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The Union began the Peninsular Campaign in March 1862. General-in-Chief McClellan moved his Army of the Potomac from Washington down the Potomac River and Chesapeake Bay to the peninsula south of the Confederate Capital of Richmond, Virginia, before advancing toward Richmond. McClellan planned a giant amphibious operation to capture Yorktown before moving on Richmond from the south. However, the Confederate Merrimack blocked the water route up the James River to Richmond, so McClellan decided to advance up the peninsula between the York and James rivers. By early April 1862 McClellan's forces had been transported by sea to the south end of the peninsula and were ready to take Yorktown. The Confederates had fewer troops than the North so they needed a diversion to keep the Union soldiers from taking Richmond.

to capture Richmond, Virgina

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.....to capture Richmond, Virginia......

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Q: The Unions goal in the Peninsular Campaign in March 1862?
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What was the significance of the peninsular campaign in 1862?

Lee's rapid advance across the Peninusla dramatised the Confederates' natural soldierly skills and leadership, in stark contrast to McClellan's lacklustre performance as the Union commander, and encouraged other countries to consider backing a winner in the Confederacy.


How did general McClellan move troops to Virginia?

On March 17,1862 the Army of the Potomac was moved from the line of the River Rapahannock and transported by ships to Fort Monroe, landing in the Virginian Peninsula between the mouths of James and York Rivers. The seaborne operations was followed by the Peninsular Campaign, which started in April 1862 and lasted until July, a series of offensives aiming to capture Richmond. That campaign was a failure, because McClellan, in spite of his great superiority in numbers and means was not able to reach his objective.


President Abraham Lincoln sent Union troops into Virginia in the spring of 1862 under the command of what general?

The Peninsula Campaign was fought from March to July 1862 by the Army of the Potomac, commanded by Maj. Gen. George McClellan. McClellan's overcautious approach led to a retreat by his army to the James River and it was eventual recalled to the defense of Washington DC in August 1862.


Rivers was not used by General Grant in the Union campaign in the West during 1861 and 1862?

The Ohio River was not used by General Grant in the Union campaign in the west.


What was the date for the monitor vs merrimack?

March, 9, 1862.

Related questions

When was the peninsular campaign?

March 1862


What series of battles in June 1862 led George McClellan's retreat?

It was known as the Peninsular Campaign.


McClellan's disatrously unsuccessful attempt to end the war quickly by a backdoor conquest of Richmond?

This was McClellans Peninsular Campaign of 1862.


How many months of training did it take the Army of the Potomac to be ready for the Peninsula campaign?

From the end of July 1861 to the beginning of February 1862. After about seven months of training the Army of the Potomac was ready to be employed for the Peninsular Campaign. The operational Plan was communicated by letter to the Secretary of War, Edwin Stanton on February 2, 1862. The army started to be embarked on the transportation ships on March 17,1862.


When did Union General George B McClellan begin to ship soldiers to Fort Monroe?

On March 19, 1862, Union General George B. McClellan informed Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton of his plans for the Peninsula campaign. With all approvals in order, meaning from President Lincoln and Secretary Stanton, McClellan orders his forces to begin the sea transport of the Army of the Potomac to Fort Monroe. The fort is on the east coast of Virginia. The date of the first troop transport is April 1, 1862.


What has the author Ronald H Bailey written?

Ronald H. Bailey has written: 'Forward to Richmond' -- subject(s): Peninsular Campaign, 1862 'The home front, U.S.A' -- subject(s): Social life and customs


What Battlefield was figured in both the civil war and Revolutionary war?

The Battlefield of Yorktown, which saw the defeat of British General Lord Cornwallis in 1781, the onset of McClellan's' Peninsular Campaign and the seize of Yorktown on May 4, 1862.


This July 1st 1862 was the last 1862 battleof the peninsula campaign?

no


What role did Union General Joseph Gilbert Totten have in the Union's Peninsula campaign of 1862?

Union General George B. McClellan had plans for General Totten in the 1862 Peninsula campaign. Late in March of 1862, McClellan had requested that General Totten be made available to build fortifications on the peninsula leading to Richmond. He was an experienced engineer. McClellan understood that the experience of the Army's chief engineer, Totten would be invaluable in this campaign.


What was the significance of the peninsular campaign in 1862?

Lee's rapid advance across the Peninusla dramatised the Confederates' natural soldierly skills and leadership, in stark contrast to McClellan's lacklustre performance as the Union commander, and encouraged other countries to consider backing a winner in the Confederacy.


When did New Mexico Campaign happen?

New Mexico Campaign happened in 1862-02.


Why was battle of Yorktown called the peninsular campaign?

Yorktown is located on the northern shore of a Virginia peninsula extending into Chesapeake Bay, bounded by the York River on the north and the James River on the south. These are wide tidal rivers at this point.However I have never heard the Revolutionary War Battle of Yorktown called "the peninsular campaign". There was a campaign during the American Civil War on this same peninsula in 1862 which IS called the Peninsular Campaign, involving Union and Confederate forces. This involved the effort of Federal troops under McClellan to capture the Confederate capital of Richmond by approaching from the east, after landing at the tip of the Peninsula. The initial Confederate defense line the Federal troops encountered was in the vicinity of Yorktown, and some of the trenches from eighty years before were occupied again.