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Answer (If there are minor problems with the answer, you should note that I'm in Canada. Our systems are similar, but with some differences.) Quick answer: The Sovereign--The House of Lords--The House of Commons. It actually makes more sense to start with the Commons. Representatives from the entire country are elected to sit in the House. Normally these M.P.'s are members of one of the political parties (Labour, Conservative, etc.), though there are also independent members. If one party has an overall majority, the Queen invites its leader to form a government. In this the Queen simply confirms the wishes of the people. If there is no overall majority, the leader of a large party may be able to command enough support to govern, either informally with the support of minority parties or formally as part of a coalition. The Prime Minister selects several people, usually M.P.'s, to handle important departments These are known as the cabinet. Traditionally they are members of the governing party, but it is possible for others to be part of the cabinet if no party has an overall majority in the parliament. Other people are appointed to run the lesser departments and to assist in so doing. These people are often known informally as ministers.

People can sit in the House of Lords in one of a few ways. The first is to inherit or be given a hereditary peerage and then get elected by your fellow hereditary peers. The second is to be given a life peerage by one of the political parties. The third is to be given a life peerage by the House of Lords Appointments Committee. The fourth is to become one of the 21 most senior bishops, or the Bishop of London, of Durham, of Winchester or the Archbishop of Canterbury or York. So long as the person is over 21, he or she can be a peer. They will have the position for life (unless they are a bishop or archbishop).

Government is effected by the introduction of proposed laws called bills, which are debated and voted on by one House, then the other. The government usually introduces its main policy bills in the Commons. The details of the career of a bill are complex, but are summmarized well in the wikipedia article 'Acts of Parliament in the United Kingdom'.

Once the bills are passed by both Houses, they are given to the sovereign for royal assent, though it should be noted that no bill has not been given royal assent since the early 1700's. Check out the Parliamentary website--they can give a lot more info than I can.

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βˆ™ 9y ago
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βˆ™ 14y ago

Well, I'm an American, but their system is called a "Parlaimentary Democracy/republic" (as opposed to our "Presidential Democracy/republic"). They have two houses of Parlaiment, the house of commons (similar to our house of Reps.) and the house of lords ("senate"). I think the Prime minister is elected by the members of his house, but I have no idea about the process, or the pool from which he/she is selected.

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βˆ™ 12y ago

Great Britain is a Parliamentary Democracy, run by a Government which is democratically elected every four or five years.

Wales and Scotland have their own devolved administrations, which have autonomy over some of their own domestic affairs and which hold democratic elections every four years.

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βˆ™ 15y ago

Chaotic! There is no defined structure, the UK constitution is a collection of charters, conventions and treaties.

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βˆ™ 15y ago

England has a monarchy political system.

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βˆ™ 15y ago

A monarchy

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Q: What is the structure of UK's constitution?
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