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Barnes Wallis had the idea that if the water supply to the Rhur industrial area could be critically reduced then it would impact on Germanys ability to produce war materiel. If several dams could be breached then the water supply could be affected greatly. The problem to be overcome was to deliver bombs of sufficient explosive power to have an effect on a dam, a structure designed to withstand great pressure itself, holding back many, many tons of water. Therefore the explosives needed to be delivered from a horizontal rather than vertical angle, and would need to explode near the dam underwater. The water pressure itself would aid the explosive power the bomb delivered. Many experiments were attempted. Mutt Summers was the name of the chief test pilot & at first it looked unlikely that such a means of delivery could be found to work. Eventually it became apparrent that the bomb would need to be delivered from very low altitude and would need to be spun in flight to achieve a bounce off the surface of the water to approach the dam wall, the bomb would then sink & detonate close to the wall and the pressure might effect a breach. Because of the nature of the targets, in steep valleys, the attack would need pinpoint accuracy, at night, requiring a very high standard of navigation & accurate flying. A special squadron was formed, 617 Squadron, to be led by Wing Commander Guy Gibson. They practiced night & day over Scotland & Wales, flying low over water. No one was told of the taget details. 3 dams were targetted, the Mohne, the Eder & the Sorpe. The Mohne & the Eder were breached, there was but minor damage to the Sorpe. But there was great loss of life of the aircrews in the attack. Gibson was awarded the VC, he was surpassed perhaps only by Leonard Cheshire VC as Britains finest pilot in WW2, they flew Avro Lancasters. Barnes Wallis was appalled at the loss of so many brave men. The Squadron Motto of 617 Sqn is 'Apre Moi le Deluge': After Me the Flood.

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15y ago
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13y ago

Barnes Wallis is most associated with the Dambuster raid of 1943 when the legendary 'bouncing bomb' that Wallis developed destroyed several of the dams in the Ruhr. Barnes Wallis also developed the huge 'Tallboy' bomb and the Wellington bomber. His extraordinary talent was recognised by the nation when he received a knighthood.

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13y ago

World War 2. created by the British scientist Barnes Wallis in an attempt to blow up dams in Germany by deploying the bomb in a low altitude over a river. It would skim (bounce) along the water and blow up the dam.

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The British engineer Barnes Wallis designed the bouncing bomb in 1942 in the middle of world war two he was English the bouncing bomb helped win the war

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9y ago

British engineer Barnes Wallis was the inventor of a bouncing bomb. Bouncing bomb was designed to bounce off water to reach its target avoiding obstacles like torpedo net.

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13y ago

Barnes Wallis.

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Q: Who designed the bouncing bomb?
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Where did the dambusters practice with the bouncing bomb?

Type your answer here... yorkshire


Who is the founder of atomic bomb?

They were developed jointly by the United States, Britain and Canada. If you think that an individual designed or created such a bomb then it ain't true.


What weapons did Britain use in WW2?

Guns with knives on the end. Yes, they had bayonets, but probably found little use for them. The correct answer is that Britain used the same weapons as all the other warring nations, plus a few "specials" like the bouncing bomb and radar, but minus the atom bomb and the rocket missile.


How did the bouncing bomb work?

The "bouncing bombs" were designed to skip across the surface of a body of water, specifically behind a dam, and nestle close to the dam wall as it sank and exploded. The underwater pressure wave caused by such an explosion was found to be an effective way to partially or completely destroy a dam. The bombs were dropped by heavy bombers, primarily the British Lancaster. The bombs would be spun up to high speed by a motor, then dropped from extremely low altitude (under 80 feet/25 meters). The shallow angle and backspin would cause the bomb to bounce or skip across the water to the dam, then rebound into the dam as it sank. When it reached a pre-arranged depth, a pressure switch or wet switch would detonate the explosives. The main version of these, the "Upkeep" bombs, were designed by Barnes Wallis, a British engineer, and used against German dams in 1943. They contained up to 6,600 pounds (2,994 kg) of Torpex explosives.


How did the bouncing betty get its name?

Anti personnel land mine (not a anti tank mine). Once a grunt triggered the device by walking on or near it, the mine jumped into the air (hopefully above the crotch, in the minds of most infantrymen) and detonated.

Related questions

Who created he bouncing bomb?

Barnes Wallis was the inventor of the 'bouncing bomb'.


In which year was the bouncing bomb first used?

The year in which the first bouncing bomb was used was in 1943. The inventor of the bouncing bomb was the British engineer Barnes Wallis.


Where did they test the bouncing bomb?

The bouncing bomb, designed by Barnes Wallis, was tested at Reculver on the north Kent coast, using a rotating drum apparatus to simulate the bouncing effect on water. The final tests were conducted at Reculver due to its top-secret nature and distance from potential German detection.


Advantages and disadvantages of the bouncing bomb?

vuyhn6dy6


What did the bouncing bomb blow up?

The bouncing bomb blew up the dam in Berlin so that Berlin was under water. This took 4 attempts.


What carried the bouncing bomb?

Avro Lancaster B111 'Special'


Where did the dambusters practice with the bouncing bomb?

Type your answer here... yorkshire


Was Thomas Spenser one of the men who tested the bouncing bomb?

no


Where was the bouncing bomb tested in England?

Chesil Beach, Dorset.


What plane was the bouncing bomb dropped from?

Specially modified Avro Lancasters


What aircraft carried the bouncing bomb?

Avro Lancaster B111 'Special'


What were the targets of the earliest wartime use of a bouncing bomb?

The first warshot "bouncing bombs" were used in combat by the Royal Air Force's 617 Squadron in an attack on the Möhne and Eder dams in the Ruhr region of Germany. They were designed to bounce over the anti-torpedo netting protecting these dams, allowing for the bomb to be released similarly to a torpedo, minimising detection and ensuring a high degree of accuracy.