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The representation of states in the United States Senate is based on equal representation. Every state, regardless of size, elects two senators; in contrast, the number of seats a state has in the House of Representatives is based on that state's population.

This difference arose out of the conflict between the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan put forth at the Philadelphia Convention. The Virginia Plan proposed that representation in the legislature be based on either a state's population or its monetary contribution to the federal government, whereas the New Jersey Plan proposed an equal distribution of seats in the legislature to all states. The agreed upon compromise between these two plans, called the Connecticut Compromise, established two houses: the House of Representatives, based on proportional representation, and the Senate, based on equal representation.

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Q: Is senators elected based on equal representation or proportional representation?
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How did the great compromise solve the problem of the representation in congress?

It solved the problem of representation in congress because the house of representatives was based on proportional representation (# of representatives based on population) which made the larger states happy and the Senate was based on equal representation (each state got two representatives) which made the small states happy. So each state was represented.


What compromises did the framers make at the constitutional convention?

The Great Compromise, also known as the Connecticut Plan, was a compromise between the plan for representation that would benefit the smaller states (The New Jersey Plan which wanted an equal number of representatives for each state) and the plan that would benefit the larger states (The Virginia Plan which wanted representation based on population) It created our bicameral legislature with the House of Representatives having representation based on population and the senate having an equal representation of two senators for each state. There was also the three-fifths compromise over how much a slave counted when counting population.


Is each state guaranteed equal representation?

Yes and No the Senate has equal representation with two senators and an amount of representatives based on the population of the states. So for example: The state of Alaska has 3 total electoral votes, 2 from senators and 1 from the house of representatives, due to Alaska having a a very low population.


Why is gerrymandering a problem for the House of Representatives but not the senate?

Senate seats are not assigned based on congressional districts - Apex


What Representation in the house is based on?

population

Related questions

What is the representation in the senate based on?

There are two senators elected to represent each state. This is based of of the governing systems of ancient Greece and Rome.


What is representation in the U.S. Senate based on?

There are two senators elected to represent each state. This is based of of the governing systems of ancient Greece and Rome.


What branch of congress is based on proportional representation?

The House of Representatives is based on population and is proportional.


Representation in the Senate is based on population.?

Representation in the US senate is not based on population. Each state has two senators. The House's representation is based on population.


Who wished for a proportional representation in the legislature based on population?

George Washington


Who wished for proportional representation in the legislature based on population?

George Washington


How did the delegates to the constitutional convention solve the problem of how states would be represented in congress?

At the Constitutional Convention, the delegates agreed to the Connecticut Compromise. The compromise stated that representation in the House would be proportional based on population, and that each state would be represented equally in the Senate.


Why are there two senators for New York?

There are two senators for each state in the United States, regardless of its population size. This is specified in the Constitution as a way to ensure equal representation among states in the Senate, where each state is represented equally with two senators. The House of Representatives is based on population size to provide proportional representation.


Where did states have representation that was proportional to their population under the Connecticut Compromise?

The compromise provided for a bicameral federal legislature that used a dual system of representation: the upper house would have equal representation from each state, while the lower house would have proportional representation based on a state's population.


What is The differences between the two houses in congress?

The Senate has two representatives per state. The House of Representatives has representation based on population, so states with more people have more representatives. In the olden days, only the members of the House of Representatives were elected by the people. Senators were appointed by the government of the state they were representing. In 1913, an amendment changed it so that senators were also elected by the people.


What is the number of members in the house of representatives is based on what while the senate is based on what?

Every state has 2 senators while the house representation is based on the population of the state.


How did the great compromise solve the problem of the representation in congress?

It solved the problem of representation in congress because the house of representatives was based on proportional representation (# of representatives based on population) which made the larger states happy and the Senate was based on equal representation (each state got two representatives) which made the small states happy. So each state was represented.