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Federal and state supreme courts (or their equivalent) are the highest appellate courts in their jurisdiction and have authority to make the final decision on a case under review.

Supreme courts usually have what's informally known as "intermediate appellate courts" immediately below them. In the federal judiciary, the US Supreme Court is higher than the thirteen US Court of Appeals Circuit Courts (intermediate appellate courts).

Some of the differences are:

  1. The Supreme Courts set binding precedents for all courts in a given state or nation, whereas intermediate appellate courts only set binding precedents fewer courts or a smaller territory.
  2. Supreme Courts have much more latitude (discretion) over the cases they hear; intermediate appellate courts have mandatory jurisdiction over more types of cases.
  3. There is usually only one supreme court for a given state or nation (although Texas has two), but many intermediate appellate courts.
  4. The intermediate appellate courts here more cases.
  5. Supreme courts consider cases en banc (as a full court); intermediate appellate courts are more likely to assign one judge or a three-judge panel to review a case, although they do occasionally hear cases en banc, as well.
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Q: How does the appellate court relate to the Supreme Court?
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Related questions

What type of court is the supreme court?

The US Supreme Court is the highest appellate court in the United States.

Does a juvenile court have appellate jurisdiction?

No, but Supreme Court does.

What can exercise both original and appellate jurisdiction?

the Supreme Court.

Is Federal Appellate Court another name for US Supreme Court?

No. "Federal appellate court" describes a type of court, but not a specific court.Federal = United States government (as opposed to the state governments)Appellate = A court of appeals that reviews cases already tried in a lower courtCourt = Self-explanatoryThe US Supreme Court is a federal appellate court, but so are the US Court of Appeals Circuit Courts, so you can't really say "federal appellate court" is synonymous with "US Supreme Court.Because the Supreme Court is the highest appellate court, it is sometimes referred to as the "High Court" or the "Court of Last Resort."The correct name is Supreme Court of the United States, but most people just call it the US Supreme Court.

What is the busiest courts in Arizona the supreme court the superior court or the appellate courts?

Appellate courts

What are Georgia two major courts of appellate jurisdiction?

The Georgia Court of Appeals is the intermediate appellate court and the court of last resort for the state is the Georgia Supreme Court.

Which courts have both appellate and original jurisdiction?

The U.S. Supreme Court.

Is the highest court at the state level the state supreme court?

Usually it is, except that in New York State, the trial court is called the Supreme Court and the highest court is called the Court of Appeals. There is an intermediate appellate court called the Appellate Division.

What are the three types courts in Illinois?

the circuit court, the appellate court, and SUPREME COURT.

What is the name of the highest appellate court in Florida?

The Florida Supreme court

Is the Supreme Court of Florida a federal court or state court?

The Supreme Court of Florida is the highest appellate court in the Florida state judicial system.

How is the Supreme Court different from any other courts in the US?

A supreme court is an appellate court existing in most of the states. In the federal court system, and in most states, it is the highest appellate court or court of last resort. In others (such as New York) the supreme court is a court of general original jurisdiction, possessing also (in New York) some appellate jurisdiction, but not the court of last resort.