Federal courts of general jurisdiction (US District Courts, etc.) handle both civil and criminal cases.
In Alabama, Circuit Courts have more general jurisdiction over all types of cases, while District Courts have more limited jurisdiction. Practically, this means that in criminal matters, Circuit Courts hear the more serious cases like felonies, while District Courts generally hear the misdemeanors and ordinance violations. For civil cases, Circuit Courts generally handle matters where the amount in dispute is over $10,000. Circuit Courts and District Courts share jurisdiction over cases where the amount in dispute is less than $10,000 but more than $3,000; District Courts almost always hear the cases where the amount in dispute is less than $3,000 (small claims). In juvenile matters, the courts share jurisdiction but will operate as separate juvenile courts and maintain separate dockets. Circuit courts almost always hear domestic relations cases. For more information on this question and questions like it, check out the linked Court Reference website. It has great explanations of the court structures in different states as well as thousands of useful court-related links.
A: Only federal courts handle cases between citizens of different states
Article 1 of the constitution
Arizona's trial court system includes Superior Courts, Justice Courts, Municipal Courts, and Magistrate Courts. Superior Courts have jurisdiction over all civil and criminal cases. Each county in Arizona has at least one Superior Court. Civil cases heard by Superior Courts include divorce, property cases, probate, estate, municipal ordinance legality, insolvency proceedings, and claims over $10,000. For claims of $5,001- $10,000, the Superior Courts share jurisdiction with the Justice Courts. The types of criminal cases handled by Superior Courts include felonies and some misdemeanors. Superior Courts also have a special panel, called the Tax Court, which handles cases involving the legality of a tax.
It may depend on what county you are in and what kind of county court it has - jurisdiction of individual county courts varies widely. Criminal cases heard by Constitutional County Courts include some Class A and Class B misdemeanors. Constitutional County Courts may exercise exclusive jurisdiction over some misdemeanors and may share jurisdiction over certain types of cases with Justice Courts, other County Courts and District Courts. Criminal cases heard by County Courts at Law include most misdemeanors. County Courts at Law may have exclusive jurisdiction over some misdemeanors that do not have a potential penalty of incarceration. County Courts at Law may also handle violations of health or safety ordinances. For specific information regarding the county courts in your county, see the related link.
they have original jurisdiction over most federal cases
Arkansas Circuit Courts have jurisdiction over civil cases with claims over $100. District Courts handle all civil cases with claims of $100 or less, and don't handle civil cases with claims over $25,000. For civil cases with claims between $100 and $25,000, both courts share jurisdiction. How they split them up varies from county to county. For criminal cases, Circuit Courts hear most felonies and some misdemeanors while District Courts hear most misdemeanors. Circuit Courts can refer criminal cases to District Court, but not vice versa. District Courts also handle traffic tickets and local ordinance violations. Circuit Courts usually handle all domestic relations (divorce, custody, support, etc), juvenile, and probate cases. There are actually two types of District Courts: State District Courts and Local District Courts. If all parties consent, a Circuit Court may refer a civil, family, or probate case to a State District Court but not to a Local District Court. The related link below has more details about Arkansas courts and the types of cases they handle, as well as contact information and resources for courts in each county.
. . . . ANY violations of federal laws and regulations, both civil and criminal, including the tax codes.
At the trial court level, there are two main courts that hear civil cases in Colorado - District Courts and County Courts. District Courts have general jurisdiction over civil and criminal cases, but generally hear cases beyond the jurisdiction of other courts, including Family Law cases. County Courts hear small claims cases and other civil cases with under $15,000 in dispute, as well as limited criminal cases including misdemeanors. Colorado also has Municipal Courts, which mostly hear cases regarding violations of city and town ordinances, but also share jurisdiction with District and County courts over civil protection orders. Each county in Colorado has a District and County Court, though some counties combine the District and County court functions into one court. Each Colorado county also has at least one municipal court (except for Denver County), and some counties have several. Colorado also has several additional courts that hear civil cases. The Colorado Water Courts hear cases regarding water rights and usage at seven locations throughout the state. Denver County has specialized courts for Juvenile and Probate matters, in addition to a County Court and District Court. For more information on courts in Colorado, including a directory of state courts organized by county, and a directory of online court resources, visit the Colorado Courts Guide related link.
The differences between Maryland Circuit Courts and District Courts are in the types of cases they handle. Another major difference is that Circuit Courts have jury trials, and District Courts do not. The details are best explained in the related link below.
The Colorado State Court system consists primarily of District, County, and Municipal Courts. District Courts have general jurisdiction over civil and criminal cases, but generally hear cases beyond the jurisdiction of other courts, including Family law cases. County Courts hear small claims cases and other civil cases with under $15,000 in dispute, as well as limited criminal cases including misdemeanors. Municipal Courts hear cases regarding violations of city and town ordinances and share jurisdiction with District and County courts over civil protection orders. Each county in Colorado has a District and County Court, though some counties combine the District and County court functions into one court. Each Colorado county also has at least one municipal court (except for Denver County), and some counties have several. Colorado also has several additional courts. The Colorado Water Courts hear cases regarding water rights and usage at seven locations throughout the state. Denver County has specialized courts for Juvenile and Probate matters, in addition to a County Court and District Court. For more information on courts in Colorado, including a directory of state courts organized by county, and a directory of online court resources, visit the Colorado Courts Guide related link.
In the United States the lower courts are trial courts: the courts that first hear or try cases both civil and criminal. The decisions in lower courts can be appealed to higher courts.
There are a number of trial courts in the Texas court system. The primary trial courts are District Courts, County Courts, Justice Courts, and Municipal Courts. The jurisdiction of each type of court varies from county to county. District Courts are the courts of general jurisdiction in the Texas court system, and they may hear any civil or criminal case. Generally, District Courts hear cases beyond the jurisdiction of other courts, such as felony crimes, civil cases for large sums of money, contested probate cases, and family cases, such as divorce. Every county has at least one District Court, and some have several. Some smaller counties share District Courts. County Courts may be of three different kinds - County Courts at Law, Constitutional County Courts, and Statutory Probate Courts. County Courts at Law hear misdemeanor criminal cases and civil cases for under $100,000. Constitutional County Courts are also known as County Commissioners' Courts, and may have limited judicial functions in counties that also have County Courts at Law. Statutory Probate Courts, in the counties where they exist, have jurisdiction over most probate matters. Justice Courts and Municipal Courts have limited jurisdiction over minor criminal offenses and minor civil cases, depending on the county. For more information on the Texas court system, and to see which courts exist in a particular county and how to find out more information about a county's courts, visit the Texas Courts Guide related link.
The differences between Circuit Courts and Superior Courts in Indiana are in the types of cases they handle, although that varies from county to county and they share jurisdiction over some types of cases. The details are explained at the related source below.
The ones that do.
it is a lower court which usually tries criminal misdemeanors and civil lawsuits involving lesser amounts of money than superior, district or county courts. The authority, importance and geographical area covered differ from state to state. In California, municipal courts have county-wide jurisdiction, conduct preliminary hearings of felonies, and try cases up to $25,000, while in many states they only handle cases arising out of violations of city ordinances, traffic and/or small claims.