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India and Pakistan have both claimed this region as their own.

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  • India and Pakistan both believe they should control the region.
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Q: Following the end of British colonial rule in India in 1947 the Kashmir region has experienced several wars and a great deal of unrest because?
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You won a speech on kashmir issue?

Many people claim that the Kashmir dispute is the unfinished agenda of the partition plan. By this they imply that the solution of the Kashmir dispute should be looked in the light of two nations theory under which India was partitioned; or in the light of the UN Resolutions which deny the Kashmir people the right to determine their own future.


What was the title of the ruler of Kashmir during the partition?

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What is the Kashmir dispute?

When the British left India, they gave a choice to all of over 500 Kings in India to choose a side - India or Pakistan. The Hindu King of Kashmir decided to join India which upset the Paksitanis because they felt that due to the large number of Muslims in that region it belonged to Pakistan. But there were also sizable number of Hindus, a fact which is not known widely today. In fact, Jawaharlal Nehru, the first prime minister of India came from a Kashmiri Pnadit family. The pandits of Kashmir have been driven away by the Islamic terrorism that has engulfed the region ever since 1947, aided actively by Pakistan which still hopes to conquer Kashmir.Independence Day for KashmirSwaminathan S Anklesaria Aiyar, Aug 17, 2008, 03.38am ISTOn August 15, India celebrated independence from the British Raj. But Kashmiris staged a bandh demanding independence from India. A day symbolising the end of colonialism in India became a day symbolising Indian colonialism in the Valley.As a liberal, i dislike ruling people against their will. True, nation-building is a difficult and complex exercise, and initial resistance can give way to the integration of regional aspirations into a larger national identity - the end of Tamil secessionism was a classical example of this.I was once hopeful of Kashmir's integration, but after six decades of effort, Kashmiri alienation looks greater than ever. India seeks to integrate with Kashmir, not rule it colonially. Yet, the parallels between British rule in India and Indian rule in Kashmir have become too close for my comfort.Many Indians say that Kashmir legally became an integral part of India when the maharaja of the state signed the instrument of accession. Alas, such legalisms become irrelevant when ground realities change. Indian kings and princes, including the Mughals, acceded to the British Raj. The documents they signed became irrelevant when Indians launched an independence movement.The British insisted for a long time that India was an integral part of their Empire, the jewel in its crown, and would never be given up. Imperialist Blimps remained in denial for decades. I fear we are in similar denial on Kashmir.The politically correct story of the maharaja's accession ignores a devastating parallel event. Just as Kashmir had a Hindu maharaja ruling over a Muslim majority, Junagadh had a Muslim nawab ruling over a Hindu majority. The Hindu maharaja acceded to India, and the Muslim nawab to Pakistan.But while India claimed that the Kashmiri accession to India was sacred, it did not accept Junagadh's accession to Pakistan. India sent troops into Junagadh, just as Pakistan sent troops into Kashmir. The difference was that Pakistan lacked the military means to intervene in Junagadh, while India was able to send troops into Srinagar. The Junagadh nawab fled to Pakistan, whereas the Kashmir maharaja sat tight. India's double standard on Junagadh and Kashmir was breathtaking.Do you think the people of Junagadh would have integrated with Pakistan after six decades of genuine Pakistani effort? No? Then can you really be confident that Kashmiris will stop demanding azaadi and integrate with India?The British came to India uninvited. By contrast, Sheikh Abdullah, the most popular politician in Kashmir, supported accession to India subject to ratification by a plebiscite. But his heart lay in independence for Kashmir, and he soon began manoeuvering towards that end. He was jailed by Nehru, who then declared Kashmir's accession was final and no longer required ratification by a plebiscite. The fact that Kashmir had a Muslim majority was held to be irrelevant, since India was a secular country empowering citizens through democracy.Alas, democracy in Kashmir has been a farce for most of six decades. The rot began with Sheikh Abdullah in 1951: he rejected the nomination papers of almost all opponents, and so won 73 of the 75 seats unopposed! Nehru was complicit in this sabotage of democracy.Subsequent state elections were also rigged in favour of leaders nominated by New Delhi. Only in 1977 was the first fair election held, and was won by the Sheikh. But he died after a few years, and rigging returned in the 1988 election. That sparked the separatist uprising which continues to gather strength today.Many Indians point to long episodes of peace in the Valley and say the separatists are just a noisy minority. But the Raj also had long quiet periods between Gandhian agitations, which involved just a few lakhs of India's 500 million people. One lakh people joined the Quit India movement of 1942, but 25 lakh others joined the British Indian army to fight for the Empire's glory.Blimps cited this as evidence that most Indians simply wanted jobs and a decent life. The Raj built the biggest railway and canal networks in the world. It said most Indians were satisfied with economic development, and that independence was demanded by a noisy minority. This is uncomfortably similar to the official Indian response to the Kashmiri demand for azaadi.Let me not exaggerate. Indian rule in Kashmir is not classical colonialism. India has pumped vast sums into Kashmir, not extracted revenue as the Raj did. Kashmir was among the poorest states during the Raj, but now has the lowest poverty rate in India. It enjoys wide civil rights that the Raj never gave. Some elections - 1977, 1983 and 2002 - were perfectly fair.India has sought integration with Kashmir, not colonial rule. But Kashmiris nevertheless demand azaadi. And ruling over those who resent it so strongly for so long is quasi-colonialism, regardless of our intentions.We promised Kashmiris a plebiscite six decades ago. Let us hold one now, and give them three choices: independence, union with Pakistan, and union with India. Almost certainly the Valley will opt for independence. Jammu will opt to stay with India, and probably Ladakh too. Let Kashmiris decide the outcome, not the politicians and armies of India and Pakistan.Added by Vasan: Mr. Aiyer may want to give them the choice and risk Muslims opting for Pakistan. I don't. As do most Indians not want to give Pakistan more territory. It is foolish and insane to hold plebiscites of that nature. We have already suffered enough by giving land to Muslims, we will never do that again.Read more: Independence Day for Kashmir - Full Story - Swaminomics - SA Aiyar - Opinion - Home - The Times of India http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/home/opinion/sa-aiyar//Independence-Day-for-Kashmir/articleshow/3372132.cms?flstry=1#ixzz0vnvh5n5Q


