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Every ten years, due to the census. The House of Representatives just changes the number of people they represent, not the number of seats. It's set at 435 seats for the House, and 100 for the Senate since they are not affected by a states population.

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The U.S. Constitution requires reapportionment of the seats in the U.S. House of Representatives after every official census, and it requires a census within three years of ratification of the Constitution and once per ten-year period after that.

An official census is done on 1 April of every year that ends with "0". The Census Bureau informs each state of its population numbers and its new apportionment by 25 January of years ending with "1". States perform redistricting, if necessary, during years ending with "1". The new apportionments take effect with House members who are elected in years ending with "2" and take office in years ending with "3".

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Q: When does the constitution direct congress to reapportion the seats in the house of represenatives?
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Continue Learning about American Government

How does Congress regulate trade collect taxes declare war and coin money?

According to the U.S. Constitution, Congress is to regulate intrastate commerce by lowering barriers to free trade among the several states. Congress is restricted to levying only excise taxes and apportioned direct taxes to the states, and is strictly barred from levying unapportion direct tax on the People. Congress is the only body that can declare war and it is strictly limited in that it may only coin money from gold and silver, no fiat currency is allowed.


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How does Congress regulate trade collect taxes declare war and coin money?

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