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The President cannot spend money without the approval of Congress and cannot directly authorize the spending of money.

The president makes an annual budget request to congress describing how the various departments of the executive branch will use the budget. There is also discretionary spending which has to be asked for annually which and the president irons out with congressional Appropriations Committees. Extra defense spending, for example, has to be asked for individually. The various departments that fall under POTUS recommendations include Education, Housing, Treasury, State (Foreign), Interior, etc.

Congress brings in Dept Secretaries and questions them and it goes in/out of committee before it goes to the floor of the two houses. It passes by simple majority (after pork, or, paper-clipped add-ons mysteriously appear, usually to benfit one congressman's region). Because it is a resolution, not a bill, it does not go back to POTUS to be signed/vetoed. It just goes into effect from congress.

From the dot gov:

" the President's budget must request a specific funding level for appropriated programs and may also request changes in tax and entitlement law."

The entitlement programs are:

Social Security, Medicare, Medicaid, Nutrition Assistance, Retirement Benefits, Veterans' Disability, and Unemployment Insurance

This is an oversimplification that doesn't take into account, for example, Reconciliation. The entire process, enveloping all three branches of government is difficult even for congressman to learn fully. The president has a team of advisers just for budgetary spending. Congress has the Congressional Budget Office, committee experts, advisers, and aides. It's all part of the "Balance of Power" and the current budget procedures date to the Nixon era (except for the Byrd rule, which is also more complicated).

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10y ago
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Anonymous

Lvl 1
3y ago
so the President just ordered $3400 Mnuchin to send money to families.Will we get it?
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11y ago

Three things the president can do without congress are (1) Veto a bill (2) grant pardons for federal offenses (3) call out the national guard to deal with an emergency such as a natural disaster.

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15y ago

The expressed powers of the President of the United States are mostly set down in Article II of the Constitution. The powers are of two sorts: those exercised alone, without legislative approval, and those that require consent of the Senate or House. Powers of the President Alone: commander in chief of the armed forces; commission officers of the armed forces; grant reprieves and pardons for federal offenses (except impeachment); convene Congress into special session; receive ambassadors; take care that the laws be faithfully executed; make use of the "executive power" of the office, such as the veto power; give an annual State of the Union Address to Congress; appoint officials to lesser offices.

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13y ago

No

Several wars have started without a declaration of war by Congress, Korea (we were mandated to go as members of the UN security council) and Vietnam to name two. What Congress has done is authorize spending for the wars.

In 1964, Lindon Johnson received full war making powers under the "Gulf of Tonkin resolution" which stated that the President could do anything and everything to secure South Vietnam for US interests. It wasn't until a short time later after the Vietcong bombing of the US airbase at Pleiku did LBJ send true US combat forces to Vietnam.

The perception that presidents had assumed more authority to commit forces than the Constitution's framers had intended led Congress in 1973 to pass the War Powers Resolution (also known as the War Powers Act) over President Nixon's veto.

The main purpose of the resolution was to assure that both the executive and legislative branches participate in decisions that might get the United States involved in war. Congress wanted to circumscribe the president's authority to use armed forces abroad without a declaration of war or other congressional authorization, yet provide enough flexibility to permit the president to respond to attack or other emergencies.

Specifically, the War Powers Resolution requires the president to provide written notification to Congress of the introduction of U.S. armed forces into hostilities within forty-eight hours of such action. The president must explain the reasons forces were inserted in a hostile situation, the executive's authority for doing so, and the scope and duration of the military action. In addition, the president is required to terminate the use of military forces after sixty days unless Congress has declared war.

Almost every president since has insisted that the War Powers Resolution was unconsitutional. Bush claimed that he did not need a congressional declaration of war to use military force against Iraq. However, to bolster political support for the commencement of hostilities with Iraq, and to obtain legislative legitimacy for the participation of U.S. troops in a multinational coalition, the president requested a congressional resolution supporting the implementation of the UN Security Council resolution authorizing member states to use "all necessary means" to restore peace to the region.

