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There was no single political system in use in Europe during the Middle Ages, though most countries were monarchies.

Most medieval monarchies had a crown left to a single heir, usually, but not always, the eldest son.

There were hereditary monarchies, in which the kingdom was divided among the heirs when the king died. The Kingdom of the Franks is one example.

There were monarchies in which the monarch was elected. The Holy Roman Empire was one of these.

There were feudal monarchies, in which the central government was weak and the local lords strong. The Kingdom of France was like this for much of its medieval existence.

Some medieval governments tended toward being absolute monarchies, in which the king had all the power, though most of these came along after the Middle Ages.

The Byzantine Empire retained the old Roman senatorial system until the 13th century.

Iceland had a parliament whose seats were possessions a person could sell or leave to his heirs.

There were monarchies other than kingdoms and empires, Catalonia, which headed by a count until one of the counts decided he was really a king. For much of the Middle Ages, most of Wales was like this as well.

There was a territory headed by the Pope, called the Papal States.

There were kingdoms that were no bigger than counties. The early medieval Kingdom of Kent is an example.

There were independent republics, such as the Republic of Venice and the Republic of Genoa.

Within some of the countries, there were many different political systems in use. In The Holy Roman Empire, there were kingdoms, counties of various types, free cities with republican governments and others.

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12y ago
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13y ago

The political system of the Middle Ages was called Feudilism; when the King was at the top, followed by his lords, knights and bishops. The peasants were at the bottom of the heap.

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12y ago

Feudalism was the dominant political system during the middle ages.

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15y ago

The Answer would be feudalism.

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16y ago

Feudalism

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11y ago

black death

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Q: What was the dominant political system in the Middle Ages known as?
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