Where is the jawaharlal tunnel?

Jawaharlal tunnel connects Qazigund to Banihal. It lies on Jammu Srinagar highway in Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.


What problems did India face immediately after independence?

there were several problems after the creation of pakistan.Few are listed below!1-refugees2-accomadation 3-formation of the government 4-division of military assets and armed forces 5-division of financial assets6-canal water dispute 7-accession of princely state like kashmir,hyderabad 8-illetracy rate high there were several problems after the creation of pakistan.Few are listed below!1-refugees2-accomadation 3-formation of the government 4-division of military assets and armed forces 5-division of financial assets6-canal water dispute 7-accession of princely state like kashmir,hyderabad 8-illetracy rate high

Related questions

Why did the Kashmir region experience several wars and a great deal of unrest and why?

Following the end of British colonial rule in India in 1947, the Kashmir region experienced several wars and a great deal of unrest because


The Kashmir region experienced several wars and a great deal of unrest because?

India and Pakistan have both claimed this region as their own.


Following the end of British colonial rule in India of 1947 the Kashmir region experienced several Wars and a great deal of unrest because?

India and Pakistan have both claimed this region as their own.for k12 students the answer is ;India and Pakistan both believe they should control the region.


How did war over kashmir start?

The issue of Kashmir as an inheritance of colonial era


Which month is perfect to visit kashmir?

The perfect month to visit Kashmir is during the months of March to August within which spring and summer are experienced.


Which of the following is NOT a likely possibility for the people of Kashmir?

To be a part of India


Why are India and Pakistan both claiming Kashmir?

Pakistan claims Kashmir as Kashmiris are Muslim. India occupied Kashmir because state prince announced to join India against will of Muslim majority . It was wrong decision of then British govt. which created this problem .Actually Kashmir should be claimed by Kashmiri people as decided by U.N . resolution .


When kashmir has given a special status?

After India Got freedom from British colonialism, Unfortunately India was splitted in to Pakistan and India. On that time Kashmir was not a part of India or Pakistan. When Pakistan tried to Acquire Kashmir, The King of Kashmir sought help from Indians and they made an agreement with Indian Govt. Because of this we have included Kashmir as a part of India and gave special priveleage (Article 370) to Kashmir. I hope You may understand what i meant................These are in layman language..... By JKP, Bangalore


Why was Kashmir an unusual case in deciding which country to be a part of following partition of British India?

At the time of Partition of India and Pakistan, Jammu and Kashmir was princely stat e ruled by Dogra Ruler Maharaja Hari Singh and he decided to remain independent. It was only when Kabailis(A tribe ) attacked Jammu and Kashmir with the support of Pakistani army and occopied one third of Jammu and Kahsmir, Maharaj decided to call Indian army, but then Prime minister of India Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru ask Maharaja to sigh treaty of assertion before sending forces to the independent state of Jammu and Kashmir.


Which of Katrina Kaif's parents is Indian and where in India are they from?

Katrina Kaif's mother is British and her father is of British and Kashmiri descent. Her father, Mohammed Kaif, hails from Kashmir, India.


Why are India and Pakistan fighting in Kashmir?

They both claim certain territories in Kashmir that are currently held by the other country. It has partially to do with unsettled disputes from the time of the partitioning at the end of British rule, and partially due to ancient tribal and regional disputes that go back centuries before the arrival of the British in India.


When was Alla Rakha born?

Alla Rakha was born on April 29, 1919, in Paghwal, Jammu and Kashmir, British India.