Capitalism within Communism' which permitted private enterprise, a free market economy and the development of inequality through wealth, but only modest improvements in human rights standards. Thus nowadays, the Chinese have got the worst of both systems, although a system of social welfare does still exist, and although the regime is still a Dictatorship, it does not practice the policies of mass genocide as seen under Mao.

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6y ago

Because of the level of inequality that existed in China before Chairman Mao's 1949 Revolution. Since 1912 China had been under a Nationalist Republican Government led by the Kuomingtang Party established by Sun Yat-Sen, which abolished the Emperorship and set about reforming the country into a democratic republic as oppose to a tyrannical absolute monarchy. Following his death in 1925, he was succeeded in power by General Chiang Kai-Shek, who led the country throughout WW2 on the side of the Allies but who had been in conflict with China's Communist factions for decades (Communist enclaves had developed in the mountainous regions of Northern China ever since the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia in 1917, and had been funded by the USSR and growing in power and influence over the years). Following the end of WW2 , civil war broke out between Kai-Shek's KMT Government and the Communist Party of China led by Mao, which resulted in General Chiang resigning and fleeing to Taiwan in 1949, which he proclaimed the de facto 'Republic of China' and where he remained until his death in 1975. The Government during the civil war against Mao's Communists was taken over by the short-lived rule of Li Zongren, who was overthrown later on in 1949 when China became a fully Communist state. The peasantry aligned themselves with Mao quite simply because the prospect of Communist Government offered them equality, an end to serfdom, and shared and collectivised wealth. It promised a welfare state for everybody including free health care and education, housing, sanitation, adequate food and a transport infrastructure- something which the peasants could only have dreamed about for many Centuries. This did, indeed, come to pass, but not without an end to tyranny and human rights abuse. Ever since 1949, China's Communist Government has made things better for people materially but not improved upon human rights. Under all Chinese rulers, from the Emperors through the Republican Government and up until Communism, Chinese citizens have been deliberately subject to mass executions, torture and deliberate genocide via starvation if they were deemed to be enemies of the State. The Emperors and Empresses, Chiang Kai-Shek and Chairman Mao Tse-Tung were all guilty of atrocities and mass murder. Many of the good things that Mao did, such as ensuring complete equality of wealth and communal ownership, were undone by Dun Xiaoping in the 1980s and '90s by his advocacy of 'Capitalism within Communism' which permitted private enterprise, a free market economy and the development of inequality through wealth, but only modest improvements in human rights standards. Thus nowadays, the Chinese have got the worst of both systems, although a system of social welfare does still exist, and although the regime is still a Dictatorship, it does not practice the policies of mass genocide as seen under Mao.

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Q: Why did the peasants align themselves with the Chinese communist?
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Life could only get better. It gave some relief from the grinding poverty they suffered. It is obvious to any student of history and observer of human nature that if the ruling group treads on people hard enough they will finally revolt because they were given no choice. all revolutions begin that way. Communist uprisings like the Chinese example are no different. Whatever you think of communism or revolutions they would not have occured in the first place if the populace had been well treated. Your question is a good example of how politically naive and downtrodden peasants will align themselves to a group that promises better.


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