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A parliamentary system (whether it's a republic or a monarchy) is a system of government where the executive branch is not entirely separate from the legislative branch. The legislature, or parliament, typically gets to choose from among its members who becomes the head of the executive branch, or "head of government"- this head of government is normally the leader of the political party that holds the most seats in the parliament. The legislative branch wields significant power over the executive, and can even pass a special law, often called a "vote of confidence", to fire the head of government. Countries that use a parliamentary system include Germany, the United Kingdom (and most of the Commonwealth countries), and most countries of Eastern Europe.

The opposite kind of system is the presidential system, where the head of government (who is also usually the "head of state"- essentially the symbolic leader of the entire country, similar to the monarch in a monarchy) is separate from the legislature, and operates with much less constraint from it (and it's much more difficult for the legislature to fire the head of government, if they can at all!). Countries using the presidential system include the USA and pretty much all of Latin America. Some countries, like France and Russia, have a so-called semi-presidential system, where they have a president separate from the parliament who is a powerful head of state, but then they also have a prime minister who is chosen by the parliament. In France, it's set up so that if they disagree on how to run things (as happened in the late 1980's when the President came from one party and the Prime Minster came from an opposing party), the President handles foreign policy while the Prime Minister handles domestic issues.

A democracy is any style of government where the people play a role in running the government; there is no dictator, no monarch, and so forth. "The people" are said to rule. There are two primary kinds of democracy- direct, where the people directly run the government (as in the ancient Greek city-states, where all free, adult men would gather together and decide the laws); and representative, where the people choose (vote) for someone to run the government for them (as in the United States, Germany, etc).

The opposite of democracy is despotism, where one person- a "despot"- has unlimited power to rule as he sees fit; the people in such a system have very little (if any) power to do anything without the despot's consent. A dictatorship is a very similar, almost interchangeable concept. A despot is usually a monarch- a king, an emperor, etc. A dictator is generally not a monarch of any kind, and is usually a military leader (like Napoleon- although he eventually became a monarch), a political leader (like Hitler) or something else along those lines. Otherwise, they're virtually identical.

So, to answer your question, they are two separate, but not mutually exclusive, systems for running a particular government. A country can use one or the other, or, as in the case of Germany, both.

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democratic republic- people of the republic get to vote on their government.

british government-kings and queens have say over the government.

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Q: What is the different between republic and democratic government?
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Continue Learning about American Government

Difference between a democratic republic and the British government at the time of the American Revolution?

what is one of the most important differences between a democratic republic and the british government at the time of the American revolution is... they were fighting against each other and believed in different things.


What is the difference between feudalism and democratic republic?

a democratic republic consists of representitives ˆn office rather than families taking over as in feudalism.


Difference between democratic government and republican government?

You are asking a familiar question in a new and intriguing manner. One that can lead to a better explanation. Usually we hear people say that "The United States of America (for example) is a republic and not a democracy." You ask; what is the difference? The word "republican" applies to the character of the nation state. A monarchy, for example, is not a republic. Saudi Arabia is a Monarchy. Russia is a republic. The government of a monarchy is vested in the King. The King is empowered by God. The government of a republic can take many forms such as elected representative democracy or single party communist state. But a republic draws it's authority from the people. Democracy is having the character of the people. A republic that is based on democratic principles draws it's authority from the people. A republic can be democratic or dictatorial. North Korea is a republic. It's full name is "The Democratic People's Republic of Korea." Even dictators thrive to be seen as democratic, even when they are not. The "Islamic Republic of Iran" has dozens of supposedly democratic institutions and elections. Fundamentally though those choices are limited to the people by the theocratic nature of the government. Iran is actually a Theocracy where a state religion rules. It may be important to realize that this issue is not a question in other countries that either are well schooled in Government in general and/or do not have two major political parties named Republicans and Democrats.


Conflicts between federalist and democratic republicans?

Federalists favored a strong central government and Democratic-Republicans faved states retaining authority.


What are the differences between American and English government?

A republic versus a constitutional monarchy.

Related questions

Difference between a democratic republic and the British government at the time of the American Revolution?

what is one of the most important differences between a democratic republic and the british government at the time of the American revolution is... they were fighting against each other and believed in different things.


What was the most important difference between a democratic republic and the British government at the time of the American Revolution?

The most important difference between a democratic republic and the British government at the time of the American Revolution was the citizens' rights to self rule and vote on how they would be ruled.


What is the most important differences between a democratic republic and british government of the American revolution?

A Democratic Republican was in favor of individual freedom foremost, and was less worried about government.


What is one of the most important differences between a democratic republic and the british government at the American revolution?

democratic republic - people of the republic get to vote on their governmentbritish Govt - Kings and queens have say over the governmentIf I knew why would i be asking


What style of government does Russia have now?

It is a mix between Democratic and Federal Republic - Check out the link below


What is one of the most important difference between a democratic republic and the british government in the time of the American revolution?

One of the most important differencinuij iuh8i


What is the difference between feudalism and democratic republic?

a democratic republic consists of representitives ˆn office rather than families taking over as in feudalism.


What is the difference between socialism government an a republic government?

Republic governments are democratic and usually have free market economies. Socialist governments are basically a watered down version of communism in which they usually have a command economy where the government owns the businesses and tells them what to produce, when to produce it and how many to produce. freedom!!!


Did Ecuador ever have a different type of government?

Yes, at some point Ecuador did have a different type of government. Between the year 1948 and 1960, Ecuador had a democratic elections before this changed.


Explain the difference between the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire in the economy government and law?

The unicorn they ride is different, the Republic has magic white ones.


Difference between democratic government and republican government?

You are asking a familiar question in a new and intriguing manner. One that can lead to a better explanation. Usually we hear people say that "The United States of America (for example) is a republic and not a democracy." You ask; what is the difference? The word "republican" applies to the character of the nation state. A monarchy, for example, is not a republic. Saudi Arabia is a Monarchy. Russia is a republic. The government of a monarchy is vested in the King. The King is empowered by God. The government of a republic can take many forms such as elected representative democracy or single party communist state. But a republic draws it's authority from the people. Democracy is having the character of the people. A republic that is based on democratic principles draws it's authority from the people. A republic can be democratic or dictatorial. North Korea is a republic. It's full name is "The Democratic People's Republic of Korea." Even dictators thrive to be seen as democratic, even when they are not. The "Islamic Republic of Iran" has dozens of supposedly democratic institutions and elections. Fundamentally though those choices are limited to the people by the theocratic nature of the government. Iran is actually a Theocracy where a state religion rules. It may be important to realize that this issue is not a question in other countries that either are well schooled in Government in general and/or do not have two major political parties named Republicans and Democrats.


What is the relationship between the national government and the state?

I think you ment federal government, rather then national government, as a national government is a centralized government, as a kingdom or dictatorship, where the controlling power is centralized with the ruler, and local government is a puppet administration re sponcible to the central, or national government. On the other hand, a democratic Republic, as the US is the federal government controls international and interstate trade, enforcing the constitutionality of all laws made whether federal or state, insuring all citizens civil rights and liberties, protecting the country from aggressive intrusion and psychical invasions, and insurrections that would endanger the rights and liberties of it citizens. And, a state is involved in the administering of a local geographic area, and, in theory, should be a smaller mirrored image of the federal Democratic Republic. You can find more in-detailed information on this subject by using your search engine and inquiring about the difference between types of government, and asking "what are the different types of government?" and "How does a Democratic Republic work?"; "How does our government work?" Good luck and enjoy your discoveries. - Roi