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13y ago

The president is the CEO over the 15 major department of the federal government. He can issue presidential directives to tell them what to do and how to interpret their purpose of their jobs. He can tell justice not to enforce laws that he does not like. He can order stricter enforcement of laws he likes. The president is also commander-in-chief of the military and can give them orders without Congressional approval. He has considerable leeway on how funds are spent.

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13y ago

No- the president does not have the power to appropriate money.

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11y ago

NO

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Q: Can the president spend money without Congress' approval?
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Continue Learning about American Government

What is the limit of how many troops can be deployed by the president without telling congress?

The president has no money for troops without the approval of Congress, so he would be limited to the troops who are already funded and any expenses incurred in military operation would have to be paid with money that was appropriated earlier.


Does congress limit the presidents power to spend federal money?

Yes, Congress does have the power to limit the federal moneys that are spent by the President of the United States. The president must ask Congress to fund events such as wars that the country takes part in.


How can the president commit military forces overseas without declaring war?

The president can only send troops out for 60 days without Congress approval, then Congress has to agree and declare war or extend his time.


Why is the presidents power of commander in chief considered to be without limit?

The presidential powers of Commander-in-Chief are not without limit. The President can not declare war, must get approval for money spent on war or the military and Congress can stop a war at any-time and also impeach the President if he/she goes beyond their allowed powers. Congress can also stop a war at any time and even if the President invokes the war measures acts they can override him with a two-thirds majority of both houses.


Who was the first President to veto a bill from Congress?

John Tyler in 1845. He had vetoed a bill forbidding him to allocate money for Revenue cutters and steamers withoutrt Congressional approval.

Related questions

Can president Obama take government money by himself from the reserve without congress approval?

No


What can the president do if he asks for money for defense?

He can ask, but it goes to congress for approval.


Who must the president receive approval from before spending money?

The president must receive approval from Congress before spending money. Specifically, this approval is granted through the passage of a federal budget or appropriations bills.


What is the limit of how many troops can be deployed by the president without telling congress?

The president has no money for troops without the approval of Congress, so he would be limited to the troops who are already funded and any expenses incurred in military operation would have to be paid with money that was appropriated earlier.


What power does Congress have to counter the President?

To counter the President, the US Congress has the power to override his veto and pass legislation into law that he has rejected. Congress also has the power of the purse. The President must have approval from Congress to spend money. The Congress has at times forbidden the money it authorizes from being used for certain specified activity.


Does congress limit the presidents power to spend federal money?

Yes, Congress does have the power to limit the federal moneys that are spent by the President of the United States. The president must ask Congress to fund events such as wars that the country takes part in.


How can the president commit military forces overseas without declaring war?

The president can only send troops out for 60 days without Congress approval, then Congress has to agree and declare war or extend his time.


Does the US president have the right to use military force without Congress's authorization?

YES It is the level of military activity which determines if he needs congresses approval. At some level he will need to ask congress for the money needed to keep the military operation going.


Is it true that the president can finalize the budget with out the approval of congress because of his executive power?

No. Although the President has some choices about where to spend money, he can not set taxes nor make appropriations.


When the president prepares the budget can he put it into effect immediately if not then what needs to happen?

The president cannot put the budget into effect immediately. The budget must go through a legislative process which involves approval by Congress. Both the House of Representatives and the Senate must pass the budget before it can become law.


Can the president have war even without the consent of congress and if so what is this called?

The President can order military strikes without consulting Congress. He needs money for a war of any duration and only Congress can authorize the spending of money. Only Congress can declare war, but if Congress approves money, undeclared wars can last a long time and use hundreds of thousands of troops as in Vietnam. Wars of any kinds can be also be called (military) interventions and peace-keeping operations.


What Need before the Department of Defense can spend money?

Congress Approval. (By Solomon Zelman)