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By writing a book that proposed human suffering and death from starvation because the population of humans went up exponentially but the supply of food goes up arithmetically. Darwin took this idea as an insight. He figured that populations of organisms produced far more progeny then the environment could supply with resources. So a selective process would be put in place. The fitter organisms would survive and reproduce while this much less fit would lose the struggle for existence.

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13y ago
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13y ago

He did not have one himself, he simply stated that all populations eventually crash because population growth tends to follow exponential functions and resource growth tends to follow polynomial functions. Eventually the population will exceed its resources and mass starvation and population crash will occur.

Darwin used this as one of his assumptions in developing natural selection.

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8y ago

Robert Malthus (he never called himself Thomas and only used his middle name) wrote that population growth could never be more than food supply could sustain, and that if population growth was bigger at any point, famine and disease would reduce it to a level that the food supply could sustain. Basically he wrote that this would lead to a 'survival of the fittest'.

Charles Darwin held that evolution was a process of adaption to changing circumstances in order to survive; and that only those species would survive that were most successful at adapting. So although he described a different process, he said - just as Robert Malthus did - that it was 'a survival of the fittest'.

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Q: How did thomas malthus influence Charles Darwin's theory of evolution?
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Related questions

Who inspired Darwins?

THomas Malthus


Scientist whos ideas about evolution were the same as darwins?

scientist whose ideas about evolution were the same as Darwin's- Wallace geologist who influenced Darwin- Lyell geologist who influenced Darwin- Hutton scientist whose ideas about evolution and adaptation influenced Darwin- Lamarck economist whose ideas about human population influenced Darwin-Malthus


Did Thomas Malthus propose a theory of evolution?

No, Thomas Malthus proposed the theory of population growth and its implications on society in his work "An Essay on the Principle of Population." Charles Darwin later developed the theory of evolution by natural selection, which was influenced by Malthus's ideas on population dynamics.


Which scientist formulated the theory of evolution through natural selection?

Darwin was the first scientist to have the courage to put forward the theory of natural selection.


How did the ides of Thomas Malthus influence Darwin's thinking about evolution?

Thomas Malthus's idea of population growth outstripping resources and leading to competition for survival had a significant impact on Darwin's thinking. This concept provided Darwin with insight into the struggle for existence and natural selection, which became fundamental principles in his theory of evolution. Darwin incorporated Malthus's ideas into his own work to explain how species evolve and adapt to changing environments through the process of natural selection.


How did Thomas Malthus influence the world--Why was Thomas Malthus an important scientist?

He made a short story that revolutionized the world.


Would Darwin have developed his theory of evolution if he had not read the works of Lyell and Malthus?

He might not of if Malthus had not been around but he depended on the works of Lyell.


What is malthus theory on evolution?

Malthus's theory of evolution, known as Malthusian selection, proposed that populations increase exponentially while resources only increase arithmetically, leading to competition for limited resources. This competition would result in a struggle for existence, with only the fittest individuals surviving and reproducing. Darwin was influenced by Malthus's ideas when developing his theory of natural selection.


How might factors operating on organisms in nature differ from those of malthus's theory?

Malthus's theory primarily focuses on the idea that population growth will outstrip the means of subsistence, leading to competition for resources. In nature, factors acting on organisms include predation, disease, and environmental conditions in addition to competition for resources. These factors in nature are often more complex and interconnected than the simplified model presented in Malthus's theory.


What scientists inspired Charles Darwin?

malthus, lyell, his teachers, and many more


What did Charles Darwin apply Thomas Malthus's thoughts about human population growth to?

Creatures.


Scientific theories about evolution before the Darwin's discovery of natural selection?

Thomas Malthus' essay on the tragedy of the commons is thought to be a significant precursor to Darwin's Theory of Evolution.