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No. Article III, Section I of the Constitution specifies that there is only one Supreme Court, but Congress can create inferior courts at its discretion.

Article III, Section 1

"The judicial power of the United States, shall be vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The judges, both of the supreme and inferior courts, shall hold their offices during good behaviour, and shall, at stated times, receive for their services, a compensation, which shall not be diminished during their continuance in office"

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Q: Does Congress have the power to create a court equal to but not higher in power than the US Supreme Court?
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Related questions

How did congress create the supreme court and the lower federal court?

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One. Article 3 of the Constitution states that the judicial power of the United States shall be vested in one Supreme Court and such other inferior courts as Congress may create. Article 1 gives Congress the power to create tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court is the only constitutionally created court.

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No. Article I, Section 8 and Article III of the Constitution authorizes Congress to create courts "inferior" to the US Supreme Court.

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